The Content Of The Article:
- Evergreen leaf ornamental shrubs
- Deciduous shrubs
- Flowering shrubs
- Fruit bearing shrubs
Hedges and shrubs are almost indispensable in a garden. Here you will find some species, whether evergreen, deciduous, flowering or fruit bearing.
Shrubs in the ornamental garden are like the salt in the soup. They give structure to your garden. They provide variety with their loose growth. And for colorful flowerbeds they are the perfect backdrop in the background.
The different colors and shapes of the leaves, different flowering times, varying colors and scents of the flowers and the variety of fruits indicate a large number of these ornamental shrubs. You can choose low-growing, small shrubs, as well as ornamental woody plants that have a growth up to 2.5 meters or those that are much larger.
Most species are cut tolerant and can be cut to the desired height. Thus, many shrubs are also suitable as a hedge. We would like to introduce you to some of these ornamental shrubs in four sections.
- 1 Evergreen leaf ornamental shrubs
- 1.1 ❶ Boxwood
- 1.2 ❷ Holly
- 1.3 ❸ Wrinkled viburnum
- 1.4 ❹ Japanese Aucube
- 2 deciduous shrubs
- 2.1 ❶ Harlequin Willow
- 2.2 ❷ Barberry (Sauerdorn)
- 2.3 ❸ Hornbeam
- 2.4 ❹ Red-leaved Bladderwrack 'Diabolo'
- 3 flowering shrubs
- 3.1 ❶ Witch hazel
- 3.2 ❷ magnificent bell
- 3.3 ❸ Garden Jasmine "Snowstorm"
- 3.4 ❹ Wig shrub
- 4 fruit-bearing shrubs
- 4.1 ❶ Beautiful fruit / love pearl bush
- 4.2 ❷ Amethystberry 'Magic Berry'
- 4.3 ❸ Pfaffenhütchen
- 4.4 ❹ Ornamental Quince
Evergreen leaf ornamental shrubs
When all the other shrubs have already dropped their leaves, flowers and fruit stalks, then bring the evergreen with their permanent foliage color and thus structure in your garden. How about one of the following plants?
Botanical: Buxus sempervirens
The classic among the evergreen leaf ornamental shrubs is the boxwood. You can use it versatile. Do you want to use it for the mount? Then it is best to resort to a weak-growing variety. Recommended are "Suffruticosa" and "Blue Heinz".
But you can also create higher hedges with boxwood. Strongly growing varieties such as "Rotundifolia" and "Handsworthiensis" or the wild species "Buxus sempervirens" are available for this purpose.
Similarly, the targeted choice of varieties for the shape cut applies. So "Suffruticosa" or "Green Gem" (Green Gemstone) are ideal for small balls. For larger sculptures you are well advised with higher varieties. If you opt for variegated boxwood, then you must choose a protected location. These varieties are sensitive to frost.
Far more than 400 species belong to the holly family. However, from this family circle is actually only a negligible number suitable for the ornamental garden.
How about the holly "hedge fairy"? It is a very hardy variety and is particularly suitable for use of hedges. But also planted solitary, it is an eye-catcher in summer and winter. With its dark green and shiny leaves as well as the delightful red berries in autumn, the holly attracts attention.
Within 10 years it reaches a maximum height of 3 meters. Only half as big is the wide upright growing variety "Blue Angel". However, she only wears female flowers. However, it is suitable as a pruning for the male and fruitless strain "Blue Prince".
❸ Wrinkled viburnum
Botanical: Viburnum rhytidophyllum
The narrow, dark green leaves of the wrinkled snowball are highly structured, wrinkled and hairy on their underside. For an evergreen wood this snowball is incredibly hardy and hardy.
Its flat white Blütenrispen appear from May to June. In autumn, the first red fruits follow, which later turn black.
Before deciding on this shrub, keep in mind that the fine leaf hairs can trigger allergies. Also include the wrinkled leaves in your decision. Some find them ugly, others are just thrilled by this leaf structure. The shrub in combination with other evergreen woody plants such as Ilex, Mahonia, Buchs or Coniferen comes to the fore.
❹ Japanese Aucube
Botanical: Aucuba japonica 'Variegata'
The Japanese Aucube, also called Metzgerpalme, is a thick-shrub shrub with evergreen, fleshy leaves. The variety 'Varigata' has irregularly shaped leaves, which are yellow and speckled.
