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Hochstämmchen, or even called crown trees, have come in recent years very fashionable and you can buy them everywhere. They are not cheap, because the cultivation takes a lot of care and time. So it is no wonder that the culture of a Hochstämmchens in their own garden or on the terrace, is tried.
Proportions of Hochstämmchen
Usually it works quite well, if you bring patience, because such a tree grows only after 3-5 years, a really nice crown. Most high trunks are originally herbaceous shrubs that are cut into stems only after a certain size. This is an advantage for flowering plants, as they then flower at eye level and thus get better in the field of vision. The proportions between bucket size, trunk height and crown must fit, only then forms a nice contrast. The ratio 1: 2: 2 (bucket height: trunk: crown) should be achieved. The gardener must note that a trunk height of 50 - 80 cm does not offer the wind as much attack surface as stems with a height of 1-1.5 m. Tip: The trunk height can not be adjusted later, the crown height or width already.
- Strong young plants with stable main shoot are suitable for training to high stems.
- The side shoots are regularly removed until the desired height of the trunk is reached.
- If the existing trunk leaves, you must not cut them off. They continue to feed the plant. Later they fall off.
- Then the point is cut off and from the side shoots, which drive afterwards, the framework arises.
- Cut these side shoots again and again, so that they branch and a dense foliage arises.
- In this culture season, high stems need to be sufficiently supplied with water and nutrients.
At the beginning, the trunk needs a support rod, which extends all the way to the planned crown, so that wind break is prevented. In the growth but must be paid to the rod so that it does not grow on the trunk or is overgrown by the bark. If the stem then has a crown, a crown holder can not be dispensed with, because with large and many flowers the hanging branches can not support the load and break off.
Transplant high trunks at the right time
Once the roots have reached the edge of the pot, transplanting is the order of the day! The bale should not be damaged, otherwise growth will be delayed. The next pot should be 3-5 cm larger in diameter. So that the buckets do not fall over you take buckets of heavy material or makes it difficult to light buckets with gravel or stones.
Crop Protection - Diseases and pests
Not only a parasite can damage the plant, but the condition of the Hochstämmchens plays an essential role. In bad condition, the Hochstämmchen is susceptible to diseases or pests. Prevention is the best strategy against pests in general, because the tree gets too much or too little fertilizer, too much or too little water, lack of light or trunk injuries are not the prerequisites for good growth and success. Creating optimal growth conditions is the prerequisite for healthy plants. But despite everything - an infestation of disease or pests is never excluded. In nature, a pest infestation is also possible, but the ecological balance prevents. that pests get out of hand. If there is too much salt in the substrate with too much fertilizer or hard irrigation water, it may be that the roots go back, rot and the plant wilts, because too little water can be absorbed through the roots. Burning signs are possible and small growth with low flowering. Conversely, with too little fertilizer, the plant suffers from the same signs of dwarfism and little flower formation.
Since high trunks are drawn from various plants, no precise statement can be made about the infestation of pests. If one is not clear about the diagnosis, the pest is recognized by every gardener or flower center and can recommend remedies. It is important to learn about biological pest control, as chemical crop protection is very dangerous and must be handled in a very responsible manner. Organic crop protection agents include, for example, potassium salts of natural fatty acids against animal pests or lecithin-containing preparations against mildew.
Cutting and wintering of high stems
When self-cultivating the Hochstämmchens, as already described above, to proceed. When buying a gardener pulled by the gardener, make sure that the crown is tight and has no bald spots.Because when the "educate" the plant cut too little, you can not make up for this later, except by a rigorous pruning almost to the trunk. But no one who has bought a stump wants to do this, because the formation of a new crown is not to be done overnight.
Most Hochstämmchen are cultivated in pots, which are granted in winter. A bright, cool place is necessary and caution is advised when pouring! If you have planted rose stems, they are carefully bent down to the ground and covered with soil and branches, or protected by jute sacks.
Worth knowing about high stems soon
Terraces or balconies are the most common locations of the Hochstämmchen. The design options are great. Larger terraces can be divided with the plants and if the terrace or the balcony has enough space, a group with different trunk heights looks very appealing.
High trunks are generally a little more nurturing than natural shrubs. In small gardens, as a center in Rondellen or beds one finds more and more frequent high trunks. Also in the tubs on the terrace are high trunks. Angel trumpets, fuchsias, beautiful mallows and hibiscus - almost all plant beauties can be raised to a high tribe.
Underplant high stems
- The advantage of high trunks is that they can be planted with other, low-growing flowers.
- This results in a colorful picture, even if the actual main plant (still) shows no flowers.
- Remember, the underplanted flowers should have the same needs as the main plant.
- Not only in terms of nutritional needs, but also how much water they need.