Iceberg salad cultivation - sowing, planting and care

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Iceberg salad cultivation - sowing, planting and care: planting

The iceberg lettuce is a further breed of lettuce and now also very popular. There is not much to pay attention to from sowing to harvesting. The salad may be brought into pots from March or April, or sown in a free-flow. It makes sense to sow this salad in stages, so this can then be harvested until autumn. The last possible date for sowing is therefore July.
Steps to follow:

  • The soil should be loose and nutritious
  • Sow from March to July at the latest
  • Remove weeds at regular intervals and loosen the soil
  • If necessary, fertilize with compost
  • always provide enough water
  • Protect against pests with cultivated nets

Sunny location is important

The seed does not have to go very deep into the ground because the iceberg lettuce needs the sun to germinate. For this a temperature of 10 to 15 degrees must be reached, so that the seed can germinate sufficiently. After sowing, water well and keep moist. Like all salads, this one needs a lot of water. So that the iceberg lettuce can develop well, the individual heads should have a distance of 30 centimeters. If the plants are too close, simply remove the weakest. So space is created and the strong plants can develop better.

Regularly loosen the soil and fertilize

So that the iceberg lettuce gets everything important, the soil should be regularly loosened up with a rake. Here it is also important that fertilizer is fed regularly, so that the salad also receives all nutrients. Simple compost is well suited for this and can be mixed in when raking. This also removes the weeds at the same time as it has to be done regularly. This was all the iceberg lettuce demands. After about 2 or 3 months can be harvested. Best of all this should be harvested like all vegetables in the early morning.

Pests also like salad

The pests also include snails. These can simply be collected, or a corresponding trap can be set up. What helps well without resorting to chemistry are snail hoods. These are simply slipped over the young salad and so the snails do not approach this. But even old flower pots where the soils are simply removed, simply put over the salad. Even so, the snails do not come to the delicious young leaves. Because if the iceberg lettuce is larger, the snails do not like the darker leaves either. However, if the garden has a healthy environment, then this also provides even in nature with existing snail killers. These include birds and hedgehogs, because the love in turn snails and especially the voracious nudibranchs. Nature can also help itself.

Caterpillar eats the salad

iceberg lettuce

In order to avoid these nasty pests in the garden, a cultural protection net should be put over the salad. This prevents the nocturnal moth from laying its eggs and the garden remains free of these pests. Since they live underground and eat their roots, there is no remedy for it. These cultural networks also protect other vegetables that may otherwise be affected. These pests are recognizable by searching the earth. If somebody finds such a caterpillar, it rolls up when touched. Gathering helps but is not effective. Therefore, the motto here is that prevention is better than no salad. But these cultural networks also help against aphids.

Harvest iceberg lettuce properly

To harvest the ripe salad, the head should be cut short over the ground. It is usually a salad that is naturally clean. In the true sense, this would not have to be washed then. But since we are so used to it, it can be washed in stagnant water. Then simply spin dry in the salad spinner. In the case of fly infestation, salt can simply be added to the water. So these flies simply fall off and the salad must then simply be washed again in clear water again. This also applies to aphids, who like to eat salad just like us humans do. Above all, this salad can also be stored easily in the vegetable compartment. Especially the long durability makes it even more popular. If the salad is already cut, then simply put in a plastic bag and then put in the fridge.

Easy care with good results

Whether preferred in pots or sown directly in the bed, the iceberg lettuce is not very demanding in its claims. Therefore it can be easily planted as well as lettuce by beginners. With this salad, there is almost a guaranteed harvest, as long as the pouring is not forgotten. Especially the variety of how this salad can be made, makes it so popular. This is also because iceberg lettuce remains crisp and fresh even after prolonged use.Especially when there is a barbecue, then the salad has to wait a little longer. With enough nutrients in the soil and if the weeds are regularly removed, then there is plenty of harvest. However, he should be protected against a sudden cold snap. Because everything that goes below 10 degrees does not like the iceberg lettuce. Contrary to his name, he can not stand ice and snow. So there is guaranteed always fresh salad from the garden.

Cultivation and care of iceberg lettuce

Iceberg lettuce can be sown in pots or directly outdoors from March or April. With him it makes sense to sow in several stages in order to continuously harvest fresh salad. The last possible date for this is July. It takes two to three months from sowing to harvest, so it can be harvested until autumn.
The seeds of the iceberg lettuce are only slightly covered with soil, because they need enough light for germination. After sowing, the soil is watered and kept evenly moist in the following period. At a temperature of 10° to 15° C, germination takes place within one to two weeks. When planting in the garden, the plants are placed at a distance of about 30 centimeters, so that each can develop a sufficiently large head. When sown directly in a bed, the weakest plantlets should be removed.
The iceberg lettuce prefers a sunny to partially shaded place in the garden and a well-drained and nutrient-rich soil. During the time in which the heads develop, he needs enough water. The regular chopping keeps the beds free from weeds, otherwise the iceberg lettuce needs no special care. Also, additional fertilization is not required if the soil is regularly supplied with some compost. The best way to harvest the iceberg lettuce is to cut off the entire head just above the ground. The best time to harvest is, as with many other vegetables, early in the morning.
The planting and care tips in the abstract:
  • Sowing: from March
  • Location: sunny to partially shaded
  • Soil: loose and nutritious
  • Planting distance: 30 centimeters
  • Ensure adequate watering
  • Fertilization: not necessary

Use of iceberg lettuce

Because the leaves have a solid structure, iceberg lettuce is not only good for making appetizers on the leaves, but also for burgers or as a fresh salad dish. In the leaves, the salad side dish can be served very well, of course on a small plate, or in a small bowl. The iceberg lettuce loves mild climate, therefore its culture in our latitudes is not always crowned with success. Cultivation areas are more Spain, France, Italy and the south of Germany. It needs heat from the ground and from above, so it is a bit difficult to grow. The iceberg lettuce is available in the supermarkets and the greengrocer throughout the year, even if the imported lettuce heads are offered here.

The iceberg lettuce is not only long-lasting (up to 2 weeks in the vegetable compartment), it keeps its freshness even if it has been cut. Simply wrap the sliced ​​lettuce head in cling film, then it will be stable in the fridge for another week. Iceberg lettuce is also natural. This means that the washing of the individual leaves can be omitted. The outer, loose leaves are removed before preparation and the salad can be wonderfully cut into fine strips. Who wants to wash it anyway, it should do better swimming. After washing spin dry and prepare easily, such as. Lettuce. Since most salads are made of water, they are safe to consume, they are not fat and are also low in calories.

Video Board: How to Grow Lettuce from Seed to Harvest.

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