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Little space is not a problem. A water garden gets by with little space. There are very different options for how it can be created. However, some things have to be considered, especially for planted pools. Fish or other animals have lost nothing in these small vessels or basins, they can not survive in it. In the sun, the water is too warm, the oxygen is then not enough, they would miserably krepieren.
Selection of the vessels
Commercially, there are ready-made variants of suitable vessels to buy, often even with a small waterfall or fountain. Some can be planted, others not better. When choosing the vessels you should remember their durability and that they are not too heavy. In winter, the vessels are admitted and who wants to drag there. Caststone or polystone surfaces look like natural materials, with sand or stone included. The weight is, however, significantly reduced. A wooden tub is also suitable, but must be lined with pond liner. She gets stuck on the edge. Overlapping film can be cut off. Glazed clay pots also look very nice. In them, the water sparkles particularly effectively.
- Large selection of vessels made of different materials
- Cast Stone
- wooden vats
- Zinc - very unfavorable - pollutants are released to the water
- Glazed clay pottery
- Plastic, old baby baths, large collection vessels
- Minimum volume - 40 liters, the larger the amount of water, the easier the attitude of ecological balance, 50 cm water depth is favorable, but at least 30 cm
- mortar tub
- Natural stone troughs
- Alternatively for the garden - bubble stone over a water reservoir embedded in the earth (childproof, if the water basin is filled with stones or a grid is placed over it)
- Very interesting - high ponds
- Also for the garden - formal pools
For the sake of simplicity, one takes one of the above-mentioned vessels. It should be waterproof. The best time to set up such a water garden is between April and May. Frost should not be expected if you want to put the mini pond out there. On a sheltered terrace it is already a little earlier. The following things are needed:
- mesh baskets
- pond fleece
- Ponds or sand and loam in the ratio 3: 1
- Pebbles (concrete gravel)
- Rainwater from the bin or a water collector
- Brick (e)
The plants bought for the water garden must be kept well moist until they are inserted. In addition, the vessels should be thoroughly cleaned. Bacteria and germs can easily get stuck on the walls and they have to be removed. Not all aquatic plants that are planted firmly like the same depth of water. With bricks, gravel or other stones, the height level can be compensated.
- 1. Keep purchased plants moist
- 2. Thoroughly clean the vessels and rinse them thoroughly at the end so that any residues of cleaning agents are removed.
- 3. Place the vessel at its predetermined place. The best is a half-shady location, without direct midday sun. About 6 hours of sun per day is the minimum.
- 4. Level the ground level, ie work out a depth profile with gravel or place different height bricks on the ground.
For the planting different plants are suitable. The vessel should have at least 30 cm water depth for plants, 50 are better, then water lilies can be used. It is best to use special baskets, small mesh baskets. Important when using Teicherde is that it remains in the vessel, is not rinsed out. Normal garden or potting soil may not be used.
- 5. Knock out the mesh baskets with fleece. Calculate generously so that it can still be beaten up.
- 6. Place the root ball or rhizome in the lined basket and fill with Teicherde. For water lilies, water lily substrate can be used.
- 7. Press on the surface, knock the fleece edges inwards and lay gravel on top
- 8. Sample with water so that no soil is flushed out. She should not get into the water
- 9. Use all plants in this way
- 10. At the end fill water into the container. Rainwater is best.
When choosing the plants you should always make sure that they are not too big, so too high and not spread so quickly.Quickly, the entire surface of the water is overgrown dun that's not the point.
- Water crowfoot - water depth 30 to 80 cm, flowering June to September, white flowers, can form a meter long shoots, only for larger bodies of water, stems drifting on the water, likes moving water, well with lime water clear, must now and then lighted become
- Shell flower - is 5 to 10 cm high, very rare flowering, 30 to 50 cm water depth, leaf leaves rosaceae, roots in the water, only in late May put into the water, like a lot of sun, warm water, foothills can be separated
- Floating fern - becomes 10 to 15 cm high, does not bloom, for 20 to 50 cm deep water, regular oval leaflets on short, hardly branched shoots, plantable from April, May, like nutrient-rich water, vigorous, again and again some leaves from the water to fish so that the water surface does not grow
- Dwarf Nerose (Nymphaea candida) - flower diameter 8 to 10 cm, flowering from June to August, water depth 25 to 50 cm (up to 80 cm), dark green round leaves (diameter 20 cm), white flowers, can be planted from May, in spring Clay balls pressed kneaded fertilizer in the soil of the baskets, hardy, quite vigorous
- Water lily (Nymphaea x pygmaea 'Helvola') - small yellow flowers, only 2.5 cm in diameter, flowering from June to September, water depth 20 to 25 cm, not hardy, leaves dark green, may be red to reddish brown striped or spotted, in spring fertilize (as just described) ideal for vessels, super to blue flowering perennials on the edge
- Water lily (Nymphaea x laydekeri (cultivars) - flowers pink (light lilac rose darker inside or deep red with white markings, depending on variety), up to 10 cm in diameter, flowering June to September, water depth 25 to 30 cm, plants from mid-May, weak, fertilizing as described above, very willing to flower, ideal for tubs
- Four-sided water lily (Nymphaea tetragona) - small flowers, only 2.5 cm diameter, pure white and fragrant, flowering from June to September, water depth 10 to 25 cm, plantable from mid-May, petite water lily, grows even in shallow bowls, then not in Hibernate outdoors (often under the trade name: Nymphaea x pygmaea 'Alba')
- Swamp Calla - 15 to 20 cm high and equally wide, flowering white, between June and July, to 20 cm depth, leaves drift directly from the creeping rhizome, berries in autumn (poisonous), plant from the end of April, without planter, rhizome just on laying the substrate and complaining with flat stone dies in winter often
- Water feather - grows like a grass, becomes 20 to 40 cm high, wintergreen, flowering white to pale pink from June to July, water depth up to 40 cm, shoot and leaves under water, flowers on bare stems over water, plant from end of April, tolerates some shade, unconditionally soft water, the most acidic substrate possible, can be cut back in spring
- Fir fronds - in the shallow water upright shoots with needle-shaped leaflets, 20 to 40 cm high and wide, inconspicuous flowers from June to August, water depth 10 to 30 cm, plant from the end of April, strongly proliferating foothills, so necessarily put in planting basket, cut off foothills regularly, ideal to hide technique or bricks
- Wasserschwertlilie - green-yellow striped leaves, up to 80 cm high, yellow flowers from May to July, planting depth 5 to 15 cm, needs sun and nutrient-rich water, nice splashes of color
A pond pump is not mandatory, but helps to prevent algae plague. Visually, a small fountain is very nice. Both contribute to the ventilation of the pond. However, if you want a water lily in the container, do not install a fountain. Both do not match. Water lilies do not like it when sprayed constantly. They also do not like too much water movement. In water gardens without plant growth usually only helps chemistry to prevent algae. There are numerous remedies that are simply put into the water and keep it clear. It is important to ensure that the additives are absolutely harmless, for humans anyway, but also for pets and birds, insects and other garden dwellers.
There is room everywhere for a small water garden. While one prefers to fill containers on balcony and terrace, formal ponds can be used in the garden. They look good individually but also in several, for example in series. Important is the location or location. Sun is needed, but bright midday sun is not ideal. Who wants to use plants, must choose the appropriate varieties. They must not be too big and not spread. In addition, algae are often a problem. Plants fight it, but it becomes difficult in plant-less containers. It is often necessary to resort to chemistry here. If you like splashing, you can use a pump and / or fountain.Even in the smallest pool there are many design options.