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The Hanging kitten willow (Salix caprea 'Pendula') is a hanging form of willow (Salix caprea) and an exclusively male willow. She shows her fluffy, delicately fragrant flowers in March / April. On a approximately 80 cm high, medium-thick trunk, above the finishing point, sit the bogig overhanging shoots of this hanging pasture. The plant can reach stature heights between 100 and 200cm, depending on trunk and processing height.
habitat requirementsThis elegant and very easy-care wood feels equally comfortable in the sun and partial shade, but still prefers sunny locations with at least four hours of sun per day. Specimens in the bucket should be placed in a sheltered place to prevent them from falling over in strong winds. As far as the demands on the condition of the soil are concerned, loose and sandy-humic soils offer the best growing conditions.
The hanging willow (Salix caprea 'Pendula') tolerates both alkaline and slightly acidic soils. In general, the soil should be able to store water and nutrients well. For keeping in a bucket, you can use commercially available container potting soil or high-quality plant or potting soil, which is then enriched with a little sand or perlite.
plantingIn the garden
Diedekorative hanging pasture does not take up much space, which is why it is also very suitable for smaller gardens or gardens. It can usually be planted from March to October or in spring and autumn, provided that the soil is frost-free. Best planting time is between September and November. Then the ground is still warm, so that the roots can spread quickly and gain a foothold.
- Water the bale thoroughly before planting
- While making a planting hole
- That should be about twice as deep and wide as the bale
- For optimal starting conditions, mix the excavated soil with compost or horn shavings
- Do not plant too close to each other for several copies
- Too dense planting hinders the pastures in their growth
- Therefore, keep planting distances of 80 - 150 cm
- Now take the willow out of the pot
- Slightly loosen the roots with your hands
- Then put in the planting pit
- Plant in the same height as before in the pot
- For a better grip when planting a support pole with use
- Tie the willow loosely with a coconut rope
- If the willow has grown well, carefully remove the support again
Tip: The support should protrude about 10 cm beyond the crown of the tree after insertion. When inserting, particular care must be taken not to damage or injure the crown or the trunk.
In the bucket
The hanging kitten pasture can also set in the bucket on balcony and terrace beautiful accents. In a container planting, one should first pay attention to a sufficiently large planter. With a capacity of at least 30 - 40 liters, they provide enough space for the plant in the first years. On the bucket bottom is then added a 5-8 cm thick layer of drainage material, e.g. From coarse gravel, grit or potsherds to ensure a good water flow.
To prevent substrate and drainage from mixing, cover the gravel with a thin fleece. Then one fills a part of the substrate and sets the plant in the middle. Then fill the pot up to a few centimeters below the edge with soil, press the soil and water. Even with a tub planting the insertion of a support is advisable. In the first weeks after planting should be weather-oriented.
Tip: In the hanging willow (Salix caprea 'Pendula'), the bucket should grow along with the plant. Consequently, it should be transplanted every 2-3 years into a larger vessel, otherwise the roots will eventually no longer be sufficiently supplied with water and nutrients and atrophy.
care instructionsThe Hanging kitten pasture is usually grafted or grafted on the trunk of a normal pasture. As a result, the trunk grows very slowly, while the shoots with the pretty kittens grow faster, almost vertically down and so can eventually hang to the ground. However, this requires a minimum of care.
In principle, the water requirement of an out-planted pasture is covered by the natural rainfall. Only in summer, with prolonged heat and drought, additional watering is required to prevent the bale from drying out completely. The best one pours rather rare, but penetrating.This stimulates the plants to penetrate into deeper, moist soil layers in order to be able to survive even longer dry periods better. Pastures in the bucket, on the other hand, must be watered more frequently. Due to the limited volume in the pot, the substrate dries out much faster here.
Also with regard to the need for nutrients, this ornamental wood is relatively undemanding. As a rule, it is sufficient to administer a long-term fertilizer once in April and again in July. Alternatively, once a month some mature compost can be superficially incorporated into the soil. If necessary, you can completely do without additional fertilizer in a good garden soil.
Something different with potted plants looks. As in the planters, the supply of water is running low, the nutrients are consumed much faster, so that must be fertilized regularly. As a result, the plant should be supplied with liquid fertilizer once a month from March to August.
Tip: Intensive fertilizers are generally not suitable for pastures. They would result in too short a length of growth and a killing of the plant.
