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A flowerbed only looks luscious if several plants are in full bloom at the same time. It is best to place plants of the same species in different places in the bed. Through this repetition, a disorderly smorgasbord in the bed can be avoided. It is best to limit yourself to two or three colors or simply use different tones of a color. In addition, many flowers are more effective when planted in smaller groups.
Form and position
First, a gardener has to worry about what part of the garden he wants to plant a flowerbed. Once the place has been found, the shape sometimes comes naturally. There are almost no limits to the size and shape.
- rectangular / lozenge
- curved shapes
- other geometric shapes
- Narrow marginal beds and Wegeinfassungen
Check lighting conditions
If the right place is found, it should be checked whether the location is in principle suitable for the desired planting. Especially if very specific plants are desired.
- full sun (including midday sun): ideal for a rock garden or a steppe planting
- sunny to partially shaded (a few hours of shade daily): favorable conditions for almost all plants and flowers
- shady: here too there are a number of suitable plants
Of course, it also depends on the soil conditions, what can be planted. In many well-maintained facilities, the gardener has already ensured in advance that ideal conditions prevail in the soil for as many plant varieties as possible. These include:
- good water permeability (improvement with sand)
- balanced nutrient content (incorporating fertilizer or compost)
- average humus content (compost or good potting soil)
- slight acidity (pH values between 6.0 and 6.8)
In addition, it must be decided whether a bedding border should be laid and a weed fleece laid in the ground.
Tip: Before planting the flowers, the soil should be dug about 30 centimeters deep and possibly repaired with sand or humus. In addition, all old plant parts such as roots or weeds must be removed. Now is the time to fertilize. Mature compost creates an ideal foundation.
Decision for the plants
First and foremost, the plants for the flowerbed must be selected according to the site conditions. Of particular importance here are the soil quality and the amount of direct sunlight that falls on the bed. So that the plant combination in the bed also works well, there are a few simple rules that every gardener who wants to create a flowerbed should pay attention to.
1. Leitpflanzen / Leitstauden
First, it should be determined which plant should occupy a dominant position. The so-called lead plants are higher-growing shrubs or small shrubs that are particularly expressive and thus determine the appearance of the bed. The rest of the planting has to be based on these reference plants, of which only a few may be used. Too many (and too many different) control plants only diminish the visual impact. Leader plants should always be placed in the back third of the bed (with round beds in the middle). Possible lead plants can be:
- Roses (upright species)
- Black Cohosh
Matching the one to two Leitpflanzenarten different companion plants are now selected. They are a little smaller than the Leitstauden and usually also inconspicuous. Here are in principle all flowering, medium-high shrubs and medium-high grasses. The bed is especially good if the accompanying plants
- in a similar color as the Leitstaude bloom
- represent a complementary color (orange to blue, purple to yellow, green to red)
If the accompanying plants are loosely positioned around the Leitstauden, the remaining gaps are filled with filling plants. In the front bed area, you can find groundcover, in the middle and rear of the flower bed are medium-high Blattschmuckstauden the perfect choice.
- pillow cloves
- cushion Phlox
- Funkie (Hosta)
The most difficult task is to select plants that have different flowering times for each type of reservoir. Because it is guaranteed that from spring to autumn always an eye-catcher in the flowerbed is present.
- early flowering plants
- late flowering plants
- Perennials that bloom almost throughout the year
- possibly evergreens or grasses for winter action
Flower beds, which follow a certain basic principle, have a special charisma. Such a theme also simplifies the selection for the individual perennials from the almost infinite variety of suitable plants.
- tone in tone
- Blend of pink, white and blue
- White flowers in front of dark green background
- Pale blue and yellow
- Purple and dark yellow
- Blue and orange
- Japanese beds, steppe beds, rock garden beds, heather garden bed
Flowerbeds do not grow overnight. Even if the planting at the beginning should look a bit sparse, the flowers should not be planted too densely. They usually take about three years to reach their size. Planted too densely, they hinder each other's growth because they dispute light and nutrients. As a guide:
- half height (adult plant) should be kept as planting distance
- in Leitstauden (large plants): 60-80 cm
- with accompanying perennials (medium sized): 40-50 cm
- Ground cover and other weak growing plants: 15-20 cm
Whether the ground is wet or dry and the location is sunny or shady, there are a number of suitable plants for each location that will feel comfortable in these conditions.
1. Very sunny, dry locations with nutrient-poor soils
Ideal conditions for prairie or steppe gardens. Here plants are used, which require little water and nutrients and also tolerate the bright sunlight easily. These beds are very easy to care for, only after the winter a pruning is necessary.
- Leitstaude: Banater Globe Thistle (Echinops bannaticus, 150 cm)
- Companion: Purple Sunhat (Echinacea purpurea, 80 cm), Blue Lava (Perovskia abrotanoides, 50-80 cm)
- Filling plant: feather grass (Stipa tenuissima, 40-50 cm)
Under these conditions, most plants grow optimally. The selection of perennials is almost unlimited.
Blue-white combination (bed size about 2 x 2 meters)
- Common perennial plants: 2 blue-violet phlox (Phlox paniculata), 1 white larkspur (Delphinium cultorum 'Pure white')
- Accompanying perennials (back area): 1 white coneflower (Echinacea), 1 frikarts aster (Aster x frikartii 'monk'), 1 magnificent candle (Gaura lindheimeri), 2 white autumn anemones (Anemone japonica), 2 springgrass grasses (Sedum spectabile) accompanying perennials (front area ): 2 white fat hens (Sedum spectabile), 2 white gypsophila plants (Gypsophila paniculata) and 2 lavender (Lavandula angustifolia)
- Filling plants (front area): 3 storks beak (Geranium magnificum) on the right and left, in the center 3 white sage (Salvia nemorosa)
A truly timeless and always beautiful plant idea for narrow, sunny marginal beds are roses. They can be combined well with the following plants, as these plants bloom like roses for a very long time and require similar site conditions:
Such plants are particularly good in a shade garden, which is highlighted by bright colors.
- Leitstaude: 1 Blue Iron Hat (Aconitum) and 1 record sheet (Astilboides tabularis) and 1 King Fern (Osmunda regalis)
- in the row before: 1 beard thread (Penstemon digitalis), 1 shiny shield fern (Polystichum aculeatum) and 1 beard grass (Schizachyrium scoparium)
- in the row before: 2 Real Solomon seals (Polygonatum multiflorum), 2 Jacob's Ladder 'Purple Rain' (Polemonium yezoense)
- right in front: 4 x snake beard (Ophiopogon planiscapus nigrescens), 3 light green funcias (Hosta), 2 woodruff (Galium odoratum)
Creating a flowerbed is not that difficult. Once a suitable place has been found, it is best to first look for one or two large flowering shrubs that match in color. Next, groups of semi-tall perennial shrubs are planted around these orchards. They should have different flowering times and color to match the Leitsta. In the gaps (and the front area) are finally some leaf ornamental plants or ground cover. Important: Pay attention to site conditions and planting distance!