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The first blend of the cherry tree takes place directly after planting and serves as a form education and on the other hand the steered energy use. The young plant should not waste its energy on useless side shoots, but use them specifically.
In this first planting cut it depends:
- to leave the main drive - this is the extension of the trunk
- to select three to five lateral shoots, which are cut back to a length of about six eyes
- all other shoots are removed to the main trunk
Second care cutOne year after planting, the second care cut is made. Here are:
- weak side shoots cut in half
- strong branches blended by a third
- inwardly growing and crossing shoots away
Time for care cuts
Both after the first two care cuts as well as in a previously uncut cherry tree, there is only one suitable time for the care measure: After the harvest. Thus, the cherry tree is an exception among the fruit trees. Bald, so in autumn, winter or early spring, he should not be blended as already mentioned. This has the advantage that dead, bald branches are very easy to recognize. It also shows where branches are too close. The targeted waste is thus easier.
In turn are removed:
- intersecting branches to round out the crown
- Shoots that grow towards the trunk
- the tips of the branches to keep the crown compact
radical wasteIf a cherry tree has not been blended for a long time and the crown now appears wild and too dense, care should be taken to wait until after the harvest or until late summer. Then it's time to make a decision for the next few years. If the cherry tree is suddenly severely blended, growth will be very strong next year.
However, only in terms of the shoots, flowers and fruits will occur only occasionally. For the blending in the following years can be rather gentle. If, on the other hand, a targeted but cautious cut is made over many years, the yield quickly rises again. For the gentler radical section, proceed as follows:
- stronger shoots and branches are cut by one third
- weak shoots are cut back to half their length
- the main branches are gradually limited to four to six, but each year only one strong branch should be cut back to the trunk
- in addition, it is illuminated from top to bottom
Tip: To cut off strong branches, cut first down to the first third or half and then from top to bottom. This prevents tearing of the bark and the formation of larger wounds.
- the so-called bouquet shoots are lateral shoots, which together form a whirling form
- They are particularly fertile and should therefore be only slightly blended
- Water shoots grow steeply parallel to the trunk and must always be removed
sour cherrySour cherries may be blended immediately after harvest. However, with the care measure, something else can be maintained, but it should not take place until autumn, because then the wounds of the tree heal worse and increases the risk of fungal infection. In addition, there is a significant difference in the sour cherries, which must be taken into account when blending - because there are varieties with one-year fruit wood and perennial fruit wood. Varieties with one-year-old fruit wood, such as white morello, Gerema or Morellenfeuer, fruit almost exclusively on annual shoots.
When blending these cherry trees, care must be taken to remove older and slow-growing shoots while preserving as many of the young branches as possible. The situation is different with Vistula, Carneol and Safir, Dimitzer and Ludwigs Frühhe - the cherries thrive on these varieties on the perennial fruit wood and also on old wood new shoots branch out very well. The cut is therefore carried out as in sweet cherries, by the crown is slightly cut all over and also squeezed.
With the right knowledge about the variety and the requirements as well as the regular maintenance of the care, the cutting of a cherry tree is very easy, increases the yield and not only prevents the crowning from the inside - but can also reduce the risk of illness, because the plants are lighter and better ventilated.