Peeling hot peppers from seeds - instructions until harvest


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Peeling hot peppers from seeds - instructions until harvest: plants

More and more hobby gardeners enjoy the cultivation of tasty hot peppers. But even people who are not in possession of a garden can grow the nightshade family. Because with an average stature height of about 40 to 100 centimeters, the popular plants can also easily cultivate in pots on the balcony. However, to ensure a productive harvest of the spicy pods, some grooming steps are essential. From sowing to harvesting - with these care tips, you will succeed in cultivating the popular hot peppers.

To win seeds

If you want to grow hot peppers, you have to choose whether to prefer the plants or buy cuttings. Young plants are already available from February / March in many garden centers and bring the advantage that they are already preferred. The disadvantage here is that the selection of varieties is usually considerably limited. Those who want to grow special or rare hot pepper varieties should consider buying seeds and sowing them. The seeds are available both in the garden center as well as numerous online providers. Alternatively, the seeds can be relatively uncomplicated, both fresh and dried peppers win. It is important to ensure that the fruits are ripe, because the seeds of green fruits rarely germinate. If the appropriate hot pepper is chosen, the best way to proceed is as follows:
  • Open pepperoni with a knife
  • remove the seeds with your fingers
  • distribute them on kitchen paper
  • and let it dry in a warm place
  • However, do not lay in the direct sun
  • because that could hurt the seed
  • Wrap the dried seeds in the paper
  • because this absorbs the residual moisture
  • and place in a closable container
  • then store in a dark and dry place
  • the seed is stable for around 2 years
Tip: When processing the hot peppers should be worn for safety disposable gloves, as the capsaicin contained in the fruit is very sharp and attaches to the skin for a long time.

The sowing

In the greenhouse, sowing may take place from mid-February, provided the soil temperature is above 20 degrees. Alternatively, however, the seeds can already be sown on the windowsill in January. Ideal for sowing is a window sill above the heating, as this ensures the necessary heat for germination. For sowing seeds are first required, but which should not be older than three years old. Furthermore, a seedling soil as well as a suitable sowing vessel, such as a room greenhouse, a growing bowl or swelling pots are needed. The first step is to fill the respective containers with the seed soil. Subsequently, the sowing of hot peppers is as follows:
  • Distribute seeds in the containers
  • It can be placed in a potty about 3 seeds
  • cover them with a thin layer of substrate
  • the soil layer should not be more than 1 cm thick
  • then moisten the soil carefully
  • ideally with a fine shower
  • then cover the container with a transparent foil
  • and put him in a bright and warm place
  • ideal are temperatures between 20-25 degrees

The Pikieren

Hot peppers - chili

The first seedlings usually show up after about 15 to 20 days. Once the first leaves have formed, the ideal time to pique the plants has come. Here, the seedlings are placed in their own pots, which should have a diameter of about 10 to 15 centimeters. In addition, they are no longer placed in potting soil, but in a humus rich and nutrient-rich substrate. Pikieren the plants is an essential step, which should be carried out very carefully. Because the seedlings are still very tender and can be easily damaged accordingly. The planting of the plants works best when the following procedure is used:
  • Fill pots with the substrate
  • Carefully remove plants from the soil and reposition
  • gently press the earth with the palm of your hand
  • put in a bright and warm place
  • keep the soil permanently slightly moist
  • then gently harden the plants
  • by being put outside by the hour again and again
  • This allows them to familiarize themselves with the external conditions

Location and substrate

Both hot peppers, which are cultivated in the bucket, and those that are cultivated in the vegetable garden, have special demands on their location. Because hot peppers are absolute heat lovers, accordingly, they prefer a warm and bright place. If the plants are grown in a too dark location, the leaves wither and fall off early. As a result, the plant does not produce flowers or fruits.In addition, the place should be protected from the wind, because the hot peppers like absolutely no drafts. An ideal location is, for example, the south wall of a building, which not only protects against rain but at the same time stores the heat. In addition, the optimal substrate is essential for the growth of these nightshade plants. Here it is important to pay attention to the following:
  • For the culture in the pot is commercially available vegetable soil
  • However, this should not be pre-fertilized
  • because hot peppers do not tolerate artificial fertilizers
  • The soil in the vegetable patch should be moist, rich in nutrients and permeable
  • In addition, hot peppers prefer slightly acidic to neutral soils
  • the optimum pH is between 6.0 and 6.5
  • however, the pH should not exceed 7
  • because it hinders food intake via the roots

