Houseleek, Sempervivum - Types of Succulents & Care

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Lush green or bright red - the color schemes of the Sempervivum species are diverse and can be wonderfully combined. In addition the Hauswurz is surprisingly easy-care and can already be cultivated with very little effort. Nevertheless, a few points must be fulfilled for his prosperity and the unfolding of his beauty. Interested hobby gardeners will find out which these are. And even the most suitable species are betrayed.
Popular species
The following overview shows only a small selection of the houseleek species, which are particularly suitable for the garden or stand out by their appearance in bed and tubs strong.

  • Sempervivum tectorum, also known as the genus Hauswurz and Dach-Hauswurz
  • Sempervivum funckii aqualiense
  • Sempervivum grandiflorum or Großblütiger Hauswurz
  • Sempervivum arachnoideum, also known as spiderweb houseleek
  • Sempervivum montanum or mountain houseleek
  • Sempervivum dolomiticum or Dolomites houseleek
  • Sempervivum calcareum better known under the name Kalk-Hauswurz
  • Sempervivum christii
  • Sempervivum gillianii
  • Sempervivum heuffelii or Balkan fringed houseleek
Sempervivum tectorum or true house root forms up to 60 cm high blooms and is particularly indestructible. Sempervivum funckii aqualiense impresses with its small, filigree growth and the fresh green color of the quite narrow leaves. Sempervivum grandiflorum or Large-flowered house root shows dark leaves and bright, large flowers. The contrast of the quite large growing species is decorative and appealing. Sempervivum arachnoideum or Spiderweb houseleek forms round rosettes, which are covered with spider webs due to bright spikes and hairiness. That does not sound appealing, but it is very eye-catching and decorative. Sempervivum montanum remains quite small, making the flowers stand out all the more. Sempervivum dolomiticum or Dolomite houseleek belongs to the rarer species of the house root and reaches a height of up to 20 cm. Sempervivum calcareum or Kalk-Hauswurz is strikingly colored and drawn and thus a great eye-catcher in the rock garden. Sempervivum christii has particularly beautiful flowers and develops smaller rosettes that are close together. Due to the decorative look, this house root species can also stand alone well. Sempervivum gillianii is a small species. Just up to 6 cm the rosettes grow in diameter. As a result, this houseleek style is particularly delicate. Sempervivum heuffelli or Balkan Fransenhauswurz is lively, in the truest sense of the word. The rosettes reach a diameter of 18 cm. In addition to these, there are now countless hybrids and other breeds in the trade, all of which have their own special charm. Looking around is well worth it here.
Above all, the houseleek needs one to thrive on the site: sun. And plenty of it. Sunlight is ideal for the plants. On the other hand, if the light is missing, the defect quickly manifests itself in color changes in the leaves. These appear gray and pale, as if covered with a veil. Shady places are therefore unsuitable for Sempervivum species. Against frost and wind, these succulents need not be protected, moisture can make them difficult to deal with. The optimal location should therefore be as dry as possible, not directly on a body of water or next to the rain barrel. A dry rock garden is the best choice.
Substrate and plants
The substrate should be moderately nutrient-rich and above all pervious to the houseleek. A loose, dry texture is preferable. Under no circumstances may the earth tend to compact. Well suited is normal garden or Kübelerde, which is loosened up with sand or gravel. Due to its robust nature, Sempervivum can be planted all year round, only frost should be the ground when inserting. Special features do not need to be considered, but it is advisable to deeply loosen the soil before planting and to enrich it with some horn meal, shavings or well rotted compost. After planting, alluvial water is poured around the succulent plant to promote its growth. However, the water must be able to drain accordingly.
Culture in the bucket
In addition to the culture in the rock garden, the house root can be pulled in the bucket. The container does not need to have a large volume, but it is easier to care for. The more substrate available to the Sempervivum, the less frequently it must be watered. In addition, hibernation is easier and safer for the plant. Special attention is not to be paid to the culture in the bucket. Tip: A drainage layer at the bottom of the bucket prevents waterlogging and makes the culture even safer.
to water
Once properly grown, the houseleek is very tolerant to heat and drought. Casting is therefore only needed shortly after planting and during long periods of drought.The succulent plant stores the moisture in the fleshy leaf substance. If it takes up the water, the leaves lose their firm texture, appear slack and often wrinkled. These signs help to match the right casting moment. If they arise, the earth is allowed soft rain or tap water. Waterlogging should not occur at any time, as the houseleek can hardly forgive and quickly suffer from it. It is therefore especially after watering to ensure a sufficient flow of moisture.