Because of the large, fleshy leaves, the Aucube is located in a partially shaded spot.If possible, a little sheltered from the wind. The plant is especially present in combination with other evergreen woody plants such as cherry laurel or lavender heather.
Another contrast is the bright red fruits, which form in late summer and stick to the shrub until next spring.
Caution is advised in the low winter hardiness. In dry regions, winter protection is advisable. In order to promote winter hardiness, the butcher's palm should have a sheltered and partially shaded to light shade from the outset.
This group captivates with its virgin fresh foliage in the spring and with exceptional leaf coloring in the fall. But many of the deciduous shrubs also produce beautiful flowers and bear fruit. You will find an overview of four plants of this group of woods here.
❶ Harlequin pasture
Botanical: Salix integra
With its white and then pink young shoots, which look like flowers, the Harlequin willow is an extraordinary phenomenon. Equally attractive is the spotted, older foliage. The Salix integra is a real beauty and a benefit for any garden, whether as a high stem or as a shrub.
Both in the sun and in light semi-shade she finds an ideal location. The harlequin pasture is also modest in its soil claims. On a sandy to medium soil and medium nutrient content, it thrives excellently. Much water is needed only after planting.
The spotted leaves are characteristic of the variety 'Hakuro Nishiki' and sensitive to the sun without habituation. If the location is too dark, the leaf colors will suffer.
❷ Barberry (Sauerdorn)
Botanical: Berberis vulgaris
A beautiful native shrub is available to you with the "ordinary barberry". This plant is also called Sauerdorn or vinegar berry. The barberry can be set both as a hedge, as well as a single shrub.
In the spring you can enjoy the yellow flowers, in autumn the shrub provides bright red berries.
The barberry does not demand high standards of location and care. Just as modest are barberry species, such as the 1.5-meter-high golden barberry 'Aurea / Maria' with its golden yellow foliage. Or how about the red hedge barberry (Berberis thunbergii 'Atropurpurea')? Planted in hedge this shrub provides up to 3 meters high protection against intruders.
Botanical: Carpinus betulus
The hornbeam is known under different names. Also called white beech or Hagenbuche. It is ideal for impenetrable enclosures. It also structures your garden and gives it a classic look.
The foliage is fresh green in spring and summer. In autumn, the leaves turn bright yellow and brown in winter.
Last but not least, these are the characteristics of the hornbeam that make them so popular: it is frost-hardy, shade-tolerant and easy to keep in shape. In addition, it is suitable for low hedges but also for walls up to 4 meters high. This brings with it the best conditions for visibility and wind protection.
❹ Red-leaved Bladderwrack 'Diabolo'
Botanical: Physocarpus opulifolius 'Diabolo'
Due to the color intensity of the red-leaved Bladenspang 'Diabolo', you can create great color additions to green hedges in summer. Their red to reddish-brown shoots and blood-red leaves form an extraordinary contrast to the green shrubs hedges.
Tender pink umbels appear on the shrub in June and July, from which red follicles grow.
This deciduous tree is vigorous and easy to care for. It can grow up to 3 meters tall and has an upright shrub habit. Neither on the ground nor at the location it makes higher demands. Even wind and weather can not do anything to the bubble piers. It is very robust and frost hardy.
It is mainly the flowers with their varied shapes, colors and scents that make this group of ornamental shrubs something special. We have put together a selection of four flowering shrubs for you and give you a little idea.
❶ witch hazel
Botanical: witch hazel
The witch hazel is one of the frost hardy winter bloomers. The special attraction of this wood is in the yellow to red flowers and their unusual forms.
The Witch Hazel does not set any special requirements when it comes to care. However, you have to be patient because it is growing very slowly. Their growth form is sparse and broadly spreading. It can grow up to several meters high.
For this winter-flowering wood, it is best to choose a sunny to partially shaded location. It must be ensured that this is free of drafts. Because persistently strengthen cold and draft does not tolerate the witch hazel. The blossom remains evenly beautiful in mild winter weather. Incidentally, there are attractive varieties with different nuances in the flower color.
❷ magnificent bell
Botanical: Enkianthus campanulatus
If you want to create a decorative garden, then you should pull the beauty bell in the shortlist of their plants. In the gloomy autumn, it ensures an extraordinary variety of colors in the garden. This attractive ornamental shrub with its yellowish-red flower tufts, which resemble a lily of the valley, appeals to the eye of the beholder with its large umbels and fiery red autumn coloring.
