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Large variety of varieties for different purposes
There are several different varieties of gypsophila. Many of them are hardy and bloom for several years, but annual perennials are also commercially available. In addition to the high-pitched venom (Gypsophila paniculata), which can reach a height of 120 centimeters, there is a creeping variety (Gypsophila repens), which spreads strongly and is at most 25 inches high. As cut flowers or for drying are especially the annual varieties such as Gypsophila elegans suitable, which fit well with 50 centimeters in bouquets. While the tall varieties of gypsophila do well in the flowerbed or discounts, the slightly lower shapes can be used as gap fillers. Creeping gypsophila forms are best planted in a rock garden. The delicate flowers are particularly good for dark and strong perennials such as larkspur or lavender. In the rose bed, the filigree plants set the roses in scene.
- Steppe gland, 150 centimeters, for beds and borders
- Creeping gypsophila, 25 centimeters, for the rock garden
- Hybrid forms and annual varieties, 50 centimeters, as gap fillers for empty corners
New plants can be grown on the windowsill or in a small greenhouse. The seed is sown in a planting tray with rearing soil. It should be ensured that the small seeds do not fall too close, so that the seedlings can develop better. They are only lightly covered with soil and moistened well until emergence. For a spray bottle with a fine jet is best. The planter is covered and placed in a warm place with plenty of light. To prevent rot or mold, the cover must be removed regularly. After a short time you can see the small plantlets. If they have formed four to five leaves, they must be isolated. Carefully, they are individually placed in small plant pots. Who wants to save the trouble of own breeding, can buy preferred plants in the garden trade. To grow in the garden, they should not be too small. Dark, slimy spots on the stems indicate a stipe rot. Such plants should not be bought.
As soon as it is warm outside and no more frost is to be feared, the small gypsophila plants are allowed to go outside. All gypsophila species need a sunny spot and a light, not too hard ground. They thrive best when they receive a lot of sun, four hours a day it should be for a beautiful flowering. Wetness they tolerate only conditionally, the delicate plants are very wet with waterlogging and then tend to rot.
Prepare the planting hole
At the desired location, a hole about 30 centimeters deep is dug up and filled with some compost earth. Very solid soil can be loosen up with gravel at the bottom hole. The plants are then used and carefully surrounded with soil. This is the main work already done. Casting is hardly necessary. Fertilizers are only advisable if the soil contains very little nutrients. Some compost sprinkled around the plant is often enough. Gardeners who swear by organic gardening give at longer intervals some diluted nettle slurry as fertilizer. It has been proven to support the plants before flowering, as they easily fall over and lie on the ground. For this, the stems are protected with small bamboo sticks. Also, small fences made of chicken wire, which are placed around the plant and thus prevent falling over. If the gypsophila has withered, it should be trimmed. By cutting off the withered plant parts and cutting the plant by a few centimeters, a second flowering period can often be achieved.
- Sunny location
- Light soils
- Water a little and protect from moisture
- Support before flowering
- Trim after flowering
Gypsophila is not only suitable as a cut flower in colorful summer bouquets or containers with roses, it can also be perfectly dry and used in the potpourri. With straw flowers or other dried flowers can be created in this way, even in winter, a beautiful floral decoration. The cabbage is cut just before the blossoms are fully opened. The stems are loosely tied together and hung upside down in a dry, not too bright place.
The gypsophila can be divided into up to one hundred species that grow from our climes to the Mediterranean. They have perennial representatives and also one-year-old family members. The Schleierkrautsamen that can be purchased from us, are usually one-year old.
The gypsophila was often used as a medicinal plant in earlier centuries and not just for washing. The active ingredients of the gypsophila are in its diuretic effect. He also promotes the exhalation of mucus in the nose and throat. For this purpose and extracts were obtained from the plants.
The gypsophila is sometimes called gypsophila, because it likes to grow on gypsum. In our gardens, the gypsophila loves sunny to partially shaded. A slight thinning and enough water, but no wet feet, the gypsophila does not like at all. It blooms eagerly throughout the summer and delights the eye of the beholder.