Planting in the vegetable patch

Hot peppers - chili

Ideally, the soil is mixed with a long-term fertilizer when planting, as this faster and better rooting is promoted. The hot peppers are then preferably fertilized with a fertilizer containing mainly phosphorus, nitrogen and potassium. Suitable for this is a commercially available vegetable or tomato fertilizer. Alternatively, the hot peppers can be fertilized with stinging nettle, because it gets them very well. When fertilizing, it is also important to pay attention to the following:
  • Fertilization takes place every 14 days until the first flowering
  • the first flower forms about 3 months after sowing
  • from the fruiting is fertilized weekly
  • Before fertilization, the soil should be slightly moist
  • if the soil is too dry, the roots can be damaged by the fertilizer

The casting

Peppers are extremely thirsty and have a correspondingly high water requirement. In particular, from the beginning of fruiting and fruit ripeness should therefore be paid to a sufficient irrigation. For pouring soft, stale and room warm water is recommended. Even better, the peppers, however, gets clean and filtered rainwater. When casting, it is also important to pay attention to the following:
  • irrigate regularly
  • The root balls should always be moist
  • However avoid waterlogging
  • always pour from the bottom
  • take care that the leaves do not get wet
Tip: When cultivating in the greenhouse, the problem often arises that the irrigation water evaporates very quickly. However, this can be avoided by mulching the floor with grass clippings.

The pruning and removal of the royal flower

The cutting back of hot peppers is usually not required in annual cultured plants. However, if the plants are grown and wintered perennially, pruning before and after the winter months is advisable. A proven step, however, is the removal of the so-called royal flower. This is the first flower that forms the plant in the crotch between the main shoot and the first side shoot. The clip-off of the terminal bud has these advantages:
  • the plant has more energy
  • because she does not invest all the power in the flower
  • but in the formation of fruits
  • As a result, the plant grows bushier
  • and there are much higher yields

The harvest

Hot peppers - chili

The harvest usually takes place between August and the end of October. The longer the peppers ripen, the more intense their taste and their degree of severity. Whether the fruits are ripe, can often be recognized by their color. Because the hot peppers have a green color in the early stages, which changes depending on the variety and maturity to yellow, orange or red. If the fruits are ripe, they can be harvested as follows:
  • never tear off the fruits
  • because this can damage the shoots and fruits
  • but cut off the hot peppers with a sharp cutting tool
  • Leave the fruits on the plant as long as possible
  • Bring plants with unripe fruits into the house from mid / end of September
  • and continue cultivating on the windowsill
  • so that the fruits can mature to the end

The wintering

The hot peppers can usually be overwintered with a little instinct in the house. For this it is essential that the plants are dug out in time and brought into the warm interior. Because the hot peppers are extremely cold-sensitive and can already be damaged from temperatures below 5 degrees. After the plants have been brought indoors, it is first to examine them for pests. Infested plants should be housed separately and treated accordingly. The peppers are then planted in pots and placed in a bright location, because there may ripen fruit immature. For the hibernation to work, the following should be noted:
  • The location should be as cool as possible
  • Ideal are temperatures between 10-15 degrees
  • if it is too cold, growth and fruit formation will be impaired the following year
  • if it is warmer, the infestation of aphids is favored
  • sufficient humidity
  • no drafts
  • water regularly but sparingly
  • do not fertilize during the winter months
Tip: In February, the peppers are cut back, so that the side shoots have a length of about 3 centimeters. Then the plants are put into fresh soil, poured more and warmed up.
Conclusion
Hot peppers can be grown on the balcony both in the field and in pots. The care effort is relatively low, with the main focus on an adequate supply of water and nutrients. With proper care, the plant forms colorful, crisp fruits, which also can ripen easily in the house.

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