The Content Of The Article:
- The mainstream hanging strawberries
- The emergence of hanging strawberries
- Hanging strawberries that bring the right harvest
- Plant and care
Many city people are sick of the bland supermarket fruits and would like to harvest on their own balcony. The limited space is gladly extended by traffic lights or culture over the balcony box of hanging plants. Therefore, the hanging strawberry has been an absolute sales guarantee for quite a long time. Below you will learn how to become a guarantee of taste for you and your family:
The mainstream hanging strawberriesThe hanging strawberries were multiplying from year to year, meanwhile one is almost killed at the beginning of the balcony season - but "access it immediately" is usually not the best advice: The Internet carries rows of photos of hanging strawberries (on Super Mega mail order pages) on the screen, Every Photoshop user should immediately see that they are too beautiful to be real. When the hope for a rich harvest takes over, it is no longer looking for the variety, but the home and hobby gardener lands on offers like this one:
Giant Climbing Strawberry, Strawberry Giant Red Climbing, 30 seeds, Product Description: Giant climbing strawberries, sweet and delicious. That's all, you will not find a botanical plant name, no breeding variety, nothing about growing plants and nothing about the trading company that can not be visited in real life anywhere. In the testimonials to this offer a customer tells of many strawberry plant after weeks of waiting, another has brought it to two intense yellow flowers and 0 strawberries, the third has given up disappointed - even such offers can yield plants, you just do not know for sure which (normal strawberries bloom white).
If you want to make delicious, rich crops, you should know which strawberry you are buying. If you choose a certain variety, you can decide later if the fruit will taste good or if you would rather try another variety next. Away from the untrusted strawberry wonders, strawberries are offered that are "bred" from two different types of strawberries (the quotes are further explained):
1st monthly strawberriesThe strawberry is a cultivated form of our wild strawberry "Fragaria vesca", which bears longer and significantly larger fruits. Monthly strawberries, which form particularly long foothills, are among the best known hanging strawberries, z. In the varieties:
- Fragaria vesca var. Semperflorens 'Blanc Amélioré' comes from Great Britain with white fruits of special size
- Fragaria vesca var. Semperflorens 'garden joy' comes from Germany, big fruits
- Fragaria vesca var. Semperflorens 'Magnum Cascade', easy care, harvest time June - October
2. Garden strawberriesAlso of our normal strawberry (which bears the strawberries, which you also buy in the shell in the store) longer-lasting hanging strawberry shapes were "bred":
- Fragaria x ananassa 'Hängerdbeere', sold many times, but not known as an official variety and thus again a kind of "surprise package", which depends on the exact product description or trust in the dealer
- Fragaria x ananassa in "Hummisorten"
- Fragaria x ananassa 'Hummi Praline' and 'Hummi® KletterToni' (also called Climb Strawberry Hummi Toni) are said to be particularly good as hanging strawberries
- Fragaria x ananassa 'ELAN F1' is a younger variety that is also available as climbing strawberry.
In addition, all remontierenden varieties (as the endangered varieties in the jargon) taste officially and generally worse than the normal varieties of garden strawberries. This could be read by the growers and plant dealers involved in the sale of such hanging strawberries in textbooks on the cultivation and marketing of strawberries (such textbooks are listed under de.wikipedia.org/wiki/gardenberry), which they obviously do not.
The emergence of hanging strawberriesA quick look at the history of the emergence of these strawberry strawberries shows you that in reality there are no hanging strawberries.
There are many climbing or climbing plants, across the most diverse plant families; in the strawberry family "rose plants" z. As climbing roses, blackberries and raspberries high out or anywhere "decorative hang".
Only the strawberry is not a vine or climbing plant, not a bit and not in any of the 20 species, so you look in vain for all the traders for "hanging strawberry plants" that are so serious in their profession that they forget their plant for marketing reasons rename. On the contrary, strawberry plants are quite down-to-earth herbaceous plants, 30 cm high is "mighty high" for strawberry conditions.
Hanging strawberries are therefore produced by tricky transformation of vegetative propagating organs: Strawberries drive from the thick, slightly woody rootstock long filamentous foothills, which usually "conquer" the soil next to the mother plant, take root there and continue to grow as a new strawberry.
From this you can make something thought in the 1950s, a breeder and bred an immigrating strawberry whose foothills hardly rooted, but over two meters long. On 11.01.1956 the mirror announces the sensation: Adolf Horstmann, boss of the large nursery Horstmann & Co. from Elmshorn, Holstein had bred the "German miracle strawberry". In the article, the word hanging strawberries does not occur once. The "biggest sensation in berry-fruit growing", in which "any further propagation is prosecuted", is from the then "Neckermann among the gardeners" (large shipping department, 360 employees) rather than "the first immortal Tripple strawberry, there in the world" presented. The named after his daughter 'Sonja Horstmann' miracle strawberry variety was registered by the breeder for a patent and a registered trademark, the breeding secret learned but even his best friends.
