The Content Of The Article:
- Step 1: Appointment - When is the best time?
- Step 2: Preparatory work
- Step 3: Auslichten
- Step 4: Shorten the shoots
- Step 5: Repotting and rooting
- Special case vase cut - How to cut flower stems for the vase correctly
Are you withered flowers, long carbohydrates and shapeless habit a thorn in the eye? Then bring your fat hen back into shape with a skilful pruning. The bizarre and striking growth of the popular garden and house plant raises questions about time and cut. This guide explains in 5 steps when and how to cut stonecrops properly.
Step 1: Appointment - When is the best time?When fat hens dive garden, balcony and windowsill into a sea of color in late summer, no one thinks of a pruning. In fact, the multi-faceted species and varieties retain their decorative appeal well into the winter. It is the shapely seeds that set eye-catching accents both inside and out during the cold season.
For the winter hardy survivors within the genus, withered flowers and seeds also act as a natural protection against frost and snow. So that a fat hen can overwinter hens unscathed, opens the window for the care section only in early spring. The following dates have proven themselves in practice:
- Houseplant: in March
- Bedding plant in winter quarters: before clearing out in April
- Garden plant: in time for the fresh shoot - depending on the region between late March and early May
Tip: Frost-sensitive fat hens in the balcony box or pot ideally overwinter in bright, frost-free winter quarters. From November to February, the succulents stay at 5 to 10 degrees Celsius and stop their growth completely. The care is limited in this time to a small sip of water from time to time, so that the substrate does not dry out completely.
Step 2: Preparatory work
- Sharpen the blades of scissors or knife
- Take a clean cloth or kitchen fleece to hand
- Moisten with alcohol or high percentage alcohol
- Wipe off the cutting tools thoroughly
Step 3: AuslichtenHigh fat hives, such as Sedum spectabile or Sedum telephium, can reach majestic stature heights of up to half a meter. Sometimes, some of the many species and varieties are prone to lignification and dislocation. For these plants, the third step of this guide is intended to rid them of ballast. How to do it right:
- Woody, cut off old shoots at the base
- Fringing branches from below
- Remove weak, thin shoots near the ground
Step 4: Shorten the shootsIn 2011, the Federation of German perennial gardener Fette Henne named the perennial of the year for the second time. The plant owes this title to its magnificent appearance, which hardly needs any care. Planted properly on a sunny spot, manuring and watering are of secondary importance. It is also up to you to decide whether you want to cut back the shoots or simply clean out the withered flowers. Experience has shown that a bushy, compact growth is promoted by the targeted pruning. This cut guarantees a perfect result:
- In early spring, clean out any withered flowers or seeds
- Optionally cut back too long shoots by one or two thirds
- Ideally, cut a few millimeters over a leaf or bud
- Cuts with strong sap flow cover with a piece of fleece
A shape cut is especially recommended when a fat hen develops long, thin shoots and falls apart. This unnatural growth in length occurs mainly during the dark season, when stonecrop overwinter as a houseplant on the windowsill. Under the influence of normal room temperatures and lack of light, long, thin anxiety impulses form. The damage is corrected by an immediate change of location into a light, slightly temperate room and the pruning down to the healthy area of the affected shoots.If the right winter quarters are not available, compensate for the lack of light with a daylight lamp.
Step 5: Repotting and rootingWintering, cutting and repotting go hand in hand in the care of fat hens. This applies equally to room and balcony plants. Leaving it with a pruning, it lacks the strained plant enough energy for the fresh shoot. Therefore, spit out the fat hen and remove the leached potting soil.
Examine the substrate-free root ball closely for damaged or dead roots. With sharp scissors you can cut out the strands. To top off, pot the plant in fresh succulent soil enriched with lava granules. Commercially available potting soil is too nutrient-rich for fat hens and causes a mastiger growth. In a lean substrate with a pH of 6.5 to 7.3, the plants develop a compact, stable habit.
Following the care, treat the exotic potted plant to a phase of regeneration. To do this, assign your stonecrop to a partially shaded, warm location. As fresh substrate is usually pre-fertilized, do not administer fertilizer. For a sip of soft water, the plant is now thankful.
Tip: Fat hens are suitable for virtuoso creations that are unique in the plant kingdom. Their striking silhouettes are set in scene by the thick-leafed plants in disused shoes, old zinc tubs or antique porcelain bowls. A little earth and a drain of water are enough to develop the furious fireworks of colors and shapes.