Instructions: Cut cherry tree - when is the best time?


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Plant cut at the cherry tree

The first blend of the cherry tree takes place directly after planting and serves as a form education and on the other hand the steered energy use. The young plant should not waste its energy on useless side shoots, but use them specifically.
In this first planting cut it depends:
  • to leave the main drive - this is the extension of the trunk
  • to select three to five lateral shoots, which are cut back to a length of about six eyes
  • all other shoots are removed to the main trunk
The so-called eyes in the case of the cherry are small dents from which shoots, leaves and buds will later sprout. These are still rather inconspicuous in young cherry trees, but are usually easy to spot when looking closely. In case of doubt it would be better to keep a bit more length, instead of radically shortening it at the beginning.

Second care cut

One year after planting, the second care cut is made. Here are:
  • weak side shoots cut in half
  • strong branches blended by a third
  • inwardly growing and crossing shoots away
In this care measure, it is therefore superficial to prevent a wild growth and Auslas the tree.

Time for care cuts

Cut cherry tree

Both after the first two care cuts as well as in a previously uncut cherry tree, there is only one suitable time for the care measure: After the harvest. Thus, the cherry tree is an exception among the fruit trees. Bald, so in autumn, winter or early spring, he should not be blended as already mentioned. This has the advantage that dead, bald branches are very easy to recognize. It also shows where branches are too close. The targeted waste is thus easier.
In turn are removed:
  • intersecting branches to round out the crown
  • Shoots that grow towards the trunk
  • the tips of the branches to keep the crown compact
Both pruning and pruning the crown is very important in cherries, as the trees tend to shed inside when there is not enough light left to reach the stem.

radical waste

If a cherry tree has not been blended for a long time and the crown now appears wild and too dense, care should be taken to wait until after the harvest or until late summer. Then it's time to make a decision for the next few years. If the cherry tree is suddenly severely blended, growth will be very strong next year.
However, only in terms of the shoots, flowers and fruits will occur only occasionally. For the blending in the following years can be rather gentle. If, on the other hand, a targeted but cautious cut is made over many years, the yield quickly rises again. For the gentler radical section, proceed as follows:
  • stronger shoots and branches are cut by one third
  • weak shoots are cut back to half their length
  • the main branches are gradually limited to four to six, but each year only one strong branch should be cut back to the trunk
  • in addition, it is illuminated from top to bottom
In the case of strong radical cutting, the number of branches is immediately reduced to the number mentioned and also the blanking is complete.
Tip: To cut off strong branches, cut first down to the first third or half and then from top to bottom. This prevents tearing of the bark and the formation of larger wounds.

sweet cherry

Cut cherry tree

For sweet cherries, the blend can be made immediately after the harvest is over. In addition, it must be ensured that the crown very quickly becomes very large and dense. Thus, the risk of Verkahlen from the inside out is given to a high degree. It is all the more important to cut the sweet cherry tree from the beginning and every year. In addition, two special features should be considered:
  • the so-called bouquet shoots are lateral shoots, which together form a whirling form
  • They are particularly fertile and should therefore be only slightly blended
  • Water shoots grow steeply parallel to the trunk and must always be removed

sour cherry

Sour cherries may be blended immediately after harvest. However, with the care measure, something else can be maintained, but it should not take place until autumn, because then the wounds of the tree heal worse and increases the risk of fungal infection. In addition, there is a significant difference in the sour cherries, which must be taken into account when blending - because there are varieties with one-year fruit wood and perennial fruit wood. Varieties with one-year-old fruit wood, such as white morello, Gerema or Morellenfeuer, fruit almost exclusively on annual shoots.
When blending these cherry trees, care must be taken to remove older and slow-growing shoots while preserving as many of the young branches as possible. The situation is different with Vistula, Carneol and Safir, Dimitzer and Ludwigs Frühhe - the cherries thrive on these varieties on the perennial fruit wood and also on old wood new shoots branch out very well. The cut is therefore carried out as in sweet cherries, by the crown is slightly cut all over and also squeezed.
Conclusion
With the right knowledge about the variety and the requirements as well as the regular maintenance of the care, the cutting of a cherry tree is very easy, increases the yield and not only prevents the crowning from the inside - but can also reduce the risk of illness, because the plants are lighter and better ventilated.

Video Board: How To Prune Cherry Trees Simple Steps.

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