The Content Of The Article:
- Instructions for creating a cultivation plan
Whether tomatoes, lettuce or beans - who would like to grow vegetables themselves, should create a growing plan in good time. We show you how this is done.
If it's crisp and cold outside, then this is the time to start thinking about growing vegetables in the next gardening season. This is important, because only if you create a carefully thought-out cultivation plan, you can use your garden optimally and thus achieve a good harvesting success.
The whole thing has another advantage as well: start planning the vegetable beds in good time, so you can see which seed you need and can buy it in time. Once the garden season starts, one or the other vegetable variety might be scarce.
In this article, we would like to explain exactly how you create such a growing plan for vegetables and what you have to pay attention to everything. This applies to both the vegetable patch on the terrace / balcony and the vegetable patch in the garden.
Instructions for creating a cultivation plan
➤ Step 1 - Divide vegetable beds:
Before you go to the selection of vegetables, you should first determine the size and location of each bed. The easiest way is to do a rough sketch on which you draw a plan of the garden and then divide the area. Important when dividing the beds is that you remember not to make them too wide, otherwise you will no longer be able to work them comfortably from all sides. A width of 130 centimeters has proven to be optimal.
The individual vegetable beds should also be divided by garden paths with a width between 30 and 50 centimeters. Very nice or helpful are also low bedding borders. They visually enhance the vegetable patch and even keep some pests away from the beds. For larger populations of snails, even a stable snail fence might be recommended.
➤ Step 2 - Select vegetables:
After you have made a division of the garden, it goes to the selection of vegetables. First of all, think about which types of vegetables you would like to grow and make a note of them. It is important to note that vegetables are always divided into two groups: main cultures and pre- and postcultures.
The main crops are vegetables that have a long growing period. In the subsequent and pre-culture of vegetables that are very early or very late ready for harvest and only a short time to grow. Combine each main crop with a pre- or postculture to create a crop rotation, which you can then plant at different times in the same bed.
➥ Main cultures are, for example:
Cucumbers, corn, carrots, potatoes
➥ After- or precultures are for example:
Corn salad, radishes, bush beans, kohlrabi, winter leek, winter leek, spinach
➤ Step 3 - Combine vegetables properly:
Now that you have determined which types of vegetables you would like to grow, you must take another point into account. In fact, vegetables are also classified as starvation givers, middleaders, and lesser eaters. These three groups all have different levels of nutrient requirements. It is also important that you combine strong with weaker or medium with strong or weak. However, you must never combine starvation with other heavyweights.
Now that you've set the main and pre- and postcultures, you'll need to check if they can actually be planted in a bed. To the star, medium and weak eaters belong for example:
Potatoes, pumpkin, sweetcorn, cabbage, zucchini
➥ Medium Credits:
Peppers, tomatoes, runner beans, leeks, cucumbers, endives, chard, radish, eggplant
Herbs, peas, corn salad, onions, radishes, bush beans
For all those who find the combination of vegetables difficult, here are two tips for reading:
Which vegetables harmonize well with each other?
Which vegetables do not harmonize with each other?
➤ Step 4 - Record sowing dates & buy seed:
Now, if all the vegetables and also the division of the vegetable beds are fixed, you must note down, when the individual vegetable sorts must be sowed or planted. Make a note of these appointments on your sketch as well. So you have all the important information together.
After that you only have to worry about the purchase of the individual vegetable seeds. Please always use seeds from quality brands, otherwise you might experience nasty surprises. For example, that the seeds do not even rise. Of course, you can also take self-grown seeds.But then you should first do a germination test to see if the seed is still viable.