Winter-hard ornamental grasses and grasses for balcony and garden

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Ornamental grasses belong as herbaceous plants to the perennials, which can be planted both in the garden and on the balcony and terrace. In particular, the perennial, winter hardy ornamental grasses are extremely grateful pets, with which you can put in the outdoors, even in the cold season sexy accents.
Some grasses are especially beautiful under a cool coat of hoarfrost and unfold their full splendor when their colored leaves protrude in contrast from the snow cover. To have untroubled enjoyment of ornamental grasses, you should familiarize yourself with their family characteristics before selecting them.
The families of the grasses
Grasses, which are referred to as ornamental grasses, are among the monocotyledonous plants. They have a stalk with long, narrow leaves and inflorescences in the shape of panicles or ears. The genus of grasses is divided into three families:
Grasses or real grasses (Poaceae)

  • bamboo
  • Grain
  • ornamental grasses
  • lawn grasses
Ried or sour grasses (Cyperaceae)
  • Cyprus grass (Cyperus)
  • Sedges (Carex)
Rushes (Junaceae)
  • Marble / Hainsimsen (Luzula)
  • Rushes (Juncus)
This is how ornamental grasses multiply
Grasses can multiply or expand with the help of the wind both over their seeds and over their roots. The host-forming ornamental grasses include:
  • Fox-red sedge (Carex buchananii)
  • Jade bamboo or red straw umbrella bamboo (Fargesia jiuzhaigou)
  • Mountain Riding Grass (Calamagrostis varia)
For grasses that have the ability to propagate through their roots, a distinction is made between ornamental grasses, the roots of which form a horst and those that extend over rhizomes called shoot roots. If you want to avoid the uncontrolled proliferation of ornamental grasses in the garden, which form rhizomes, it is recommended to insert a so-called rhizome barrier in the soil or to plant the ornamental grass in the tub. Rhizome-forming grasses are for example:
  • Dwarf Bamboo (Pleioblastus pumilus)
  • Black bamboo (Phyllostachys nigra)
  • many more Phyllostachys and Pseudosasa species
Grassland grasses in every season
At which location certain ornamental grasses feel comfortable and particularly well, depends on their nature and their demands on light and soil conditions. Before selecting your ornamental grasses for your balcony or garden, find out about their natural habitat and the prevailing conditions there. This is how to find the perfect ornamental grass species for the location and soil you are looking for.
Optical aspects
Many ornamental grasses come in groups planted well, while others act as a solitary plants particularly impressive. Depending on their growth habit and height, ornamental grasses can be used as ground cover, form a charming bank planting for the garden pond or even serve well in winter as a screen. Also for greening of dry stone walls and roofs make some ornamental grasses very well. For example, the following ornamental grasses are suitable as groundcover:
  • Bearskin fuzz (Festuca gautieri. scoparia)
  • Japansegge (Carex morrowii 'Variegata')
  • Palm fragrant grass (Carex muskingumensis)
  • Silver heron feather (Festuca cinera)
  • Angle Segments (Carex rimota)
  • medium-high ornamental grasses for perennial borders
  • Millet (Panicum virgatum)
  • Low Elephant Grasses (Miscanthus sinensis)
  • Riding grass (Calamgrostis acutiflora)
  • Red-ray bush (Panicum virgatum)
  • Schmiele (Deschampsia caespitosa)

As a screen or imposing specimen plants are suitable:

  • Bamboo (various high-growing species)
  • Miscanthus (Miscanthus chinensis)
  • Elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum)
  • Pampas grass (Cortaderia selloana)
  • Giant reed (Miscanthus Giganteus)
Tip: Elephant grass can be used in addition to its captivating look as a valuable renewable resource in the form of heating material.
Even if frost rarely endangers the survival of hardy grasses, it should be kept in mind that they are more sensitive to plant roots due to limited space in the planter and more sensitive moisture regulation than free range plants. Therefore, it should be protected on particularly cold days, for example with straw or a coconut mat around the plant container. A location on a protective wall helps ornamental grasses to survive the winter temperatures easier.
Grateful hardy ornamental grasses for balcony and terrace are for example:
  • Bearskin fuzz (Festuca gautieri. scoparia)
  • Blue winglet (Festuca cinerea)
  • Fox-red sedge (Carex buchananii)
  • Yellow-green garden sedge (Carex hachijoensis 'Evergold')
  • Striped garden pipe grass (Molinia caerulea 'Variegata')
  • Japansegge (Carex morrowii 'Variegata')
Winter hardy is not the same as hardy
Even if many ornamental grasses are hardy, this does not necessarily mean that they do not need some protection from the frost during the cold season. For example, in the case of tall ornamental grasses it is advisable to bind their leaves loosely to a head before the first frost, so that they are not pushed to the ground by the snow load. The pruning of ornamental grasses should always take place in the spring after the snow has thawed. In addition to the attractive appearance in the winter garden, the stems of perennial ornamental grasses protect the rhizomes from wind and cold.
The water supply of ornamental grasses in winter
Some ornamental grasses, such as various bamboo species, require regular watering even in winter. Because of their evergreen leaves they evaporate water even at low temperatures, which their roots in the frozen soil can not replenish. It is therefore advisable to water plants with lukewarm water on winter days with temperatures above freezing. Dying off the ornamental grasses can be avoided in this way.
Ornamental grasses as a magical eye-catcher
Whether in the garden as a screen, groundcover or shore greening or to breathe the filigree life on the balcony: ornamental grasses are wonderful and grateful pets that delight the eye. If you pay attention to the needs of your ornamental grasses, you will enjoy them a lot.
Worth knowing about hardy ornamental grasses soon
  • Moisture protection: Permanently wet earth damages many ornamental grasses. Pots should therefore be placed on feet or bricks so that they also dry quickly. The ground clearance isolated at the same time. Avoid sites under dripping roofs for grasses!
  • Protection against cold: The dry stalks remain during the winter, because they provide natural protection to their own roots. Their ears are popular with many birds as winter food. Therefore, tie the clumps together to scoop. Only in the spring before the new budding you remove the straw. For larger grasses bind the head together and lay dry leaves around the sensitive eyrie (cover with brushwood). Smaller grasses also need a leaf pad. Binding is not a must here.
  • Tip at the end: with colorful bows grasses (such as miscanthus) to a witty and very creative eye-catcher. Not only does it look great, it protects the sensitive middle of the grasses, that is the heart, from Grief Frost.

Video Board: Most Effective Way Of Growing Ornamental Grasses - Ornamental Grasses Growing And Gardening Tips.

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