The Content Of The Article:
- Attention hybrids!
- Beautiful types
- Indian armchair: suitable plant partner
- Special tea with bergamot aroma
- The biggest danger: powdery mildew
- How to prevent mildew
- Natural mildew control
- For bees, against mosquitoes
Indian armchair, bee balm, horse mint, wild bergamot or golden balm. As diverse as their names are the claims of different species. The undemanding and winter hardy golden balm (Monarda didyma) from North America needs a nutrient-rich and fresh soil in sunny situations, but also with partial shade she is satisfied. She wants to be supplied with fresh compost every year. The wild Indian armchair (Monarda fistulosa), on the other hand, originally comes from Mexico and California and feels comfortable on dry and sandy soils, even without additional fertilizer.
Indianas are popular summer flowers in the perennial border
In trade, crosses (hybrids) from M. didyma and M. fistulosa are usually offered, which are quite unpretentious in their location issue. However, it is worth taking a look at the label before buying, because usually outweighs a kind and the location should be more focused on them. In general, congestion and winter wetness are not well tolerated, as a precaution you should work some clay or gravel into the soil on a clay soil.
Another species is the lemon monarch (Monarda citriodora) from eastern North America, which also feels comfortable in a sunny, more dry soil. For the rose monard (Monarda fistulosa x tetraploid), on the other hand, it is better to choose a nutrient-rich, fresh ground. Then she unfolds her strong yet lovely scent of roses.
The yellow horse flower (Monarda punctata) flowers rather yellowish and thrives in full sun with permeable soil. Even temporary drought survives well. However, one should maintain a sufficient planting distance of 35 centimeters. By dividing this plant in the spring before flowering, it is mainly propagated, are also possible cuttings in spring or seed from the trade.
Great combination: Indian armchair with honorary prize and sun bride
Indian armchair: suitable plant partner
The 80 to 120 centimeters high Indian flowers bloom from July - September red, purple, pink, yellowish or white and line up particularly well in a prairieartigen planting with purple sunhat (Echinacea purpurea), bear claw (Acanthus), loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria), joint flower ( Physostegia virginiana) and grasses. In combination with campanula (Campanula persicifolia), white astilbe (Astilbe x arendsii), iris and silver candle (Cimicifuga racemosa) it peps up your natural garden. In general, all Indians tolerate light shade and are therefore suitable for planting of light woody plants.
Special tea with bergamot aroma
A treat for all the senses are the lemony-spicy-scented and tasting leaves of Monarda didyma. Even the Oswego Indians brewed a tasty tea (Oswego tea) from their leaves. Monarda fistulosa, however, spreads a rather spicy smell of oregano. With colds, illnesses of the bronchi and nausea the plant can develop its full healing power. Whether the healing power of the Monarda hybrids still exists, has not been explored enough. Their leaves can be used everywhere in the kitchen, where thyme is also in demand. However, all Indian nuts are great for syrup, as described above, as a seasoning and for potpourris, as they retain their color and scent when dried. Harvested during the flowering period from June to October. If you want to dry flowers and leaves, it is better to take them from older plants.
The biggest danger: powdery mildew
Unfortunately, the Indian Fair is very susceptible to powdery mildew
The cause of the most prevalent disease in the Indian armchairs is powdery mildew (Erysiphe cichoracearum), a fungus that loves rapidly changing temperature patterns and persistent dryness. Then it forms a white, washable coating on the top of the sheet, which over time assumes a dirty brownish color. This leaves the plant look unsightly and can even lead to death in high infestation.
How to prevent mildew
When it comes to mildew, prevention is the best medicine. A suitable location, sufficient planting distance, a pruning after flowering and a regular and sufficient irrigation contribute much to the protection of the Indian. Already at the purchase you can choose resistant varieties, such as 'Aquarius' with light purple flowers, 'Fishes' with their unusual salmon-colored flower color or, as the name suggests, strongly purple-flowered 'Purple Ann'.
Natural mildew control
From the Indian armchairs there are also white hybrids, like this 'snow cloud'
If the fungus can not be prevented despite the best protective measures, the new and guaranteed biological miracle weapon will help: Milk! Australian researchers confirmed that lactobacilli contained in milk can combat powdery mildew and prevent re-infection. In addition, the contained sodium phosphate strengthens the body's defenses and prevents new infections. For best results, add 1/8 liter of milk to 1 liter of water twice a week and spray on the plant. An alternative is also approved for organic farming network sulfur, which is produced by heating pure sulfur and subsequent crystallization in cold water. In case of powdery mildew splash immediately, but never at temperatures below 10 and above 28 degrees Celsius. Even with the sun you should not use the remedy. The disadvantage is that from a concentration of 0.2 percent and ladybugs, robber bugs and predatory mites are transported to the afterlife.
For bees, against mosquitoes
Bumblebees, bees and butterflies feel strongly attracted by the sweet nectar of the Indian armchairs. Tip: For tomatoes, Monarden are the perfect pre-culture because they promote their aroma and growth. Another Indian armchair, the Monarda citriodora, also serves as a repellent against stinging insects. She scares the unpleasant garden visitors with her scent.
In our Gallery we show even more beautiful Indian armchair varieties:
Start photo gallery
Indian armchair 'Snow White'
Indian armchair 'Pink Supreme'
Indian armchair 'Petit Delight'
Indian armchair 'Petit Delight'
Indian Armchair 'Blue Stocking'
Indian armchair 'Gardenview Scarlett'
Indian armchair 'Fireball'
Indian armchair 'Cambridge Scarlet'
Indian armchair 'Squaw'
Indian armchair 'Beauty of Cobham'