Hops (Humulus lupulus) - care and cultivation


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Type / Family: Perennial. Belongs to the family of hemp plants
Care: Low. Easy care
Flowering period: July to August with green, pine-cone-like scaled, egg-shaped and hanging, pleasantly fragrant flowers, which are also called hop cones
Foliage: Large, triply divided, serrated leaves in green or yellow
Growth: Climbing plant, requires climbing aid. Fast growth, but usually only from the second Standjahr.Triebzuwachs can then be up to 10cm on hot days. Above-ground shoots die off in winter
Ingredients: Lupulin (see also history below), which is formed in the Hopfendolden to protect against animal feed and bacteria
Height: 2,50m to 8m
Location: Sunny to partially shaded. Normal, in summer always damp garden soil
Planting time: spring. Put the upper edge of the root ball or the bare root at least 5 cm lower than the surface of the earth and inclined at an angle to the climbing aid
Cut: When shoots have died dead. Only when ornamental hops in spring remove all shoots to 3-5 pieces
Propagation: Zimmerhopfen by Kopfstecklinge (see also reproduction below)
Care: Do not let soil dry out in summer. Fertilize every four to six weeks in summer or alternatively use slow-release fertilizer with a three-month working life in spring. Do not use nitrogen-based fertilizer in July so that shoots can mature well until autumn
Wintering: Is grateful, especially at a young age, for winter protection with brushwood
Diseases / Problems: No problem
Particularities:
In May strong pollen
Medicinal plant of the year 2007, which is also called green gold
Hop stronghold is Bavaria with sprawling hop gardens
Is very good as a visual or wind protection
species
Gold hops (Humulus aurea)
Flowers for months with yellow hops flowers. Golden yellow foliage. Cut back near the ground in spring
decorative hops
Height 2.50m. Blooms from July to August. In the spring, except for three to five shoots, remove everything near the ground
room hops
Height 2-3m. Houseplant. Partly shady light location. Can be well propagated through head cuttings (see also below propagation)
story
Who thinks of hops, is with his thoughts mostly with beer, whose important ingredient is hops.
But much earlier, the plant was known as medicine. Women used to collect the umbels to treat inflammations and infections. Only by the knowledge of the antibacterial effect of the hop the medicinal plant became interesting for the brewery, because the women mixed it into the beer brew, in order to make this durable.
The Benedictine Hildegard von Bingen already reported in the 12th century that hops kept the rot away from beer. It was not until much later that the other properties of hops that were of interest for brewing were recognized, which accounted for the characteristic bitterness and foam stabilization. The contained lupulin is a mixture of bitter substances and other substances that make the beer bitter
According to tradition, the English king George III. (1738-1820) used a bag of linen filled with hop cones for better falling asleep. The lupulin already mentioned above not only seems to be responsible for the typical bitterness of the beer, but also to be responsible for the sleep-inducing effect of the hops
proliferation
Approximately Cut 6-8cm long end pieces and place in a pre-swollen peat pot. With a flower syringe, the shoots are sprayed and finally covered with a plastic bag, so that a high sludge moisture is guaranteed. Whether the multiplication was a success, one recognizes at a fresh shoot and growing roots.
This form of propagation is called propagation with head cuttings and it can be done in the hops between February and May
use
Food industry
Most are known that the hop flowers (hop cones) in Germany after the traditional law of purity is an important component in beer production
medicine
An extract of hops facilitates falling asleep and both irritability and nervousness are significantly alleviated. Many ready-made products are available on the market, as well as teas with hop extract. Preparations of hops and valerian are particularly good because hops help to fall asleep, while valerian has a longer-term effect and thus contributes to a better night's sleep

Video Board: Humulus lupulus - How to grow important ingredient for Beer.

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