Herbs and spices in the apartment / kitchen pull

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Herbs in the kitchen

Fresh herbs refine the menu with a spicy flavor and also have many health-promoting properties. However, a garden is not always available for planting, and there is a forced winter break in the cold season. In these cases it makes sense to pull herbs and spices in the home and / or in the kitchen and harvest directly if necessary. In this way, the hobby chef can prepare fresh herbs for cooking all year round.
Location & Planting Substrate
The cultivation of herbs on a windowsill allows the harvest of fresh herbs for the kitchen, without seasonal restrictions. The sun, the incidence of light, the constant room temperatures and the absence of onset of winter guarantee a continuously lasting herbal growth in living areas. In this way, no one needs to resort to dried and frozen herbs during the cold winter season, but can use freshly harvested and home-grown herbs to taste their favorite dishes. If a pet lives in the household, which likes to play with plants and herbs, then a higher placed location should be selected, which the animal can not reach. The following aspects are to be considered at the location and the planting substrate:
  • Sort herbs according to site requirements and soil quality
  • Choose suitable planters
  • Apply drainage under the plant substrate to improve permeability
  • For meager soil conditions, mix the soil with some sand
  • As an alternative, cactus soil can also be used
  • Use rich compost or potting soil for nutrient-rich soils
  • Sun-kissed herbs need south-facing windowsill
  • Install or hang up for strong sunshine
  • Scout out half-shaded places, observe the light during the day
  • When planting in groups, pay attention to herbs with similar requirements
Suitable herbs
Fresh herbs still taste best, unlike frozen foods, they have a much more intense flavor. Of course, most native herbs thrive in the garden bed much better than on the windowsill in living rooms. But there are also some Mediterranean herbs, which due to their origin from warmer climes, the local winters do not tolerate well. These delicate and non-hardy herbs are better off on the windowsill. Basically, almost all common types of herbs can be used for planting on the windowsill:
  • Pay attention to relatively undemanding and easy-care herbs
  • Ideal for the windowsill are heat-loving, Mediterranean herbs: oregano, rosemary and thyme
  • Also well suited: basil, nasturtium, chervil, laurel and lemon balm
  • Wild garlic and peppermint are particularly strong
  • Parsley grows slowly
  • Chives and mint need cool and shady places
  • Always pay attention to the stature height of the variety and the appropriate space

Herbs on the balcony

Ideally, the various types of herbs are placed in individual planters, so that they can develop undisturbed. In this case, it is also easier to meet the different demands on the light and the soil quality. If you want to try something new, you can use individual herb stalks, which are placed on the windowsill. Unusual are also herb garlands, which hang down directly at the window and at the same time are to be equipped with several small pots:
  • Choose planters big enough for each type of herb
  • Ideal are window boxes, flower pots, hanging baskets, tubs and planters
  • Use matching coasters to prevent the formation of harmful puddles of water
  • Minimum size of the vessel in individual plantings: diameter of 14-20 cm
  • Very attractive are natural terracotta pots and brightly painted ceramic vessels
  • Vessels can be adapted to the respective room decoration
Tip: If you find the standard planters too boring in design, you can use original baskets as planters.
Temperature, humidity and light requirement
If there is dark lighting in the apartment, then this factor must be taken into account when buying herbs. In this case, herbs are used, which can do with low light and are ideal for darker rooms and window sills. So that the herbs in the apartment or in the kitchen can always feel good, certain temperature values ​​must not be undercut. Too high temperatures are harmful, so the herbs must not be directly above the heater, the stove or next to the stove.For the winter, not only the window sills in the kitchen are well suited, but also in unheated bedrooms and guest rooms. In addition, many herbs require a higher humidity than the normal room air can have. In this case, the humidity in the room should increase permanently. The following criteria are crucial in terms of temperature, humidity and light requirements:
  • Room temperatures averaging at least 18° C are ideal
  • At the east and west windows, half-shadows will find loving herbs
  • Put herbs on the north window, which make it cool and shady
  • South windows are ideal for sun-hungry herbs
  • Chives and parsley are good for dark rooms
  • Increase low humidity in the room with additional water pots or trays
  • Place the tray with moistened pebbles near the herbs
  • In the winter time frost-free, cool and bright location pay attention
  • The exception is the basil, the heat-loving herb needs temperatures of 24-30° C
  • During the warm months herbs move to balconies and terraces
Tip: To increase the incidence of light at the required time of day, there is a special growth lamp, which is equipped with a timer.
Pouring & fertilizing

basil shrub 42223184 fl

In contrast to the herb garden, room herbs do not get rainwater, so they are completely dependent on additional watering processes. Although most herbs do not require excessive water, they do not cope well with permanent dryness. If traveling often occurs and the casting units can not be performed regularly during this time, then ideally grow herbs that can do with little water and prolonged drought. Chemical fertilizers are completely unnecessary, they spoil the taste and are harmful to health. When fertilizing many of the herbs are also relatively undemanding:
  • Water regularly but sparingly
  • Too much water and waterlogging leaves herbs fast to rot
  • Drainage prevents over-watering
  • Ideal are small potsherds, which are mixed under the potting soil
  • Apply fertilizer once or twice a year
  • Optimal is compost fertilization or other organic fertilizer
  • Either fertilize in spring and / or autumn
Harvesting is possible all year round, but most herbs grow more slowly in winter, so should be harvested more carefully during this time. Fast-growing plants need to be monitored regularly and harvests harder as growth grows. The following procedure has proven itself at harvest:
  • Gently fold out the leaves of the herbs or cut them off with kitchen scissors
  • Always take the leaves below first
  • Do not pluck the basil leaves individually, but cut them off at the stalk
  • Never cut off more than half, so that the further growth is guaranteed
  • Already weakening plants should be allowed to recover before the next harvest
Pests & Diseases
Unfortunately, even the herbs on the windowsill are not safe from diseases and pests, they are quite often attacked by small flies and lice. Among the causes are often too high humidity in the kitchen, too strong pouring units and decay propagating in the rhizome. Therefore, the herb plants are really only when needed to water in case of need and in case of strong fly and lice infestation if necessary, completely dispose of:
  • Use casting units moderately, especially with Mediterranean herbs
  • In case of lice infestation wash off the herbs well and then let them dry
  • Repeat procedure for persistent infestation several times
  • Instead of normal water add soap solution in spray bottle
  • Completely spray the entire plant, including the underside of the leaves
Herbs can also be easily planted in the home and harvested quickly and easily if needed. Herb plants thrive particularly well on a windowsill with sufficient light, ideal are sunny places in the kitchen. Since the supply of water and nutrients through the rainwater and the soil in the room culture completely eliminated, these factors in the maintenance costs are included. As a rule, herbs are sold in small pots in the specialized trade, in this case they are to be transplanted into larger vessels. In general, almost all known herbs can be planted on the domestic window sill, however, the location requirements are to be considered before buying. Regular watering and the use of organic fertilizer support a rich harvest and allow year-round preparation of food and drink with fresh and tasty herbs.

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