Since the hanging pasture is one of the native woody plants, it copes very well with the local winters. Accordingly, trees planted in the garden are also hardy, so winter protection can usually be dispensed with. Only the trunk should be protected from the winter sun, depending on where it stands.
- Protect the stem with a fleece or similarly permeable material from the winter sun
- Protection of the crown is not required
- Plant loses all its leaves in winter
- Specimens in bucket slightly more sensitive to stronger frosts
- For protection put the bucket on a wooden pallet or polystyrene plate
- This protects the root from frost from below
- Wrap the pot additionally with winter protection fleece, bubble wrap or jute
- For hibernation choose an absonnigen place in the garden
Salix caprea 'Pendula' is very cut tolerant. In order for this attractive wood to stay in shape, it should be blended about every two years. The pruning can definitely be a bit stronger. The best time for a cut is immediately after flowering. If already blended in early spring, you have to do without the pretty flowers in the same year, so it's better to wait until after flowering.
In order to promote the renewal and to be able to enjoy the noble kitten again next year, the shoots of the hanging pasture are not only shortened, but cut back to three or four eyes. This cut also ensures that the crown of the tree is not too dense and always well ventilated.
Over-aged plants should be given a rejuvenation cut to make them more vital and to stimulate new, healthy budding. For this purpose, the main drives of the crown are cut back to a few centimeters and all dead parts of the crown are completely removed.
You should not give up completely on cutting measures. Otherwise, the proportion of dead shoots inside the crown would increase more and more. These in turn would be superimposed by the new shoots, so that the lower ones will be shadowed more and more and can no longer operate photosynthesis. If you give some complete fertilizer after the pruning, and water the tree thoroughly, the hanging pasture should bloom lush again next year.
Tip: The resulting clippings can be easily chopped and mixed under the compost or disposed of on the compost heap. Due to the contained acetylsalicylic acid, also known as aspirin, the chaff should also be a very good fertilizer.
An increase of this plowing pastel is possible both by refinement as well as cuttings or cuttings. For a refinement special knowledge is required, which is why it should rather be left to the professionals. Somewhat less complicated, however, is a propagation of cuttings or pickers. Cuttings are semi-woody and leafy shoot tips, while pegs are taken from the center of a shoot, have no leaves and are completely woody. However, the rooting does not always take place smoothly, many of them do not root. Therefore, it makes sense to always use several cuttings or cuttings.
- Cuttings and plywood should be 15 - 20 cm long
- Cutting cuttings from annual shoots during the growing season
- Cutting sticks in autumn or winter
- Remove leaves in the lower part of the cuttings
- Then put both about halfway into loose, lean substrate
- Press soil well and sprinkle
- Keep rooting substrate evenly moist
- Plant rooted cuttings in late September or next spring
- Mating sticks frost-free, allow to rooted during the winter
- Plant in the garden in spring
Willow rust is a fungal disease that can occasionally affect the hanging kitten.An infestation manifests itself as yellow and red spots on the leaves, which soon cover the entire leaf. It usually occurs between the end of April and the beginning of May and with increased humidity, whereby the pasture can also be infected by other plants. On the underside of the leaves are orange, rust-like spore bearings.
This fungus can be combated with a corresponding fungicide from specialist retailers. In addition, it is important to remove infected leaves from the plant itself, as well as already fallen, lying on the ground, completely and dispose of with household waste. This is important because this fungus overwinters on the affected leaves and can infect the plant again next year. To prevent an infestation in general, the pasture should be blended regularly. Thus, the crown can not be too dense and the leaves dry quickly. In addition, you should be careful not to moisten the foliage while casting.
Sage willows such as the willow cat willow (Salix caprea 'Pendula') are more frequently attacked by aphids. If one detects an infestation, this can quickly become prevalent. Therefore, the fight should be started as soon as possible. As an immediate measure, the brewing with a strong water jet offers. That can already eliminate a large part of these pests.
In addition, one can spray infested plants several times with a broth of nettles or a lye solution or treat with commercial Neem products. In addition, the use of beneficial organisms such as the ladybug, parasitic wasps, lacewings or earwigs can be helpful. Depending on the species, they are applied either by casting or by attaching or laying out nesting boxes in the immediate vicinity of the infestation center.
Willow leaf beetle
Another pest that can attack this plant is the so-called willow leaf beetle. He can eat the pasture completely bald in a relatively short time. On the wood itself, this beetle usually does no harm. Control is possible only by means of a special insecticide. When handling or dosing such agents, you should always adhere to the specifications of the respective manufacturer and administer them accordingly.