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Hydroponic plants have met all expectations in modern indoor greening. They score with a significantly reduced maintenance effort compared to conventional houseplants and create a healthy, vitalizing indoor climate. It has been proven that plants in hydroponic culture even filter out toxins from the air they breathe. This improves the quality of life and releases new energies. Get to know the best species for creative plant arrangements in living rooms, entrance halls or offices. Read about the care you need and how to repot hydropplants properly.
The following hydroponic plants have proven to be excellent in beautifying your rooms with invigorating greenery. Here you will meet a colorful array of beautiful foliage plants, frugal succulents and beautiful flower beauties, all thriving in hydroponics.
- Anthurium (Anthurium) - Colorful bracts in red or white frame an eye-catching yellow-orange flower. The flamingo flowers are hard to beat in terms of elegance. In hydroponics they bloom throughout the summer.
- Bottle Plant (Jatropha podagrica) - The succulent blossom beauty from the family of the spurge family boasts a bottle-shaped habit, magnificent leaves and a pretty, bright red flower.
- Einblatt (Spathiphyllum) - As a decorative and undemanding houseplant, the white-flowered leaf has won the hearts of hobby gardeners. Contributing to this is the flexibility compared to the location and the function as an intensive air purifier in living and working spaces.
- Basket Marant (Calathea) - Basket Marantakes bring vivid green to your home in a variety of varieties. They score with magnificent jewelry leaves that unfold even in low-light room corners. Cultivated as a hydroponic, they do their best.
- Strahlenaralie (Schefflera) - The tropical houseplant convinces with lush growth, proves to be extremely cut-compatible and at the same time filters pollutants from the air. In hydroponics, the effort for the already very easy-care Strahlenaralie proves to be hardly worth mentioning.
- Dragon Tree (Dracaena) - They carry even in shady niches the liveliness of an evergreen plant. Depending on the variety, shapely crowns develop over the woody trunk with richly green, sometimes margined leaves. As hydroponic plants, the frugal dragon trees are the ideal roommates for hobby gardeners who are still at the beginning of their careers.
- Palms (Arecaceae) - The large family of palm trees hosts a wealth of suitable candidates for hydroponic cultivation. Representative here are the mountain palm (Chamaedorea), the fishtail palm (Caryota), the gold fruit palm (Dypsis lutescens) or the royal palm (Roystonea). Although the yucca does not belong to the palm trees in the botanical sense, it must not remain unnamed here.
In the field, creeping plants colonize large areas. In room culture, they create the perfect illusion of a green waterfall when they thrive in the hanging growth. Philodendron (Philodendron scandens) lends itself to this, as well as the Efeutute (Epipremnum aureum) or the climbing fig (Ficus pumila).
Elephant's foot (Beaucarnea)A prime example of exotic plants in hydroponic culture is the elephant's foot, whose extravagant silhouette causes a sensation in every room. Since this plant species is one of the succulents, even the most forgetful hobby gardeners do justice to their care. Only every 4 weeks, this graceful ornamental plant needs a little attention.
Hydroponic plants are rooted in water rather than in soil. The substrate consists of a mineral granulate, usually fired expanded clay. This material is porous structured so that it can absorb and release water. This is accompanied by the fact that the plants develop thicker roots, which also visually differ from the root structure of soil plants. Although hydroponic culture is possible in any watertight bucket, special vessels are optimally suited to the requirements. This is a combination of two pots. The inner culture pot is usually made of plastic and has side slots for the roots and a clamping device for the water level indicator. With the culture pot, the hydropv plants enter into a connection, which can not be solved without further ado. With regard to the planters, there are no limits to the imagination. The proper care of hydroponic plants thus takes place according to completely different parameters, as with classical houseplants.
Between the inorganic substrate oxygen molecules cavort. This ensures that enough air gets to the roots so they do not rot. Using the integrated water level indicator, you can read at any time how high the water layer is in the hydraulic tank.Of essential importance in this context is that there is never too much water in the pot, because in this way the roots are cut off from the oxygen supply. How to pour exemplary:
- Fill the hydraulic vessel up to the middle mark 'Optimum'
- Pour in full sun or stately solitaires to 'maximum'
- Basically use lukewarm water with 20-22 degrees
Tip: In a recently planted tub, the water level is monitored with Argus eyes for the first time. Initially, the granules absorb plenty of water until it is completely saturated. For the hydroponic plant at this stage there is a risk that it is not enough water available.
There are two different fertilizer systems available for nutrient supply. Classic liquid fertilizer is dissolved in the irrigation water and manages directly to the roots. Alternatively, resin granules act as slow-release fertilizers, which are administered with the help of a fertilizer ear. For this purpose, at the end of the fertilizer ear, there is a bag in which the stock is deposited in order to release the nutrients continuously. That is how it goes:
- Add liquid fertilizer to the irrigation water according to the dosage instructions
- Regularly replenish the supply of slow-release fertilizer in the integrated device
Tip: If possible, do not apply the granules of the long-term fertilizer near the water level indicator. The beads could stick to the float.
Although the inorganic substrate is structurally stable, sooner or later, hydroponic plants switch to a larger vessel. This is usually the case when the root ball in the pot no longer finds enough space. Bumps on the culture pot are a sure signal. In addition, this care measure is advisable when the plant stops growing or reveals deficiency symptoms, such as discoloration. How to skillfully pot:
- The best time to repot is during the spring
- The new hydrofoil is 2-3 times larger than the previous one
- Spread a layer of expanded clay several centimeters high on the floor
- Grasp the culture pot with your hands and lift it out of the used pot
- Never remove the hydrop plant from the culture pot
- Instead, cut into the plastic 4-6 window with a width of 2 centimeters
- Place in the larger bucket on the drainage and fill with fresh substrate
- Pour lukewarm water to the optimum mark
- Refill the fertilizer reservoir
Tip: If an unsightly patina spreads on the substrate, this is no reason to expose the hydroponic plant to the stress of potting. These are natural salt crystals. The expanded clay grains just shake up a bit, fixes the problem.
Years of research have scientifically proven what has long been manifested in the consciousness of amateur gardeners: hydroponic plants create a healthy, vitalizing climate in every room. Although almost every houseplant is suitable for hydroculture, it is the species presented here that stands out. In addition, this modern version of interior greenery scores with a foolproof care, which is basically limited to the filling with water and fertilizer, when the supply tends to the end according to the display. An outstanding care measure is the correct repotting every few years, when the hydrop plant can no longer manage with the available bucket volume. According to this manual, even untrained hands succeed.