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No matter if it is an apple, plum or cherry tree, which is in the garden of your home, in any case, it must be properly maintained so that it still bears abundant fruits even after years. Here one speaks of the fruit woodcut, also fruit tree cut.
Why should fruit trees be cut? On the one hand it serves the tree health and the yield behavior, on the other hand the education, preservation and rejuvenation of the tree. Fruit trees are cut mainly in the months of January to March, the so-called winter cut. But even in summer, a cut is possible, but this is more of a supplementary and corrective cut. Both cuts also remove damaged tree parts, cancerous growths and places affected by fungus. A good fruit pruning increases the yield. The tool is also important. For a precise cut, one should use one that cuts reliably and accurately.
Cutting fruit trees - why?
The correct cut gives the fruit tree a stable knot that can carry high yields. The treetop is also shaped and corrected if necessary. By cutting the branches clears and dries up faster after rain, which can prevent pests and fungal infections such as mildew, scab, tree cancer. But also light and air penetrate into the interior of the crown and thus promote the flowering and fruiting.
The fruit tree section has even more advantages. By regular cutting measures the tree remains young and strong. The winter cut also stimulates new shoots. For visual protection or for shading, special crown cuts are made and in the commercial sector, the fruit tree section is also used for the production of fine vines. Of course, the cut must be adapted to the growth behavior of the fruit and the development phase of the tree. The right cut, combined with fertilization, soil care and possibly plant protection guarantees a rich harvest.
Cutting fruit trees - when?
The winter cut is the main crop in almost all fruit trees. Here, the branches are lighted and made the shape section or tree structure. Depending on the region, the months January to March are ideal for the winter fruit tree pruning. The cut should always be done on frost-free days. In contrast, the summer cut can supplement or correct the winter cut and should be carried out with pome fruit by the end of July to the beginning of August at the latest. Above all, shoots in the head area or one-year shoots that grow straight up, so-called water guns, are removed. Sick branches can also be cut out. However, the summer cut through the foliage is not easy for some hobby gardeners to assess. You should therefore rather make a thorough winter cut. For stone fruit, the cut is slightly different. Here is preferably cut in the summer or after harvest. Already at the beginning of July, the still soft water shots are cut clean with the secateurs. On cherries, apricots and early plums, the correct fruit pruning can be done after the harvest. For later-ripening stone fruit varieties, however, you should make a winter cut.
The different types of cuts
The cutting measures depend on the fruit tree. A distinction is made between:
- plant section
- education section
- preservation section
- rejuvenation pruning
The different cutting techniques
Derive, while a targeted orchard cuts the growth in the desired direction
Cutaway, the complete removal of shoots and branches without stub
Cutting, thereby one year old shoots are cut, so they branch out better and become stronger. This pruning is mainly used in the tree nursery.
The right tool for orcharding
In order to make the pruning precisely and without injury to the branches, good tools such as saw and pruner are necessary. In the trade, these are even extra for the fruit tree cut. But you should definitely pay attention to quality and reliability.
Advantages & Tips
By cutting back one not only contributes to the optimal health of the tree, but on top of that also creates a sturdy estrus for a correspondingly high yield.A crown, which is correspondingly light after the cut, has numerous advantages: firstly, the sunlight can better reach the fruits and contribute to better development, and second, the heat guarantees a kind of protection against fungal infections.
Mildew and Co. has no chance anymore. In addition, experts even say that the fruit tree pruning helps to keep the tree young and fit, even if it has been around for several years.
By the way, the cut also has advantages for you: the shade in the garden can be positioned by a sophisticated cut, where you can use it and where not. Also optically is caused by the fruit tree in the garden a lot.
Differences are in the fruit pruning - depending on the type of tree - in winter cut and summer cut. The latter in turn varies in pome fruit, berry fruit, stone fruit and walnuts. So it is very important that you inform yourself in advance.
Usually the summer cut is the classic and most used cut. This is about the cutting back of the branches in the area of the treetop, so that the tree is slightly lighter again. In addition, it is a cut in which the cuts and their developments possibly planned differently during the winter cut may possibly be corrected.
Sometimes, as with walnuts, for example, only one fruit tree cut is enough per year. No matter what type of fruit tree, in any case, the wound healing must be observed accordingly, which means that only cut back when the frost has subsided, otherwise the wounds can not recover properly from this intervention.