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Gooseberries also thrive in partial shade, for example in front of a southwest facing wall. Spread the shoots fan-shaped on bamboo sticks, then even prickly varieties can be harvested safely
Easy-care shrub berries should not be missing in any garden. The sweet and sour fruits invite you to snack and usually there is enough left over for stockpiling.
Red and blackcurrants are among the few fruits that can be described as "indigenous" without any restriction. The wild form of the gooseberry comes originally from Central Europe.
Blackcurrants (Ribes nigrum) are the most useful type of berry. They beat all other garden berries not only in yield, but also because of the high concentration of valuable ingredients by far
Blackcurrants were cultivated for a long time only because of their importance as a medicinal plant. A tea from the leaves relieved rheumatic diseases and was considered an effective means of blood purification. The deep black fruits surpass redcurrants, gooseberries and other fruits in the vitamin C content many times, color and other plant substances improve the permeability of the blood vessels and prevent myocardial infarction. Those who would like to make extensive use of the anticancer and immune boosting effects of the berries and who are able to make friends with the typical scent and the tart aroma, should preferably consume the fruits fresh. In France, one recognized the culinary value of the unappreciated "wild berry" because of its characteristic taste. For "Creme de Cassis", the shrubs were planted extensively around Dijon for the first time in the 19th century, producing large-berry varieties with a milder flavor.
Currants place only small demands on the location
Redcurrants / Ribes rubrum) mature between mid-June and late July. If you have room for several shrubs and choose the right varieties, you can pick aromatic berries until late summer
Currants, no matter what color, place only small demands on the location. Half-shady places between larger fruit trees are also accepted, but only berries that have ripened in the sun develop their full aroma and taste much sweeter. Some varieties are also offered as Hochstämmchen. For this one grafted the noble sort on a trunk of the wild Goldjohannisbeere. The processing station located high up is prone to wind damage, which is why the trees need a hefty pole throughout their lives, which reaches to the middle of the crown. Fruit growers draw currants similar to raspberries on a trellis. The benefits are obvious: The shrubs develop longer grapes with larger berries. In addition, the tendency of many varieties for premature flower shedding ("trickle") decreases significantly.
The earliest varieties of redcurrant already ripen around Johanni, ie from mid-June. With skillful choice of variety and space for several shrubs you can extend the harvest into August.
Popular garden varieties of red currant, such as 'Red Lake' are eligible for cultivation on the trellis as well as for the classic shrub form. In blackcurrants are especially newer varieties such as 'Ometa' for the education on wire scaffolding. The earliest currant varieties, especially 'Jonkheer van Tets', mature even before Johanni (24 June). Who has enough space and in addition medium late to late varieties, eg. Planting 'Rolan' or 'Rovada' may extend the harvest to August.
The return of the gooseberry
The gooseberry 'Redeva' provides only medium-sized, but very sweet and aromatic berries and is one of the best thornless varieties
Gooseberries had almost disappeared from the orchards. Other than suspected, it was not because of the arduous harvest. The imported from America gooseberry powdery mildew caused persistent displeasure and new, resistant breeding could change it for a long time hardly anything. Meanwhile, robust traditional varieties conquer their ancestral place. Rightly, because who could pass by a bush, without tasting a few fruits - whether they are still refreshingly sour or already so sweet and soft, that you can squeeze the pulp with your tongue from the thin skin. Unfortunately, only those who pick themselves can enjoy this pleasure. Fully ripe fruits are neither storable nor transportable, which is why you get mostly "green ripe" harvested, hard berries in the trade. Even painful spines (botanically thorns actually) you no longer have to fear.
White currants such as 'White Versailles' bear mild, sweet berries with a translucent shell. The French breeding, dating back to 1883, is still available today in many tree nurseries
Nearly thornless varieties such as 'Easycrisp' or 'Captivator' are no match for traditional varieties with defensive instincts of aroma - with one exception: the deep purple berries of 'Black Velvet', a barely cultured hybrid of two wild species, are so delicious that you can because of a few spades certainly not detain from snacking.
The harvest time is based on gooseberries and currants according to the intended use. The longer you wait, the sweeter and the more aromatic the fruits, the lower the pectin content. Therefore you pick for fresh consumption as late as possible, for the production of jam and jam is already harvested before full ripeness. Then the berries contain so much of their own pectin that you can do without the addition of gelling agents. Earlier, you put the first, still grass green gooseberries in sugar syrup or honey, thus ensuring the necessary sweetness of the compote.
If the berry bushes cut regularly you can look forward to the harvest of thick berries
The cut of berry bushes is best done directly after harvest. Every year, the 3-4-year-old fruit branches are cut off and the corresponding number of young, vigorous ground shoots are picked up. Cut off weak young shoots also close to the ground and cut into tight side shoots. Currants are easy to propagate with sticks, and gooseberries are best when using high-growth varieties such as 'Black Velvet'. The best time: September and October.
Currants in the pot can be planted in almost any season, but they are easier to grip if you put them, just like all bare root shrubs, after the autumn fall or in the spring before the new shoot. Important: Plant the shrubs a bit deeper than they have been in the pot. Because the flat-rooted currants can not tolerate weed being chopped in the immediate vicinity, cover the soil around with a thick layer of mulch, such as compost.
Syrup of redcurrants
Ingredients: For 4-6 bottles (à 0.75 to 1 liter): 4 kg currants, 2 l water, 2 kg sugar, 1 P. preservation aid (sufficient for 5 kg).
Preparation: 1. Read fruits, wash, drain well and pluck from the stems. Place in a large saucepan with the water. Crush the fruits with the potato masher. 2. Bring everything to a boil, cook for 2-3 minutes. Work vigorously again with the potato masher. Lay out a sieve with a clean cheesecloth, pour in the fruit pulp, catch the juice. 3. Mix the juice with the sugar, bring to the boil again, possibly remove any foam with the skimmer. 4. Stir in preserving aid in the finished, no longer boiling juice. Immediately fill to the brim in the prepared bottles. After cooling, seal with cooked cork, keep cool and dark.