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The New Zealand shrub veronica is also becoming increasingly popular in German gardens. The shrub veronica is also called Hebe, after the Greek goddess of youth. Why the plant was named after this goddess can not be reconstructed today. However, the freshness of her lush green leaves and her colorful flowers certainly played a role.
Properties of lifting
The shrub veronica belongs to the family of plantain plants and a total of about 140 different species. The plant can be divided into two groups. The large-leaved varieties bloom in the fall and can survive the winter. However, they do not tolerate frost. The small-leaved varieties bloom from the beginning of May over the summer. They too can survive the winter and are not as sensitive to frost as the large-leaved varieties.
The shrub veronica is an evergreen plant that can reach a height of 150 cm. The palette of colors of her flowers ranging from white to red to violet. The plant can be planted in the garden either directly in the soil or potted in pots or flower pots. What should be considered when cultivating a shrub veronica?
Location and ground conditions for Hebe
The shrub veronica should be protected from direct sunlight. Also she does not tolerate too much heat. She feels most comfortable in the partial shade. Depending on the variety, they can be exposed to the sun for up to three hours. Whereby the cultivars, which develop colorful foliage, need more sun than the others. As a location in the garden is a sheltered place with moderate solar radiation. If the first frost occurs, the plant should be taken into the house. However, they should not be kept in overheated rooms, otherwise the leaves of the plant will turn brown quickly. The ideal storage temperature in the house is around ten degrees Celsius. You should make sure that the room has sufficient brightness and moderate humidity. If it is not possible to take the shrub veronica into the house in winter, cover the plants with spruce. Due to the dense arrangement of spruce needles they provide good protection against the cold and at the same time guarantee a high degree of air permeability.
The shrub veronica thrives best in a soil that consists of a good proportion of humus, peat and sand. Before planting, they should mix these three elements in the same proportion. Before using the plant, put a few potsherds on the ground. These work as drainage. This ensures that the soil remains loose and waterlogging is avoided. When planting the shrub veronica in a flowerpot or bucket, make sure the jar is big enough. The plant needs sufficient space for development. If you notice that the vessel has become too small, you need to repot the plant. This is best done in late spring.
Care of the shrub veronica
- Especially on hot days, the plant needs sufficient fluid. Persistent dryness leaves the leaves turn yellow quickly.
- However, pay attention to the correct dosage when pouring. If you give the plant too much water, it can lead to a waterlogging, which in turn damage the roots sustainably.
- When storing in winter, make sure that the plants are watered as little as possible. The soil should only be kept slightly moist to prevent complete drying out.
- The nutrient uptake of the plant can be supported by targeted fertilization. Here you should use a liquid fertilizer in moderate concentration.
- The liquid fertilizer is added to the irrigation water every 14 days. Young plants, up to one year, do not need fertilizer yet.
Frequently, the shrub veronica is attacked by spider mites. If this is the case, one recognizes this by the bright spots, which can be seen on the leaves in the spring. These grow to light gray to russet brown spots. If infested, these leaves must be removed and the plant treated with a rape seed oil based insecticide. Also very often the shrub veronica is attacked by aphids. This can be recognized by the sticky parts of the plant and the curled leaves. In many cases, the black lice are still recognizable on the underside of the leaves. In addition to the treatment by special insecticides and the spraying with soapy water can help. A lye from Rainfarntee or nettle extract can be very helpful. The scale also likes to attack the shrub veronica. Thyroid decay inhibits the growth of the plant and leads to crippling. With a spray based on paraffins or rapeseed oils, you can fight these pests most effectively.The insect lice suffocate due to the oil. The leaves need to be cleaned after treatment with a fine brush or cloth.
The shrub veronica is also attacked by mold fungi. The gray horse proves particularly stubborn. A gray coating forms on the leaves or other parts of the plant. The affected parts of the plant must then be removed. As a precautionary measure, you can protect your plants against the infestation of mold with a natural tonic containing extracts of horsetail and rock flour.
If the plant does not develop properly and the color of the leaves is rather pale, then there is usually no pest infestation. Rather, the chosen location of the plant is not yet optimal or it is not sufficiently fertilized. So with little effort the problem can be solved.
Worth knowing about Hebe soon
The shrub veronica is a robust plant that needs only relatively little effort in the care. This makes it an ideal plant for any garden with its colorful and decorative inflorescences. It occurs in many different ways and can be used individually. Basically, you can divide the hoist into two big groups:
- evergreen and hardy lifting
- flowering lifting (or Veronika)
- propagation: If you want to multiply Hebe yourself, you should not do that with the cuttings propagation if possible.
- Diseases: Specifically, the Veronika species are particularly susceptible to mold. To prevent this, it is advisable to use pure, young plants as a basis.
- Location: The most sensible place for most types of lifting is a bit cool, but with a lot of light. However, the direct sunlight should be avoided if possible.
- Wintering: The dwarf varieties are almost completely hardy. They only need to be protected during extreme frosts. The best way to protect the bale in the winter with brushwood.
- Fertilization: While most Hebe species manage with little fertilizer and are even sensitive to over-fertilization, the Veronika species need as many fertilizers as possible for one to two weeks. However, this should not be too nitrogenous.