The Content Of The Article:
- Size and types of herb gardens
- You should pay attention to this, if you want to plant a herb garden
- How to maintain your herb garden
- Harvest and use kitchen and medicinal herbs properly
Size and types of herb gardens
The beauty of kitchen herbs and medicinal herbs is that they need little attention to flourishing except for the sun and some water. When creating a herb garden you have therefore almost limitless freedom of design on a large and small scale. For example, a fragrant and tasty treasure can be planted in window boxes, hanging baskets, pots and pots, in the rock garden and in small and large flower beds.
There is also space for a herb garden on the smallest balcony. Here is a great vertical pot variant
Quite classic and practical is the creation of an herb bed, which in turn is subdivided and differently planted with tread plates, low book hedges or other room dividers. Herbal spirals add a creative aspect to the individual design. In addition, this type of herb garden is a real eye-catcher when the separations are made of different materials. For example, root pieces, natural stones or shabby-style modified and disused garden and household items can be used here.
Designed in a grand style, aromatically well-matched herbs can be combined to offer fragrant aromatic seeds in the garden. Supplemented with a seating opportunity to linger so you not only create a fresh supply for the physical well-being, but a retreat and Ruhepol in the garden.
Some of the best-known garden herbs (from left to right): lemon balm, yellow-green sage, sage, thyme, rosemary, chives, curry, wild thyme and parsley
You should pay attention to this, if you want to plant a herb garden
There are basically three points to consider when planning and implementing: How much space is available? Which herbs and how many of them do I want to plant? And what claims do these plants have?
As already mentioned, herbs are weak as a weak consumer, as far as the care is concerned. Nonetheless, there are exceptions and, above all, there are some differences regarding the location. Mediterranean herbs such as rosemary and thyme, for example, enjoy sunny locations, thrive there splendidly and also like to proliferate. Peppermint, on the other hand, becomes a true growth wonder in the penumbra, while basil likes to get a splash of liquid fertilizer in the irrigation water and also likes a little more water. Every plant has its own special requirements, which should be included in the planning for a successful herb garden.
So plant Mediterranean, perennial herbs like rosemary, lavender or sage in sunny, rather dry locations with nutrient-poor soil. Herbs with strong growth and large leaves such as peppermint, mugwort or basil thrive well in partial shade and due to the numerous, large leaves and the associated higher evaporation like a little more water. In the shade, typical forest herbs such as wild garlic and woodruff grow very well.
Whether you use your herbs in the bed, pot or tub depends on your wishes and the local conditions. Especially on the balcony can be covered despite small area all site claims and the herbs are within easy reach of the kitchen. Thyme and Co. get enough sun in hanging pommels and grow overhanging. Mints and basil get enough heat behind the parapet and are well protected from direct sunlight. In the balcony corners Waldmeister and Bärlauch find enough shade.
A herbal wheel made of paving stones not only looks exciting, it also offers ideal small beds with its small sections
How to maintain your herb garden
The right casting
From Mediterranean areas herbs such as lavender or rosemary need to be planted in the garden only in very hot summers additional water. Even in the pot, they require little liquid. The situation is different with basil and other strongly growing herbs with large leaf volumes. They evaporate a lot of water over the leaves and even in the garden regularly need water and some liquid fertilizer.
The right fertilization
Most herbs are weak and therefore need an already nutrient-poor soil. What they need, they pull out of the water. Therefore, a fertilizer, especially in the Mediterranean herbs is not necessary. The situation is different with strongly growing and, above all, quickly regrowing herbs such as basil, mints or parsley, which are harvested to a greater extent. It is advisable to use liquid vegetable fertilizer and about every two to three weeks to add a small amount of irrigation water.
Cut herbs properly
Mediterranean herbs are perennial and increasingly lignified, which is why a regular cut is appropriate here. Apply this in spring, even before the plants start again. As a rule of thumb, you can stick to removing one third of the plant. Where herbs usually forgive a more radical cut and drive out well again.
Pest infestation, what to do?
Fortunately, herbs are rarely affected by pests, as their essential oils have a scare effect on many insects. It is therefore ideal to plant different herbs, so complement this effect. Nevertheless, it can come just with chives or other bulbous plants to an infestation of lice. It is not recommended to use chemical pesticides as they may end up on our plates. Use home remedies such as nettle jellies or similar agents harmless to humans and animals. With some herbs, mildew can occur in the case of too moist / nutrient-rich soil. Since this likes to spread and a chemical treatment here is also questionable, they should completely remove the affected plant and dispose of it in the household waste.
Perennial herbs are quite resistant to cold in the garden. Some needle stick should only be used on newly planted herbs to protect against cold. The situation is different with pot or container planting. Here you should do some winter protection and additionally insulate the pots during the winter months. The nuts and bolts are protected roots, so make sure the pots and pots are protected with bamboo or coconut mats or other insulating materials.
A tube mat protects Mediterranean potted herbs from freezing
Increase herbs properly
Depending on the growth form, there are various possibilities of propagation in herbs. For seed-forming, annual herbs such as basil or dill, collect the seeds after ripening and grow in the house or greenhouse in early spring. In the case of woody herbs, cuttings can be excellently cut in spring, which quickly grow new root material in seed boxes and can be transplanted outdoors in the same year. Herbaceous herbs such as thyme or mints are easy to share in the spring and then release quite intensely.
To multiply herbs by cuttings is very easy and saves money! How exactly you should proceed, we reveal in this video
Harvest and use kitchen and medicinal herbs properly
Most herbs, such as basil, chives, parsley, rosemary or even thyme are harvested at irregular intervals and amounts. Just when you need them in the kitchen or for other purposes. You do not have to be timid, because the plants themselves can take a radical cut down to the base and cast them out again. Often they then grow even faster and stronger than before. For particularly fresh and watery herbs such as basil or parsley, the cut should be made as early as possible for use on the same day, so that the moisture level is still as high as possible. In the case of Mediterranean herbs such as rosemary, the time of harvesting is not as time-critical as the plant loses little moisture anyway and remains fresh for a long time even after the cut.
Dry herbs and otherwise use
As with all plants, the late spring and summer months are the most productive phase of the herbs. It is often the case that growth far exceeds its own consumption potential and the question is how to preserve the harvest. Probably the best known option for this is the dry, To do this, either combine the cut herbs into bunches and hang them in a dry and dark place until they are dry. Alternatively, they can be spread in a thin layer on a grid or wrapping paper and allowed to dry. Tasty a treat is the processing to own Pesto, For this you process herbs such as basil with oil, hard cheese, nuts and spices in a blender to a tough paste and fill it in previously boiled glasses. Also very popular is that Insert in oil, The essential oils are released from the plant and remain as a taste in the oil. Probably the easiest method is the fresh one Freeze, For this purpose, especially water-containing herbs that are difficult to dry, such as basil, chives or parsley.
Herbal essential oils are very flavorful and are great for putting in edible oil to give it flavor
Medicinal herbs as a tea blend or cream
It has long been known that most herbs also have a healing effect. In industrially produced ointments, creams and masks, bath additives and in many tea blends they are therefore often used.However, these things can also be produced by oneself. Base creams can be obtained on the Internet or through pharmacies and are then enriched with the herbs or extracts thereof. Sea salt blended with soothing herbs such as lavender make a pleasant and nourishing bath additive and herbs such as mint or mugwort can be perfectly dry and then infused as tea.