Interesting facts about the four-leaf clover


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Finding a four-leaf clover in a meadow or on the grass is a special treat. Because researchers suspect that only one among thousands is actually vierbl├Ąttrig. This means that a specific search requires a lot of patience and still does not guarantee success. Although a true four-leaf clover is something very special - but since only the least time for an extensive search, just buy at the beginning of the New Year many so-called lucky clover, which is always four-petalled by nature.

Original meaning

The shamrock has been an important symbolic meaning for centuries. In Christianity, the three-leaved shamrock has always been a symbol of the Trinity and is often found in pictorial representations. The four-leaf clover, on the other hand, originally represented the Cross and the four Gospels. In addition, it was believed that the biblical figure Eve had taken a four-leaf clover as a souvenir from paradise, so that it still embodies a piece of paradise for Christians today.

But not only the Christians attributed to Klee special qualities. For example, among the Celts, Clover should ward off evil spells and lend magical powers. And in the Middle Ages, four-leaf clover was sewn to the clothing to protect the wearer from misfortune when traveling.

Clover as a national plant

For the Irish, the three-leaved shamrock (the "shamrock") has even become a national symbol. Every year on the 17th of March the so-called St. Patrick's Day is celebrated and the whole house is decorated with clover leaves. The eponym of the holiday is Saint Patrick, who explained the divine trinity to the Irishman on the basis of the shamrock.

Clover as a crop

Clover has a certain importance as a crop. In symbiosis with nodule bacteria, it ensures that nitrogen is bound from the air and becomes usable. Therefore, meadow clover or red clover (Trifolium pratense) is used in agriculture as green manure and also serves as a fodder plant for cattle and other livestock.

The four-leaf clover - a mutation

four-leaf clover

To find a four-leaf clover of the true clover (Trifolium), it really takes patience and luck

Most people find it extremely difficult to find a four-leaf clover. Why are there any four-leaf clover leaves? Science knows surprisingly little about it. Although a gene mutation is the cause of the increased number of leaves, so that there are not only four, but also five- and even mehrbl├Ąttrige shamrocks, but why and how often these mutations occur, remains a mystery. By the way: The shamrock with the most leaves ever found was even 18-leaves! The largest collection of four-leaf clovers is owned by Edward Martin of Alaska. He has collected more than 100,000 shamrocks in the past 18 years - mostly traveling, because Klee is not native to Alaska.

Lucky clover is not a real clover

Fortunately you can not buy, but lucky clover - the turn of the year in the garden center even pot-shaped. Since four-leaf clovers are so rare, resourceful gardeners have unceremoniously introduced the exclusively four-petal clover as a green lucky charm. It will be given away especially at New Year and should bring - what else - happiness in the new year.

Gl├╝cksklee

Lucky clover (Oxalis tetraphylla) is the classic gift plant on New Year's Eve

But what is referred to as lucky clover is in the botanical sense, no clover and not related to the real clover. The latter is called botanically Trifolium and already indicates with his name on the triplet lameness. There are about 230 different species, including the native red clover and the commonly found in the lawn and on meadows late-flowering white clover (Trifolium repens). The lucky clover is a so-called sorrel (Oxalis tetraphylla), which is native to Mexico. He belongs to the family of the sorrel family and has nothing to do with the similar to the appearance of the legume family (Fabaceae) true clover. It forms in contrast to this no creeping rhizomes, but small tubers.
Tip: Lucky clover can be cultivated throughout the year as a houseplant - even if it usually lands on the compost in the spring. He forms with good care even quite beautiful flowers. For this he needs a bright and cool location (10 to 15┬░ C) and should be watered sparingly. If you want, you can cultivate the lucky clover on the balcony or terrace in frost-free weather. Here he usually feels much better than in the warm, low-light apartment.The winter he spends best in the house.

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