The Content Of The Article:
A herb meadow or its barren soil is a prerequisite for the prosperity of many rare plant species that are typical of such a meadow. The leaner or nutrient-poorer the soil is, the more species-rich is the fouling. The correct name for a flower or herb meadow is Magerwiese. As complex as the plant is a poor meadow, so easy is their care. In contrast to a conventional meadow, this only has to be mown twice a year, and fertilizer is no longer needed.
Prepare area for the herb meadow
For creating a flower meadow are especially little or unused areas in the garden. But also former lawns can be converted into a herb meadow with much effort. Important when creating a herb meadow is the preparation of the soil, which can be done in different ways. So you can dig the area about 15-20 cm deep, scarify or plow or you mill twice at intervals of 4 weeks. Sand is incorporated into the resulting cavities and reworked with a harrow to produce a feinkrümelige soil structure. The most expensive type of soil preparation is the complete removal of an existing lawn. This makes sense to avoid competition from turf grasses. The lawn, root system and possible weeds are pricked out and removed. To further deplete the soil, gravel and abundant sand are then mixed with the subsoil. This works very well with a tiller. Then the surface is leveled and prepared for sowing. Another method is not to completely remove the existing turf, but to let it grow through and mow only 2-3 times a year and no longer fertilize. This form of soil preparation is only suitable for older lawn colors and soils that were not or only minimally fertilized. Within a few years, the soil is becoming increasingly dense and the wildflowers are becoming more and more competitive. However, that requires a certain amount of patience.
Tip: You can also lighten garden soil and prepare it for planting a herb meadow by cultivating potatoes on the area in question one year before. Potatoes are heavy eaters and extract a lot of nutrients from the soil.
Sowing of the Magerwiese
- Before sowing it is advisable to let the soil rest for about 3-4 weeks.
- Then level the surface first and then finely sharpen it.
- Thoroughly remove larger stones and root systems, especially from couch grass and winds.
- Best sowing time is between mid-April and mid-June.
- Ideally, distribute the seeds once in the longitudinal and transverse directions on the surface.
- This is more uniform when you mix the seeds with some fine sand, e.g. Bird sand mixes.
- Then you roll the complete area.
- Seeds should never be caught with a rake or rake.
- Once covered with soil more than 1 cm thick, the seeds can not germinate.
- It usually takes up to 8 weeks for germination.
- Most meadow flowers do not flower until the following year.
Selection of seeds
The seed mixture should always be adapted to the respective location or soil and should be as typical of the region as possible. Many resort to a commercial seed mixture. Of course, you can also put together your own mixture or put some seedlings in between, which is more labor-intensive. Finished mixtures often do not form a varied herbal image or contain mostly non-native plants that remain year old due to lack of pollinators and not survive the first winter. It's best to seek advice before resorting to ready mixes. For self-assembled mixtures u.a. Frühlingsschlüsselblume, Margarita, Yarrow, Meadowfoam, Meadow Sage, Honorary Prize, Violet, Wegwarte, Meadowbeard, Frühlingsenzian, Bellflower, Bearwort, Meadowbill, Broom Heath, Besenginster, Snow Heath, Meadow Oat, Wild Strawberry, Bearberry, Hot Buttercup, Adonis, Marigold, Blue Cornflower, Mullein, Use wild thyme, heather, golden poppy, ebony or evening primrose, just to name a few. If this is too expensive for you, you can also buy herb seeds from various types of herbs, then combine them together and put together your own herb meadow.
Tip: If you buy ready mixes from the retailer, you should definitely pay attention to the composition of the seed.
Care of the herb meadow in the year of sowing
The soil for a herb meadow should not be too humid and the location should be best sunny and not too shady. In the year of sowing, it happens very often that annual, undesirable 'weeds' spread on the area. If this is the case, it is important to prevent these plants from becoming segregated and expanding even further. As a result, once the plants are about 10 cm high, they mow the area, the so-called 'weed cut'. After a few weeks, the whole thing is repeated, so that a maximum of three cuts are made during the seeding year. It is advisable to wait for the mowing a good weather period. After the cut you leave the clippings for about three days on the surface and dry. Meanwhile, you turn the whole thing several times, so that existing seeds can still fail. From the second year you mow the meadow only twice, about in July and September. Otherwise patience and perseverance are needed, because a meadow needs time to develop magnificently.
Tip: Specially proliferating species such as winds or thistles should be pulled out despite everything from time to time. You should definitely not go into seeds. What characterizes a lush or herb meadow
A mound or herb meadow is a perennial community of different plant species. These herbs and grasses have plenty of time to reach seed maturity until they are mown. The prerequisite for the emergence of a meadow rich in herbs and flowers is a lean or nutrient-poor soil. The respective plant stock varies according to density, species and height. The stock structure can be regulated by the frequency and timing of the cut. Mowing is basically only after flowering, so that a meadow can arise at all, which is usually more beautiful over the years.
A herb meadow provides a habitat for numerous plants and insects. The nutrient-poorer the soil is, the more different plant species can settle on it. The plant of a herb or lean meadow is sometimes quite expensive in contrast to the care. But finally, year after year, you are rewarded for your efforts with a lush and varied flowering.