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If you are looking for a particularly robust and hardy flower for your garden, you can count on the heart flower (Dicentra) To fall back on. This genus of plants has many different types, which can differ greatly from each other. They are either more or only one year old. They are particularly popular because of their often lasting several months of flowers, which externally remind the heart.
The heart flower, Dicentra is one of the poppy family and is native to North America and East Asia. The most popular heart flowers include the Bleeding Heart and the Dwarf Heart Flower. The care of the heart flower proves to be extremely easy.
Location claims of the heart flower
The heart flower does not place particularly high demands on its location. Consider the following aspects:
- ideally suited is a half shady to sunny place
- only in the blazing sun or in the deep shade the plant does not feel well anymore
- In principle, the moister the ground, the more sunny the place may be
- The soil should be permeable, loose and rich in nutrients
- The soil should be slightly calcareous in order to keep moisture better
- The plant should be a bit sheltered from the wind
- There must be no waterlogging and no high clay content
- also a moor-bed or suitable for planting
- especially popular is the cultivation on graves
- surrounding trees and the root pressure generated thereby pose no problem
Pour heart flower properly
The heart flower must always be kept moist. It is especially important to ensure that the tuber of the plant never completely dries out. Especially during the flowering period is to ensure sufficient irrigation. If it comes to a short dry period, the heart flower can cope with this, but it stops its growth during this time almost completely and stops the formation of new flowers. Particular caution is advised when there is a risk of waterlogging. Better to water the heart flower, Dicentra more often but with less water.
Fertilize the heart flower
Also with the fertilization one should work with measure. It is best if you fertilize something during a new planting and the renewal of the heart flower in spring. It is best to use compost that can be mixed with the soil in a slightly larger amount. This gives the plant many nutrients, but it does not overfertilize so quickly. If you want, you can also use an organic fertilizer. For special flowers, a special flowering fertilizer with a high content of phosphorus can also be used. This guarantees a very high number of flowers.
Plants of dicentra
Who wants to plant the heart flower in his garden should pay attention to some hints, so that he has something of the beautiful flowers for a long time:
- the best time is the late spring, because the leaves of the plants are sensitive to frost
- If there is still ground frost, cover the plant with fleece or clay pots
- regularly pour moderate
- plant in groups of 3 to 10 specimens
- Leave a distance of about 30 cm between the individual flowers
Wintering and reproduction of the heart flower
The plant does not have to be dug out for wintering because it is frost hardy. Unfortunately, the leaves and flowers are not, but these form back to winter. A thick layer of compost still protects the plant from cold damage. In spring, make sure that the new shoots are protected against frost.
The heart flower can be propagated by cuttings or by root division:
- suitable time for propagation through cuttings is after flowering
- Cut about 15 cm long cuttings
- Place cuttings in water in a light location for rooting
- Plant the shoots in humus rich soil after three weeks at the latest
- When planting in the garden, watch for frost
- the best time for proliferation by root-division is also after flowering
- Dig out the plant and divide the tuber with a sharp knife
- Immediately plant again in a suitable location
The heart flower is extremely easy to care for and only rarely needs to be pruned. If there is any blooming on the plant, it should be cut off immediately, as otherwise the plant costs too much energy. The plant can thus develop more flowers. The foliage should generally not be cut off, as the heart flower independently regresses towards winter.
Pest infestation and diseases
The heart flower, Dicentra is very robust and not easily susceptible to pests and diseases. However, here are some things to keep in mind:
- Voles can attack the roots; Clay pots that are embedded in the ground help with this
- if the location is too sunny, it can cause lice infestation, which can be combated with nettle broth
- the use of beneficial insects, such as the ladybird, can be useful in parasitic infestation
The heart flower, Dicentra is rightly a particularly popular and well-tried plant in many gardens in Germany. They are available in many versions, so that for each garden probably the right copy is here. The care of the heart flower turns out to be particularly easy. If you put her in a good location, she almost always takes care of herself. The heart flower (Dicentra eximia) belongs to the genus of poppy plants. Among other things, it is known by the name Bleeding Heart or Flaming Heart. Some varieties are used exclusively in the garden, while other varieties also thrive in the house very well.
- The heart flower is usually an annual plant of mostly herbaceous growth.
- It owes its name to the fact that the flowers look like a heart.
- Depending on the species, this heart may have a slight teardrop shape or appear in a glowing red.
- Due to some ingredients, some species of the heart flower can also be used as a medicinal plant.
- In the heart flower (Dicentra eximiaBe careful. It officially belongs to the poison plants.
- Unlike other plants in the garden, it is not suitable for the medicine cabinet.