If the soil has been prepared with horn shavings or another organic fertilizer or fresh soil is used, further fertilization can easily be dispensed with. Especially in the bed, the house root receives the necessary nutrients over rotting plant parts and microorganisms in the soil. Further fertilization is therefore not necessary here. Different in the bucket. With this form of culture, there is less reserve in the substrate for the house root. From the second year should therefore be done in the spring of a small fertilizer. Suitable again is an organic agent, such as horn shavings or flour and compost. Alternatively, it can also be poured with plant manure or pond water or become a liquid fertilizer. The dose should be very small. If the fertilizer is missed in spring, it can still be made up for in summer. From September, the additional nutrient supply should be postponed to the following year so as not to disturb the preparation for the hibernation of the plants.
The propagation takes over the house root of alone. On the one hand it sows itself after the bloom itself, on the other hand is formed by the Succulent daughter rosettes. If you want to multiply a particularly beautiful specimen, you just have to be patient. If smaller plantlets appear in the environment, they can simply be dug up and planted at the desired location. Tip: If clumps have formed, they can be dug up and shared. This measure additionally stimulates the plant's own propagation.
The house root is hardy and can do without additional protection during the frosty months. Only when hibernating in very small planters, it is advisable to isolate against frost. This can be done with garden fleece or plant hoods that shield the pot to the outside. As a base, a piece of styrofoam is recommended. Alternatively, the Sempervivum can also be winterized in the house, where it is positioned frost-free in a bright location. Free in the bed, such measures are not necessary, even if it is a very exposed place.
After flowering, some of the rosettes pass on the house root, which is quite normal and no cause for concern. It is not necessary for the health of the plant to remove them. If you are visually bothered, it is better to pluck the dried-up plant parts with a strong, short jerk than to cut them off. The distance becomes more thorough. The cutting is also possible.
Conclusion of the editorship
The house root is a low-maintenance plant that rarely needs attention. Especially in larger rockeries or for the inexpensive garden Sempervivum is therefore an asset. The variety of species and different tones bring with it variety, and thus make it easier in addition to make a whole bed of house roots.
Worth knowing about the house root shortlyCharacteristics
  • Type / Family: Succulent, belongs to the family of the thick-leafed plants (Crassulaceae)
  • Nursing effort: low, easy to clean and completely undemanding
  • Flowering period: June to July with small star-shaped flowers in pink, red, yellow or white, sitting in golden umbels; Golden umbels sit on erect flower stalks
  • Foliage: evergreen; oval, pointed and fleshy leaves arranged symmetrically rosette-forming; depending on the variety, the leaves may be light to black-green, red, brown and also with silvery hair; Leaf coloration is most intense in spring
  • Growth: groundcover; flat depending on the variety broad or small bud-like leaf rosettes, spreads like a cushion
  • Height: 5 to 10 cm
  • Location: fully sunny, warm and dry; low-nutrient, well-drained, sandy and dry soil; is sensitive to waterlogging
  • Planting time: at any time as long as the soil is not frozen
  • Cut: no cut necessary
  • Partners: Cat Paws, Low Bearded Iris, Sedum and Saxifrages, Thyme; very nice as a combination of different varieties
  • Propagation: Daisy rosettes can be separated from spring to summer and simply set in a damp soil for rooting; also spreads by itself
  • Wintering: hardy, but strongly hairy varieties should be protected against winter wet
  • Problems: does not tolerate waterlogging
  • is also called rookery
  • Hybrids are breeds, the species is found naturally in the mountainous regions of Europe and Asia
  • get rid of the plant from time to time they are satisfied, irrigate is not necessary
  • fits in the rock garden, loves even the smallest wall joints with little earth or the roof garden
  • Perfect for gardeners with little time, since the plant hardly needs any nutrients, needs little space and tolerates dryness well
Varieties (selection)
  • 'Black Prince: showy leaves in black-purple with green tip
  • 'Noir: As the name suggests, it's waiting for you with black and green leaves that are decorated with red tips as a special extra

Video Board: Sempervivum Varieties (Hen and Chick Succulents).

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