The Content Of The Article:
- The right planting
- Effective and space saving
- Easy-care balcony plants
- Insensitive grasses
- climbing plants
- Fall planting
Enjoying the summer sun in a deck chair or having breakfast in the open air with your partner on Sunday: A balcony can be used and designed in a variety of ways. With the right plants you transform the house porch into a lush green landscape. The most important requirement for finding suitable plants for the balcony: The plants must be suitable for cultivation in smaller and larger containers. With the right tips you will find insensitive plants that tolerate sun and rain alike.
The right plantingWhich varieties are suitable for your balcony depends on various factors. In addition to the size of the possible shelves, the location also plays an important role. Many plants, for example, can not cope with dark places. A balcony on the south wall of the house can also have a negative effect on the development of various plants. To keep track, it makes sense to create a rough sketch. The following questions should be clarified before the first planting of the balcony:
- How much sun or shade is there?
- How much space is available for the plants?
- Where and to what extent can flowerpots be attached?
Tip: Catch excess water and rainwater to avoid unnecessary quarrels with neighbors.
Effective and space savingPassionate plant friends know that to feed themselves with small-scale fruit and vegetables, a large garden is not necessarily necessary. Urban Gardening is the name of the trend that is actively practiced in many small and larger cities. Each available centimeter on roof terraces and balconies is used to plant edible plants. The advantage: many types of vegetables grow easily in the balcony box and the house wall can be converted into a vertical garden.
A small selection of fruit and vegetable plants that tolerate rain and sun:
carrotsA tall pot is enough to pull the orange root vegetables on the balcony. Sowing the annual Daucus carota subsp. sativus occurs between March and June.
Tropaeolum majus is a frost-sensitive plant that serves as a decorative privacy screen on the balcony with its long stems and large flowers. With the exception of the roots, all parts of the perennial are edible. The cruciferous type needs a lot of water and has nothing to object to a full sun.
peasPisum sativum is an indispensable part of many kitchen gardens. Much rain and sun do not disturb the pea. The highly branched root system needs a stable and large bucket. The long shoots can be tied to trellises to save space.
paprikaThe nightshade family is one of the perennial plants, but the harvest can be done in the first year of life. Various types of Capiscum are available for cultivation in the tub.
Easy-care balcony plantsTo enjoy a lush green balcony, you do not necessarily have to be a professional or even possess specialist knowledge. Only time and a little effort are necessary to make the small plantlets within a few weeks beautiful and resilient plants. Finding the right varieties that are straightforward and defy rain and sun is not difficult.
Geraniums belong to the classical balcony plants. Worldwide the Cranesbill plants are represented with up to 280 species. The vegetative characteristics of the different varieties vary greatly. A sunny and warm space on the balcony is preferred. Under optimal conditions, the ornamental plants reproduce their lush and long-lasting flowers. Geraniums can be maintained in window boxes, but take up a lot of space for themselves. The rugged perennials have no objection to rain, as long as there is no waterlogging.
Viola cornuta have been decorating domestic flower boxes for many decades. Many hybrids of the colorful mini-particles are hardy and can easily survive in the bucket two-digit minus temperatures. The perennials belong to the family of the violet family and can be variably combined with other types of perennials.
Behind the strange-sounding term hides no Dekoblumen from hay, but colorful plants from the family of daisy family.The name of the up to sixty centimeters high perennial is due to their stiff, strawy petals. Helichrysum bracteatum is cultivated once a year and is also considered robust and insensitive when kept on the balcony. Varieties such as "Nevada Rose", "Nanum" and "Dazette Elektra" were bred specifically for cultivation and care in pots.
Tip: For balcony plants, flower boxes with a memory and a water level indicator have proven themselves. Hydroponics can also be used in ornamental plants.
Insensitive grassesOrnamental grasses are a feast for the eyes with their filigree stalks and the flower spikes gently swaying in the wind. Pampas grass and Co. not only feel at home in the bed, but also give off special container plants. The appropriate space for development should be available. Properly placed, the larger specimens can serve as decorative privacy screens. All ornamental grasses are on the balcony and the terrace only as a specimen plant optimal effect. Cover the drab house walls with the larger species or shield the balcony from the eyes of curious neighbors with long leaves and tall flower spikes.