The real breeder Reinhold Hummel, who had worked 8 years on the strawberry miracle (a reason why he did that at least in the end "in strict exam" and for Horstmann, the article does not), betrayed not much more, only that 'Sonja Horstmann 'from a twice a year carrying strawberry variety and "American blood" was born. While no patents can be found for 'Sonja Horstmann', at least under this name, Hummel enters the new strawberry variety 'Sonjana' in 1958 as "US plant patent No. 1691". Sonjana originated from a cross between the varieties 'Holstein' and 'Sonja Horstmann', bears between May 25 and October 15, and is called "Climbing Strawberry" because of its strong, up to trellis or supports to be pulled up foothills.
Adolf Horstmann wanted 5.75 Mark for the new miracle strawberry, 1956, if one calculates the then monthly average wage of 403 Mark high, he would demand today 40, - € for the fruit miracle. Something has probably not worked out, the alleged 300 000 strawberry orders did not make him a multiple millionaire, but the Elsmhorner Nachrichten 1988 report the bankruptcy of the company.
Reinhold Hummel continues to sell, z. B. on the already mentioned page hummibeeren.de. The patented 'Sonjana' could be the mother of all the beautiful "hummiberere"; Of course, Mr. Hummel will not betray us, but you know that you are not dealing with a vine, but with a normal strawberry that only grows faster than roots on the foothills.
Tip: The genesis of the commercial garden strawberry strawberry also shows you which breeding area it is about: breeding farms that developed strawberry varieties for commercial fruit growing (which are also sold as plants since the hobby gardeners were discovered as a market). These fruit varieties represent only a tiny fraction of the strawberry cultivars, and they are known that taste is not the most important breeding goal (which in fact often stays on the stretch, as read in reviews on forums regularly read). Home gardeners who want to harvest strawberries with a strawberry flavor, therefore, look around among the approximately 1,000 old strawberry varieties.
Hanging strawberries that bring the right harvestEven private breeders have experimented with the harvest season of wild strawberry, but the taste "let". Enough foothills for culture in the traffic light form z. For example, the following "old strawberry varieties" ("old" as collective term for cultivars, which originated in traditional breeding away from chemical laboratories):
- Fragaria vesca var. Semperflorens 'Quarantaine de Prin', formerly a major French market fruit, today minced in tiny quantities in the Poitou region for the famous 'Confiture de Quarantaine'. Rare strawberry, tasty, long fruits, definitely worth the culture and rescue.
- Fragaria vesca var. Semperflorens 'White Hagmann', a variety with white fruits bearing well into the autumn, which are round at the beginning of the summer and elongated later in the year.
- Fragaria x ananassa 'Mara des Bois', aroma reminiscent of wild strawberries, "confectioner strawberry" for cake
- Fragaria x ananassa 'Giant strawberry from Romania', red flowering strawberry with a high ornamental value and bright red fruits
All normal strawberries form runners, all normal strawberries with vigorous growth "mutate" in a hanging beam to hanging strawberries. When it comes to real strawberry flavor and full harvest, you could try the following varieties in the traffic light:
- Fragaria x ananassa 'Thick Berta', robust rhubarb strawberry variety with strong growth, shiny red and very juicy fruits
- Fragaria x ananassa 'Macherauchs Marieva', delicious fruity strawberries with low acidity, which also tolerate allergy sufferers
- Fragaria x ananassa 'Russian giant', a Russian variety with huge tasty fruits, its strong growth fills a big traffic light alone
- Fragaria moschata 'Askungen', musk strawberry from Sweden with delicious dark red fruits
- Fragaria nilgerrensis, apricot strawberry, strawberry-like apricot aroma, very light fruits
Plant and care
The immortal varieties are rather easier to maintain, since they are all incredibly vigorous. Beginners can find out more about the details of planting and care in the articles "Balcony strawberries", "Sow and prefer strawberries", "The best substrate for strawberries", otherwise the following special features apply to hanging strawberries:
Since strawberries are not rank plants, they also do not develop tendrils, no matter how stubbornly their streaks are titled. Your strawberry plant will not meander around any trellises on its own (even if this is stated in the sales description). If you want hanging strawberries to grow in a certain direction (best towards the sun, sweetness and aroma) over the pot rim, you must force them to do so; install groundbreaking rods, ropes, cords and tie the footholds delicately to them. In the process, you can think twice about making the strawberry strawberries a part of the climbing strawberry by tying up some extensions on a climbing aid.
In contrast to single-bearing varieties, which are fertilized again only in the autumn after harvest, Immertragende are fertilized from sprouting in the spring. Depending on the growth power every two or even once a week, more about the recommended fertilizer, see the article "fertilize strawberries properly".
Tip: If you remove all flowers that appear before the beginning of June, the plant forms more foothills and bears more fruit.
overwinterFor commercial varieties only 2 to 3 years makes sense, because the plants are then exhausted. Some old cultivars should bring good harvest up to a decade. Whether you remove harvested offshoots after harvest or only in the spring, is a matter of taste, see also the paragraph "balcony strawberries overwinter".
The plants are usually uncritical hardy (if an exotic variety is sensitive in this regard, you will be advised in the description). However, strawberries in hanging teams do not have the earth volume of a strawberry in the garden around them and need some protection in winter, on the balcony you can use the pots z. B. wrap with bubble wrap or other insulating material and hang close to the wall.
Tip: Frost-free wintering in the winter garden (hallway), where you can rooted at the end of life of the first strawberry plants also streamer for the next season in the pot (even in winter watering something).