Instructions for planting a hedge

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Hedges carry out all sorts of tasks in their garden. Large specimens provide a perfect habitat for small mammals and birds, sheltering from wind and prying eyes, and serve as a natural boundary. Smaller hedges enhance the green living room as a design element. For example, they can be used to divide beds, divide sections of the garden or surround a seating area. For planting cut hedges are. These are not only inexpensive, but also durable.
The choice of plants
The selection of hedge plants in the specialized trade is great. It is not always easy to find suitable plants right from the start. The choice of plant depends on the site conditions. The plants are in a full sun, in the

shady area or both? The question of the soil conditions is also crucial. There are varieties among the woody plants that already set high standards here and others that thrive on almost every soil. Another issue is the workload. Fast-growing hedges must be cut once or twice a year. Who wants to do without, chooses slowly growing hedges. And finally, optics plays a crucial role in the selection of hedge plants.
Most popular hedge plants
Should it be an evergreen hedge that sets accents in the garden even in winter? Or rather a variant that throws leaves or charms with their colorful flowers? The most popular hedge plants include varieties such as privet, yew, cypress, thuja, cherry laurel or the hornbeam hedge. Every hedge plant has its own advantages and disadvantages.
The right time to plant
Hedge plants should usually be planted in late autumn. So they are already rooted before the first frost and the risk of leaf damage is significantly reduced. Another advantage is that the plants do not drive out in the spring. In addition, the hedge can also be planted in spring - before sprouting. However, then often additional watering must be done. However, before starting to plant, the prescribed distance to the neighbors' property must be checked. In order to avoid unnecessary trouble with the neighbors, it is advisable to inquire about the regulations with the respective community beforehand.
In order for the hedge to become an eye-catcher, careful preparation is necessary. This includes the initial supply of hedge plants. Root-bare hedge plants should be placed in water for up to 24 hours before planting. In the case of container or bale plants, the pot is immersed in water before planting until no more bubbles rise. If the hedge can not be planted promptly, it is advisable to place the plants in a large hole in the ground, cover them with soil and soak in water.
  • Align and dig the planting trench

Align the trench with a guide cord. Who has no guide at hand, uses a clothesline, which is wound up on two pegs, and tense this as a leash just above the ground. Dig the trench about 30 cm deep and 50 cm wide and enrich with mature compost. Alternatively, the soil can be loosened with a motor cutter and incorporated mature compost. Compost soil improves the water and air balance in the root area. In addition, rooting is promoted.

  • planting distances

Using a bamboo pole (one meter), the planting distances are now determined. Simply draw strokes on the bamboo pole, depending on the type and variety. For small hedges (about one meter) three to four plants per meter are needed. The Pflanzanstand at high hedges is two to three plants per meter.

  • grow

The plants are placed along the guideline and at a suitable distance in the planting trench. When planting it is important to ensure that the pot ball of the hedge forms a level with the ground.

  • Closing and watering

The enriched and excavated soil is filled in the next step back into the planting trench. While shaking the plant a little, so that no cavities between the roots arise. Lock the earth with feeling and form pouring edge. Then the roots have to be literally sludged.

  • Apply bark mulch

Once the water has completely drained away, the soil is loosened a bit again. Finally, the root balls are covered with a thick layer of bark mulch. As a result, the soil does not dry out and the young hedge plants are protected against frost damage. In addition, bark mulch is very helpful against weeds.
Care tips for hedges
Whether deciduous hedgehog species such as privet or European beech or the evergreen species such as firethorn, conifer or cherry laurel - they all have one thing in common. Decorative hedge plants want to be cared for and cut regularly. A cut does not only ensure that the hedge remains opaque, grows faster or branches more and more.The hedge is also given a shape by the hedge cut, which can set wonderful accents in the garden - provided

you can. Who wants to cut back the hedge, should do this in the spring. This is the middle of March, because it lies in front of the sprout of the plant. A later pruning should not be done, because hedges offer a breeding place to many bird species. The second pruning takes place in the months from August to October.
It should be noted that the cut is trapezoidal. That is, wide at the base and narrower at the top. This way, the hedge stays tight in the lower area and gets the necessary sunlight to grow. From March to the end of September the shape cut can be carried out. Please do not cut later, because otherwise the first night frosts can damage delicate shoots. All in all, planting hedges with the steps mentioned above is just as easy as caring. It is only important that the prescribed limit distance and the cutting date are adhered to. With the appropriate tool, nothing can stand in the way of maintaining the hedge.
Facts about planting hedges soon
For newly created hedgerows on fertile farmland, soil aging may be useful to suppress fast-growing nutrient-loving species and promote a much more species-rich population of rare specialists. The clippings of the annual mowing and the shrub recession must be removed over several years. Otherwise, the clippings should remain in place to promote the creation of litter, modern and raw hummocks and deadwood.
For the creation of hedges since the beginning of the 1990s particularly so-called Benjes hedges have been propagated. The principle of the Benjes hedges is to build hedges not by planting new plants, but by the seed entry of birds. For this purpose, pruning is streaked and after a mostly nettle-rich herb stage begins a bush encroachment. The advantage is that this form of investment is inexpensive and domestic seed is introduced by birds. The disadvantage is that especially shrubs prevail from ausschlagfähigem shrubs such as blackberries. While a positive impact on avifauna, small mammals and insects can be achieved in this way, the Benjeshecke is rather meaningless for botanical species conservation. It has proved more useful to supplement Benjeshecken with woody plantings.
Tips for planting
  • For hedge planting, the excavation of a planting trench in double width and depth of the plant root bale is usually recommended
  • Mix the excavated soil on heavy soils with sand or lava granules and use some organic fertilizer (such as compost or horn shavings)
  • Shorten plants of deciduous hedges by 1/3 to 1/2 - cut conifers only to uniform height
  • Distribute the trees evenly in the planting trench so that the side shoots just touch each other
  • When filling the planting trench, shake the plants and make a good start on the soil mixture to avoid cavities
  • Create a pouring wall and water plants well
  • Cover planting area with bark mulch to avoid rapid drying out of the soil.

Hedge plants that are suitable for the garden include:

  • Privet and cherry laurel
  • Yew tree, tree of life and cypress
  • European beech and hornbeam

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