Pennisetum alopecuroides is a lush growing herb of the grasses family. The bristle-like, colorful inflorescences gave the plant the additional name "feathered grass". Growth heights of over 150 cm are not uncommon in some varieties of Pennisetum. For the balcony smaller species are suitable, such as the 30 cm high sweet grass variety "Little Bunny". Sun and rain are important factors that the winter-hardy bulbous grass needs to grow.
Cortaderia selloana, with its large white flower spikes, is a striking representative among ornamental grasses. The inflorescences of the originating from South America and New Zealand plant can reach a height of up to 2.50 m. With a little effort the ornamental grasses survive unscathed ice and frost outdoors.
Carex are evergreen ornamental grasses, whose leaves have a distinctive feature: The long culms have a triangular cross section and are filled with marrow. The color spectrum ranges from various shades of green over green-white variegated leaves to red, brown and bronze tints. The sour grass family loves a full sun, but needs special protection in winter.
Blue Ray meadow oats
Helictotrichon sempervirens is native to alpine regions and copes well with the local weather. The plant with the rigid leafy thorax can reach a height of up to 1 m. Lime-rich, lean substrate promotes the resistance of the blue-jet oat.
With 12 subfamilies and more than 116 different genera, this sweet grass family is one of the most species-rich representatives among ornamental grasses. Many bamboo species are undemanding and suitable for the Kübelhaltung. Popular varieties include:
- Fargesia Rufa
- Fargesia robusta 'Campell'
- Fargesia jiuzhaigou
- Phyllostachys aureosulcata 'Spectabilis'
climbing plantsRaising plants beautify the balcony and harmonize richly with the rest of the plants. The advantage of the plants: The perennials grow in height, in this way, the existing space can be better and more skillfully exploited. No climbing plant has any objection to a supporting trellis aid in the form of bamboo sticks, wooden strips or taut strings.
The following perennials handle the sun and rain:
Cardiospermum halicacabum is a fast-growing, annual plant with balloon-like fruits. The attractive perennial effortlessly climbs walls with a sturdy climbing aid and cuts a fine figure even in the hanging basket. With good care, the balloon wine can reach a shoot length of up to 2.5 m.
Clematis are among the most popular climbers. With their dense, fast growth, they effortlessly climb house facades and give pergolas a romantic atmosphere in the garden. Small species such as Clematis alpina are suitable for the balcony. The perennial tree itself is effortlessly able to scale up grapevines with its strong shoots.
Polygonum aubertii is a popular creeper with its trailing, overhanging habit. The knotweed is robust and has no special conditions for the location or the substrate. In the bucket must regularly be a strong pruning, which regulates the strong growth of the perennial.
Passiflora is a species-rich and world wide plant genus. The passion flower plants captivate with their eye-catching, colorful blossoms and the tasty fruits. The vine is sensitive to frost and can cope with the sun and rain in summer. With optimal care, a stature height of almost 3 m is not uncommon.
The queen of flowers is also content with locations on the sunny balcony. Rosa lucieae is a semi-evergreen climbing rose that can form up to 5 m long shoots. Climbing roses have a strong growth, a regular shaping and pruning is also necessary for potted plants.
Tip: Ivy is a widespread climber, but can cause severe damage to house facades and wooden railings due to its supporting roots.
Fall plantingWhen the summer comes to an end and the plants show their most colorful side, the balcony time is far from over. With the right types of plants, you can plant varied filled pots and pots for the fall.
Sun and rain can not harm Erica carnea. The heather for the balcony are evergreen shrubs that can bloom until late autumn. Erica carnea can be combined with other perennials.
Wintergreen foliage and colorful, spherical berries are the characteristic feature of Pernettya. The evergreen, low-growing shrub is a colorful eye-catcher on the autumnal balcony. Rely on a cultivar, because the wild relatives can reach a circumference of over 1.5 m.
With its funnel-shaped bell blossoms and its attractively patterned leaves, the Heuchera does not have to hide behind other plants. Depending on the variety, purple bells can reach a height between 15 to 70 cm.
With its evergreen foliage and colorful flowers, the foliage ornament shows that winter does not have to be gray and bare. The Steinbrechgewächs can effortlessly overwinter on the balcony and forms with good care up to 35 cm large, rounded leaves.
With the right plants, every balcony turns into a green oasis, where you can relax after a stressful everyday life. Many perennials from the specialist trade are suitable for cultivation in the tub. Before buying, however, it is important to obtain sufficient information about the site requirements and the space requirements of the respective crops. With the right planning, you can enjoy the plant splendor on your balcony even in the fall.