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Sun-loving ground cover can be found in the wild only in places where no large trees or trees grow. These species, unlike their shadow-tolerant counterparts, are competitive and can not stand a leaf fall - they would choke. They avoid the competition by colonizing extreme locations.
Ground cover for sunny locations have characteristics that are also characteristic of pioneer trees:
- undemanding to nutrients
- endure temperature extremes of an open space
- endure dryness and moisture
Soil-covering plants are also availableThere, where unfavorably cut or "leftover" areas, which are often found, for example, in small gardens, are poor or not at all suitable for a floor covering and can not be planted in the usual way.
Nice alternative to small grass areasGround cover are an attractive option for small grass areas, which do not look very nice and need much care during the year for a long time. They also suppress unwanted wild herbs if the soil has been thoroughly cleaned before planting.
Richly structured plant carpetsSoil-covering plants need only a shallow topsoil layer, because the nutrients usually get into the plants through numerous root shoots. Therefore, they are well suited for roof gardens, where weight plays a big role. Ground cover can connect higher plant groups with small mixed plantings or alone form a good contrast to hard floor coverings or gravel surfaces. If you want to confine them to a certain area of the garden, you should avoid species that are described as very vigorous or proliferating because they are difficult to control. Suitable ground cover are low plants as well as higher pillow-forming species.
Thyme & Co - ground cover for sunny locationsTo the ground covers also some trees are counted, since they are densely vegetated despite their height to the ground. They are a supplement to the generally low-lying ground cover.A mixture of low-growing thyme shrubs (Thymus) is persistent and forms depending on the species composition a dense gray or green flooring with fragrant flower waves. Thyme is particularly popular as a carpet-making plant that spreads rapidly. This groundcover requires an open, sunny location.
Different forms of Günsel (Aguja) grow very easily everywhere, though they prefer a wetter soil. They form a dense floor carpet with bright blue spikes of flowers. Their foliage is usually red or reddish striped.
Other suitable groundcover
- Blue Pillow (aubrieta) are long-flowering spring bloomers. There are blue, red, pink and purple varieties.
- Clove (Dianthus) makes evergreen turf pads with pink flowers.
- Various barberry types (Berberis) have attractive flowers, beautiful foliage and a magnificent berry-hedge, for example the red-leaved (summer-green) barberry.
- Some of the numerous dwarf or rock medlar species (Cotoneaster) are proliferating groundcover and can not only overgrow walls picturesque.
- Low growing forms of gorse can be chosen for a sunny embankment. Most of them are overloaded with glowing flower brooms in early summer.
- Some stork beak species (Geranium) are partly excellent groundcover with pretty flowers and leaves, although they are mainly used for pre-planting mixed discounts.
- The sunflower (Helianthenum) is a lovely little mass bloomer. Its mostly yellow flowers appear in summer.
- Juniper species (Juniperus) with shallow-growing branches are available in various colors such as teal, bright green, golden yellow and fern-like, evergreen Benadelung.
- The saxifrage (Saxifraga) makes evergreen rosette-shaped leaflets with pink flower spikes in summer.
- Stonecrop or fat hen (Sedum) is a bluish, fleshy foliage plant with broad umbels of pink and yellow that appear in the fall.
- The houseleek (sempervivum) is an extremely undemanding long-lived plant that forms evergreen rosettes. It needs a well-drained soil and a sunny location. Almost at any time you can cut off offshoots and rooted.
- St. John's wort (Hypericum) is a not very long-lived plant. She needs a sunny spot.
- The castle carpet (Raoulia) is a plant that needs full sun and winter protection.
- The soapwort (saponaria) is a short-lived plant with flat, richly branched stems. It is well suited for sunny walls.
Groundcover, which are suitable for scree or Alpine gardens
- Heather (Erica): it belongs to the large family of evergreens with different deciduous and flower colors and different flowering times
- Pfaffenhütchen (Euonymus)
- Pennywort (Lysimacha) with its golden leaves
Examples of native plants for extreme locations
- Calluna vulgaris (Besenheide) suitable for reclamation measures in the open countryside, Pioniergehölz for nutrient-poor, strongly sour locations, Sandböschungen, rock slopes. Extensive plantings in heather plants, rhododendron and azalea gardens. Numerous cultural forms of this species are available today for the local garden to choose from.
- Juniperus species (juniper) all juniper species are hungry for light, this should be considered in the planning. In the company with Callunen and Eriken, they thrive as well as with roses, perennials and grasses.
- Erika species (bell heather) the heath species are with 500 species one of the most diverse plant species, of which ten species are native to our latitudes from Portugal to Scandinavia.
- Empetrum nigrum (Crowberry / Raspberry); ("Empetrum" = Greek for "growing on rocks"), very frost hardy, moisturizing but still very dry resistant.
Staudenpflanzungen of a kind in a sunny location are not found in our latitudes, they are also very caring. Our climate does not meet the necessary site conditions, it addresses a wide range of genera and thus is subject to planting with a kind of extreme immigration pressure - creating diverse communities that are dynamic in themselves, as they adapt to circumstances depending on the condition.
It is therefore advisable to consider a balanced mixed planting when planning for sunny locations!
Exceptions for sunny areas are e.g. Hypericum calycinum (St. John's wort) and Geranium macrorrhizum (Pantograph). These are extremely competitive and require little care to form permanently closed surfaces.