Because of its relatively slow growth, it is ideal for smaller gardens. It feels good in the company of azaleas and rhododendrons.
The magnificent bell, however, makes some demands on their location. She loves the brightness and copes well with the sun in spring and autumn. On hot summer days, however, it prefers a half-shady to shady location. In any case, she wants to stand protected from the wind.
❸ Garden Jasmine "Snowstorm"
Botanical: Philadelphus 'Snowstorm'
Its beautiful white flower tufts and the stressed upright growth make the garden jasmine for garden lovers really interesting. Depending on the variety, its flowers may be filled or unfilled.
One of the most popular varieties is 'Blizzard', also known as Bauernjasmin. The flower abundance gives the variety its name. During the flowering season from May to the beginning of July, the blizzard gives off a wonderful scent.
He is also fast growing. With its very elegant overhanging side branches, the shrub reaches a height of up to 2.5 meters. You can plant the jasmine in a fully sunny or partially shaded spot. In the shadows, you should not ask Him.
❹ Wig shrub
Botanical: Cotinus coggygria
In its optical effect, the willow shrub tends to hold back in spring and summer. Its foliage is green or dark red and its flower unremarkable. Her furious finale has the plant in the fall. From the flowers then develop pomponartige Fruchtstände reminiscent of wigs. These are accompanied by an impressive autumn color of the leaves.
The wood belonging to the tropical Sumachgewächsen is completely hardy and in the care very frugal.
The tiny little drupes of the willow tree are not edible. However, the ornamental shrub makes up for this circumstance by the long, protruding hair. These surround the small fruits and give the plant the spectacular appearance in autumn.
Fruit bearing shrubs
With their exceptional fruit stand, their color and shape of the individual fruits, the fruit bearers have qualified in this group. The fruits give color to your garden until late in the fall. On this color palette you can also participate with the following trees.
❶ beautiful fruit / love pearl bush
Botanical: Callicarpa bodinieri
In autumn and winter, the purple pearls of the beautiful fruit, also known as a love pearl bush, are a real eye-catcher in the rather wintry, drab garden. The branches are suitable for cutting and can be used perfectly for decoration.
In summer the beauty fruit attracts by violet flowers. So the shrub is an eye-catcher for every garden. The foliage turns in autumn in yellow-red shades.
In winter, the roots of the shrub are somewhat protected with leaves, compost or mulch. With very severe frost, the shrub will freeze slightly. But he drives out again in the spring.
It is recommended that you plant two shrubs. Thus, the ornamental shrubs can pollinate each other and carry even more "love beads".
❷ Amethystberry 'Magic Berry'
Botanical: Symphoricarpos doorenbosii 'Magic Berry'
With its magical appearance, the amethyst berry offers magical moments. First magical impressions give the typical pale pink flowers. In a beautiful bell shape, they present themselves from June. A short time later, the first magenta to scarlet berries decorate the shrub.
This beautiful shrub grows upright and develops overhanging shoots. He is about a meter high and about as wide. Ideal is a sunny to partially shaded location, otherwise the amethyst berry is quite unpretentious.
You can use this shrub versatile, for example, for a group planting, as a flowering hedge or as a container plant.
Botanical: Euonymus europaeus
The Pfaffenhütchen is a richly branched, sparrig growing woodland and is suitable for any garden. As a shrub, he can uninhibited up to three feet high. But the Pfaffenhütchen is very cut compatible and can be cut back to any size.
Its intense autumn color with the glowing foliage is impressive. The bizarre-looking fruits are similar in shape to the hat of a priest. From August to October, the fruits are ripening.
For humans, the plant is unfortunately completely toxic, especially the seeds. However, the fruits and seeds of this ornamental shrub are especially fond of birds.
The Pfaffenhütchen can also be planted as a hedge, but must then be cut regularly.
❹ ornamental quince
The ornamental quince is originally from East Asia and therefore fits well with theme gardens in Chinese or Japanese style. In addition, the rose plant is an asset to any garden. Botanically, however, it does not belong to the quince plants.
In spring, from March to April, the rich flowering in white, pink, orange or red gives a Far Eastern charm in your garden. Their fragrant, apple-like fruits caress the garden friend in autumn and winter.
You can use the ornamental quince as a specimen plant, to greening the facade and also as a hedge. The wood is extremely versatile and quite easy to maintain. The spreading shrubs are particularly frost hardy and can be depending on the type 1 to 5 meters high and 2 meters wide. Its fruits are edible but very hard.