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The Gundermann (Glechoma hederacea) is a perennial herb that exudes a spicy scent. It belongs to the family of the Lipblütengewächse.
Gundermann - Special Features
The Gundermann has a creeping main shoot, which also has foliage in winter. The lower nodes are also rooted. The sprouts, which are about twenty to forty centimeters long, rise to the front and form dense carpets. Often the leaves at the bottom are overrun red-violet. After the flowering period between April and June, the plant sprouts numerous above-ground, leafy foothills, which can reach up to one meter in length.
Usually in twos or threes, the clearly stalked flowers are in the axils of the leaves. The typical small lip-shaped flowers with the flower crown, which has grown from five leaves into a straight tube, then light up in a dark or light violet and additionally give the foliage carpet an attractive appearance.
In many parts of Europe, as well as in the temperate regions of Asia, the Gundermann is common. In Europe, its settlement extends from the Mediterranean to northern Scandinavia. In America, he has become at home with the colonization as well.
Cultivation of Gundermann
Gundermann is often found on fallowers, under trees and bushes, in hedgerows, on meadows and in deciduous forests. Above all, it prefers moist, nutrient-rich soil in order to quickly green fallow land. Its groundcovering properties make it almost ideal for use in shady and partially shaded locations.
So it is ideal for planting
- next to ferns,
- under oaks, beeches and other deciduous trees,
- on the banks of a pond, canal or lake as well
- as gap fillers between low-growing trees and in hedges.
Gundermann can be planted at intervals of between twenty and thirty centimeters. The planting can be carried out during the growing season between April and October, with the spring being the best, since in the same year already soil-covering characteristics become noticeable.
The Gundermann can be easily reproduced by means of his foothills. For this purpose, about twenty centimeters long shoot sprays are cut off and planted in spring or summer. Regular watering ensures growth before winter.
The Gundermann needs almost no care measures, since it grows in favorable locations of its own and also spreads very strong. He also requires no additional fertilization with regular watering.
- Since Gundermann tends to overgrow, it is advisable to limit its growth by rooting. For this purpose, plastic barriers can be embedded in the ground. The regular ripping of supernumerary plants should then be carried out at regular intervals.
- If the Gundermann is too moist, the risk of infestation by mildew increases. Then the plants are covered with a gray haze and die in the episode. If signs are evident, affected plants should be uprooted and destroyed. Under no circumstances may infested plants be composted.
- The infestation by rust fungi is also partially observed in Gundermann. Similar to an infestation by mildew affected plants must be uprooted and destroyed, since the fungi can survive even in compost hooves.
- In case of any infestation is also thinking about a relocation, which is less humid and the Gundermann still flourish well with regular watering.
- A winter protection is only necessary for the Gundermann if he is planted in very rough locations or exposed to very heavy frosts.
The Gundermann's flowering herb is dried and can then be used as a tea, tincture, bath or oil for inflammation and respiratory or digestive tract disorders, as well as skin and joint pain. Fresh, young herb is also edible and can enrich salads.