The Content Of The Article:
- Stinking hellebore in the garden
- Stinking hellebore as a medicinal plant
- Stinking hellebore as a bee pasture
Many of the plants growing in nature or garden have amazing properties that few people are aware of. One of them is the stinking hellebore.
ButtercupThe stinking hellebore (Helleborus foetidus) is a plant of the family Hahnenfußgewächse. As your name implies, the plant exudes a not very pleasant smell, the unpleasant Odeur rises from the leaves. The Latin name also indicates this property, foetida means "stinking". Like other plants with this Latin term as a name appendix the stinking Nieswurz in the German translation is attributed to the devil. In addition to devil's herbals, names such as bear's foot and fire herb, rufous or wolf's tooth are also known.
The stinking hellebore is located in the middle of Europe and in the south, farther to the east than here we can hardly find it anymore. He feels well in forests and at the edge of the forest, he also likes to grow next to or among native shrubs.
Stinking hellebore in the gardenDespite its unflattering nicknames, the stinking hellebore developed into a popular garden plant; So many plants do not exist, which produce flowers in our latitudes even in winter. One of them is the hellebore relative Christrose, who took its name from the winter flower - it smells better.
But the stinking hellebore has the advantage that it can best cope with all sunbeams and dry earth. He is the robust plant for those who want evergreens and flowers in winter and never complaints. The shrubs fit well in size in our gardens, 60 - 90 centimeters have space in the smallest front yard and do not go under in the park.
- The stinking hellebore likes calcareous soil, like loam or loess, also loosely should be the soil.
- He wants more humidity than too little, extreme frosts, he can not stand it any longer.
- Partial shade is his favorite, so he is the ideal planting for higher plants, so he grows well in nature.
Otherwise, the stinking hellebore makes little demands, he would rather be left alone. He can resent transplanting to a new place as well as all soil improvement measures that come too close to his sensitive roots (chopping, digging up). The foliage of the plants above it does not have to be eliminated, the hellebore is happy about this winter blanket. However, he likes nutrients in the soil, in addition to the soil-improving mulch, it is recommended to use long-term flower fertilizer or compost in spring.
- When the hellebore feels good, it often sows itself. In general, it forms several shoots, which take some time to flower maturity.
- When the seeds are scattered, these shoots die. Before, new side shoots form, which will soon bring new flowers.
- Blossom approaches are usually already in the fall, the flowers then open from late winter to spring. Then they appear the same tufted, usually light green, occasionally with a reddish edge.
- The hellebore must not be pruned, only after flowering you can cut unattractive leaves.
Stinking hellebore as a medicinal plantAs a medicinal plant, the Stinking hellebore was used in the former folk medicine, for example, as an emetics, for removal and as a worming cure.
Although hellebore is still praised as a remedy in many places, today it is no longer used medicinally because of its toxic components. All plant parts are highly poisonous, and there are several poisons that make the healer here to create. Disclosed are saponins, bufadienolide, protoanemonin, helleborein and aconitic acid, with very contradictory statements about the exact composition of the ingredients. In any case, digitalis-like substances are included, which can lead to death by respiratory paralysis.
But there are other sorts of hellebore, which are more suitable for use as a remedy. For example, the Christmas rose (black hellebore) is used in homeopathy, albeit as cautiously as the application of thimble requires. White hellebore, which is native to the northwestern US mountain range, has been discovered to have an anti-carcinogenic ingredient.
Stinking hellebore as a bee pasture
If you can not use the stinking hellebore for your own healing, he contributes at least as a sought-after bee pasture to the healing of nature. Because the pollinating insects are getting less, each pollinator contributes to biodiversity. The nice thing about it is that the nectar of stinking hellebore is only accessible to bumblebees and fur bees due to the hanging flower shape. The plant has even come up with a special trick by using yeast in nectar to create friendly temperatures that attract freezing bumblebees.
The specialization on bumblebees and fur bees is beautiful because both species are already protected because of their rarity. An advantage for humans is that bumblebees and fur bees claim their territory against aggressive wasps, which become less in these areas. Fur bees and bumblebees, on the other hand, sting only in extreme distress (for example, if you grab them and threatens to crush). And even then, the sting would not be very bad, since the sting remains on bumblebee and fur bee and not as in the honeybee in the skin of humans, where further poison escapes. Allergy sufferers of course excluded.
If you want to do even more for these sympathetic guests, you can also plant lungwort in the garden, this is their favorite pasture.