The Content Of The Article:
- Propagation by cuttings
- Rooted ivy in water
- Put ivy in soil
- Increase ivy by offshoot
- The further care of the young plants
Ivy is a grateful and easy-to-maintain green plant: Whether for the greening of walls, fences or walls, as a hanging plant in the flower basket or as groundcover - the shade-loving climbing wood grows steadily and forms dense mats with the years. With so much plant material, it should not be difficult to grow ivys yourself. But again and again hobby gardeners have problems rooting their ivy cuttings. We introduce the best ways to increase ivy and explain step by step how to do it.
Propagation by cuttings
The cuttings propagation is actually not difficult with the ivy, but needs a little patience. It is suitable for both houseplants and garden ivy. One can either cut head cuttings (branches with shoot tips) or partial cuttings (middle parts of the branches), whereby the latter grow better and often branch better. To grow ivy, it is best to use annual shoots that are no longer too soft, but are also slightly woody and have not yet formed adherent roots. Ivy tea plants are cut in late summer, usually in September. With sufficiently large plants, the cuttings can be cut for propagation but also earlier. Each clone should be about ten inches long and have at least two, better three leaf nodes. Remove the bottom leaves with a knife or sharp secateurs and allow the cuttings to air dry for a few hours. To multiply your ivy, you can now root the branches at about 20 degrees Celsius, either in water or in soil.
Our tip: Since there are usually plenty of tendrils on ivy plants, it's best to cut a few more cuttings than you need at the end. Thus, even in case of failure, the supply of young plants is secured.
Rooted ivy in water
Ivy cuttings rooted very well in a water glass
For cultivation in a glass of water, simply place the ivy lute in a container of tap water. It has been shown that rooting in brown or green glass is often more successful than clear glass vessels. The latter can also be easily wrapped in aluminum foil to darken it and thus promote rooting. Use a container with a large opening, as narrow bottlenecks can damage the young roots when pulled out. Since ivy is a shade-loving plant, the vessel should be bright, but not in the sun. From time to time fill up with water depending on evaporation so that the level does not drop. If the water becomes cloudy, it should be replaced. If the roots are about two centimeters long, the ivy can be transplanted into a small pot. Root formation is usually faster in water than in soil, but the plant must then get used to the substrate in the pot again - which does not always succeed.
Put ivy in soil
If you want to root the cuttings directly into soil, put the twigs into several pots with a mixture of potting soil and sand. Make sure the cuttings are just below the first leaf in the ground. Tip: For a better replication rate, immerse the interface in a rooting powder based on algae lime (for example "Neudofix") - this helps the plantlet gain a foothold in the soil. The cuttings are then poured and covered the pot with a transparent hood or a freezer bag. Now it's time to wait: in a not too bright place, the ivy shoots root within eight weeks. After that, the cover can be removed.
Young ivy plants that have propagated through cuttings and have formed root systems that are strong in soil
Robust ivy varieties can, if, for example, the existing Efeuteppich be denser, in protected places also be plugged directly into the garden. Cuttings will be cut from one to two years old wood from the end of February to the end of March. They should be at least 20 centimeters long and all side shoots should be shortened to short lugs. Deflate the lower half, insert the drive pieces with the lower third directly into the beetroot and pour well. The success rate varies greatly with this technique and depends mainly on the soil and location: The soil should be humus rich, loose, evenly moist and shady the site. Nevertheless, it is a straightforward method, if the need is not great or enough material is produced at the cut of the mother plants anyway.
Increase ivy by offshoot
Another way to increase ivy is to produce offshoots. For this purpose, in the summer months, a long, one-year-old ivy branch is laid on the ground, defoliated in several places, each anchored in a shallow depression with a tent-hook and covered with humus soil.In the course of late summer, the shoot forms new roots in these places, which should each be about 30 to 40 centimeters apart. In order to promote the rooting, you can always attach a short wound cut on the bottom of the shoot. Next spring, cut the rooted shoot off the mother plant, carefully dig up the rooted spots, and cut the shoot under each root. Depending on the length, you will receive several new seedlings from one eucalyptus.
The further care of the young plants
In late summer, increased by cuttings ivy plants should be cultivated the first winter in the house. They grow here easily because they have no problems with the sparse light. Only from March you harden the young plants and then plant them in the bed. Just in the first year on a sufficient soil moisture, because the small plantlets otherwise dry out quickly. You do not need to overwinter in the house due to offspring or free-range cuttings. It is transplanted each spring or simply grows on the spot. In order for the ivy to become dense, all existing shoots should be cut back halfway through planting to encourage branching. Attention: Whether in the house or in the bed - in the first year after the propagation an ivy usually grows only slowly. Only from the second year, the plant gets a significant growth spurt and is from then on no brakes.