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The honor award (Veronica) is represented worldwide with about four hundred and fifty species. He used to belong to the brownwort family but has recently been assigned to plantain plants. In part, he is also a member of the honor prize family (Veronicaceae).
Characteristics of the honorary price
Ehrenpreis grows as a perennial to perennial, perennial herb. Almost all varieties overwinter with creeping rhizome, the shoots down in the spring of ten to twenty centimeters with ascending side branches and erect inflorescences.
The leaves are arranged opposite and partly covered with stiff hair. The flowers are in a racemose, very short-stemmed inflorescence, which arises in the axilla of the leaves and leaves a little longer after flowering.
The single flowers sit in the armpit of a small bract on short, upright stems. The usually pale violet, rarely white, zwezipzipige crown is composed of five overgrown leaves and forms at the bottom of a very short tube.
In the period from June to August, the honorary prize drives countless of its violet blossoms and can turn green into fallow land within a short time.
The honorary prize is spread over almost all of Europe and the Middle East. In North America, he is considered native. In the garden less the real honor price (V. officinalis) or the Ivy-leaved Honorary Award (V. hederifolia), because they are widely distributed and considered as weeds.
Cultures are more likely species such as the honorary honorV. spicata), which, however, grows significantly higher and can reach heights of up to 40 centimeters, as well as the Heide-Ehrenpreis (V. dillenii), which is noticeable by fleshy leaves and dark purple flowers, but only grows once a year. However, both species are rarely found in the wild and were therefore protected.
Ehrenpreis thrives on almost all soils. Especially in the lawn, in sand heaths and pine forests as well as on fields one finds different kinds of the plant. He prefers dry, lime-free soil in mostly free locations, although partially shaded locations are favorable.
Ehrenpreis is especially suitable for the greening of gaps or fallow land. He can do that
- in rockeries,
- on sunny slopes as well
- under coniferous trees
Annual species are planted in spring at intervals of about twenty centimeters. Perennial species can be planted in spring and summer, forming thick carpets the following year. Several species also sow themselves, so sometimes spreading can be annoying. Above all, the soil should be well drained and have low nutrients.
For cultivating in the garden as a ground cover are especially suitable
- the Faden-Ehrenpreis (V. filiformis),
- the Gamander Honorary Award (V. chamaedrys),
- the Alpen-Ehrenpreis (V. alpine),
- the Leaderless Honor Award (V. aphylla) as well as the
- Eärliche Ehrenpreis (V. spicata)
Honorary Award requires almost no care. Only one-year-old species should be torn out and composted in the fall. The perennial species are usually hardy to minus fifteen degrees Celsius, so they do not need winter protection. The plants move in after the growing season and drive out again in the spring.
If the wild species spread in the garden, this can be annoying. Above all, the ivy-leaved prize of honor tends to spread rapidly in the lawn and on beds. If this is the case, it should be meticulously removed by thoroughly tearing it out with the root. It should be started as early as spring, otherwise it will spread quickly through self-sowing.
For cultivated species in the garden, care should be taken to ensure adequate drainage. For this purpose, it may be helpful to mix in the soil with gravel, so that too much moisture does not cause the plants to rot.
The herb of the honor award contains bitter substances, tannins as well as essential oils. In the past, the herb was used in folk medicine as an expectorant in diseases of the respiratory system as well as in gout, rheumatism and diarrhea.