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Many indoor plants thrive only when they get enough light, so they need a bright location with as much direct sunlight as possible to unfold their splendor. But there are also a number of plants that do not tolerate this well.
Most of them are originally from tropical or subtropical forests. There they usually grow close to the ground, where only a little light is coming. They are thus suitable for darker rooms or hallways, can stand further away from the window and feel very well in the shade of their sun-hungry relatives.
Plants filling rooms
Most houseplants, which manage with little light, bloom only inconspicuously or not at all. Their magnificence unfolds over the filigree shapes and colors of the foliage. Some of them are extremely large and space-filling:
- The room fir (botanical name: Araucaria) is a conifer that usually grows no bigger than 1.80 meters, but can grow up to three meters under very good conditions. The easy-care specimen plant may well be bright, but it does not tolerate direct sunlight.
- Also the dragon tree (Dracaena) can be 1.5 to 2.5 meters high. Because of its narrow, pointed to colorful leaves and the palm-like habit, it enjoys great popularity. It comes in many different varieties, all of which are easy to care for. Most, however, prefer temperatures from 19 to 25° C.
Plants with leaf decorations that fit everywhere
Looking for something smaller plants, the z. For example, if you find enough space on a chest of drawers, then the cardamom (Elletaria) fall. This Indian spice plant belongs to the ginger family. It forms strong roots just below the earth's surface, from which ever new 50-70 cm tall shoots grow with pointed-oval, green leaves. Cardamom has no high nursing requirements and its capsule fruits can be used in the kitchen. As very robust plants with decorative green foliage also apply:
- The Schusterpalme (Aspidistra) and the lucky pen (Zamioculcas), Both are very frugal, can grow up to 70 or 90 cm high, and thrive in the shade very well.
- The ledges (Scirpus), a pretty evergreen perennial grass, is very easy to care for, gets by with little light and thrives well on a window on the north side.
- On the other hand, Alokasie requires considerably more attention from its owner. The large heart-shaped oval shaped leaves impress with the veins dyed in darker green. The delicate ornamental plants attach great importance to a uniform soil moisture. In addition, they do not tolerate temperatures below 18° C.
- Also the 15-30 cm high growing arrowroot (Calathea) attaches great importance to a uniform moisture level. For watering you should preferably use rainwater, as this plant does not tolerate lime.
- The petite Schleuderblume (Pilea) forms on its oval leaves pretty silvery spots on green ground and can be well combined with other plants in trays or tubs. They are very sensitive to waterlogging.
- The Dieffenbachie, in turn, with its fleshy soft leaves, feels very well in the semi-shade, but attaches great importance to high humidity.
To make colorful flowers, most plants need a lot of brightness and direct sun. A few succeed in the sparse light. Without it comes the spinach (Streptocarpus) but not out. From the 20-40 cm tall ornamental plant there are many different varieties whose flowers cover a color spectrum from white to dark blue. They all thrive best in a medium-bright location without direct sunlight. For casting you should use lime-free rainwater. The piston thread (Aglaonema commutatum), which is more prized for its effectively patterned leaves, also makes an attractive inflorescence in late summer. The resulting berry fruits are poisonous. In autumn, the easy-care siderasis fuscata on hairy stems also produces delicate flowers in violet-blue to red-violet colors. Both types of plants do not grow too high and can easily be cultivated in the room. It is a bit heavier with the Rohdea plant, which is slightly too warm in the room.
While all previously mentioned species bloom rather inconspicuously and only for a relatively short time, the flamingo flower impresses with extremely beautiful and permanent flowers.The bracts on the shaft of the flower bulb shine in white, salmon red or dark red hue, while the leathery arrow-shaped leaves are dark green. Under good conditions it can grow up to 1 m. Although the elegant sunshade plants may not like the direct sunshine, it may already be light, otherwise their leaves will become sparsely long. They also value lime-free water and high humidity.
Traffic lights in low light
Some of the low light plants also do well in hanging baskets. The Efeutute (Epipremnum) makes long shoots with yellow and green heart-shaped leaves. The meter-long shoots of the climbing plant are well suited for greening of walls, trellises and wooden beams. In low light conditions, the leaves lose some of the light marbling, but still retain a rich green tone. The Efeutute is very adaptable, but feels most comfortable in humid air. The small periwinkle (Vinca) forms shoots that can grow up to 2 m long, are densely covered with small green leaves, and overhang decorative in hanging baskets. On the Blattachseln grow light blue small flowers. The plants like a well ventilated and rather cool location, but are otherwise relatively easy to care for. As hanging plants also the sham flower (aeschynanthus), with its attractive red flowers, and the industriously climbing Klimme (cissus).
Some subtropical ferns can also be cultivated very well in the room. Since they are originally based on shady forest soils, it seems likely that they can thrive well in low-light areas. In question are the Streifenfarn (Asplenium), the moss (Selaginella), the deer tongue fern (Phyllitis), the spotted fern (Phlebodium) and the hare foot fern (Davallia). The ferns are all relatively easy to care for.
Worth knowing about plants for rooms with low light
If you live in a flat with little sunlight, you do not need to forego the pleasant flair of green plants. Lush abundance of flowers is rare, but many of the shade-loving plants like filigree leaf shapes and patterns. In addition, most are relatively modest and easy to maintain.
For some indoor plants just a shady place is important to feel good. They ensure fresh green all year round in low-light rooms. Among the easy-care all-rounders there is something for everyone. In the dry heating air you should provide the plants for sufficient humidity. Water bowls on the radiators or a room well bring a lot. Pour sparingly with room-warm water
- Efeutute: The popular vine plant is suitable for traffic lights as well as hydroponics
- Chestnut wine: The climber tolerates dry room air and calcareous water
- Piston thread: Its oval leaves have an attractive silver drawing
- Radiant Aralia: With green and colorful leaves, spotted leaves provide color accents
- African violet wants to stand warm all year round, keep moderately moist, pour less in winter
- Single sheet needs heat and humid air, pour with lime-poor water and spray over
- Ornamental asparagus does not like to avoid overheated rooms, waterlogging and cold feet
- Green lily undemanding, tolerates high temperatures, abundant watering, but never too wet
- Klimme often spray at high temperature, keep slightly damp, in the winter pour only a little