Japanese carnation - planting, cultivating & cutting back


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Although the Japanese carnation cherry with its attractive flower is a small exotic, but it can be easily cultivated considering some care instructions in this country.

Japanese carnation cherry

The Japanese carnation cherry is a plant of the rose family. East Asian cherry or Oriental cherry are other common names. The ornamental cherries are preferably planted in parks and along avenues.

Japanese carnation cherries are unique in their home garden. The summer green trees can grow about three to five meters high. Not only the cherry blossom in May is an eye-catcher, also with its attractive autumn color the carnation cherry can be seen.

A short pleasure - flowering and customs

Between the end of April and the middle of May, the half-filled pink flowers of the Japanese carnation cherry appear. The flowers are in a nice contrast to the coppery leaves. The different types of Japanese cherry have differences in flower color and flower shape. Also the time of flowering varies. Some species already bloom at the end of March. Late varieties are in bloom at the end of May. However, the flowering period lasts only a few days and the spectacle is over at the end of May and the flowers fall to the ground.

The cherry blossom has a high priority in Japan. The delicacy of flowering is associated with pure and simple life, one of the maxims of Japanese culture. The short flowering and passing away at the height of their splendor is often equated with brave young warriors and samurai, which has been preserved in Japanese culture for many centuries.

The species of Japanese carnation cherry

The Japanese Pink Cherry - small but nice

The Japanese Hanging Cherry is also a good choice for small gardens. The plants form funnel-shaped treetops and have strongly overhanging branches. Initially, the pink-bellied cherry is upright, while older plants show the characteristic arc-shaped branches that often reach the ground. The hanging cherry grows about three to five meters high. The pink flowers, which are reminiscent of carnations, appear in April.

Japanese pink-bellied cherry prefers a loose and nutrient-rich garden soil and prefers to grow in a sunny spot. In the first years, the plant can thrive well in the tub. Here, the increased water and nutrient needs to be considered. The bucket should have at least a capacity of 30 liters.

Other varieties with their special features at a glance

plant speciesexplanation
columns cherry
  • The special feature of this ornamental cherry species is its columnar growth habit.
  • Often the up to six meters high pillar cherries are planted in gardens.
  • The columnar cherry has light pink flowers.
Hokusai
  • This ornamental cherry came to Europe in the mid-19th century.
  • Due to the spreading habit, this plant needs a lot of space.
  • The semi-double flowers are light pink.
  • Striking is the pretty autumn color.
shirofugen
  • Around 1900, this strain was introduced in Europe.
  • The tree can grow up to nine meters high and is more common in parks.
  • The leaves are strikingly large.
  • The filled, light pink flowers appear comparatively late.
Tai Haku
  • The "Great White Cherry" has the peculiarity of a white blossom.
  • The strong tree is about eight feet high.
  • The copper-red leaves are about 15 inches long and up to ten inches wide.
Shimidsu Sakura
  • Popular as a garden plant, this species is also called "Longipes".
  • The species, which has been known in Europe since the beginning of the 20th century, stands out with its large white flowers.
  • The flowering time is comparatively late between May and June.
  • Also the golden yellow autumn color impressed.
Ukon
  • This variety grows particularly abundant.
  • The leaves appear reddish brown.
  • A special feature are the yellowish-white flowers, which fade in the course of flowering.

So plant the Japanese carnation cherry

The Japanese carnation cherry can also be an eye-catcher in smaller gardens. If the demands on the location and the soil are observed and care mistakes are avoided, the hobby gardener will enjoy this exotic plant with its pretty flower.

Location:

The Japanese Clove Cherry is fairly undemanding in terms of location. So that the flowers show quite numerous, a sunny location is preferred. For the specimen plant, a full sunshine can be chosen. Enough distance to other plants should be given, so that the plant can remain in its location and does not have to be transplanted, which is less well tolerated by older plants.

" Tip: The Japanese carnation cherry can grow several meters high. This is important to consider when choosing a location. The plants should not be transplanted if possible.

In short:

✔ sunny
✔ unique position
✔ enough distance to other plants

❍ Substrate:

On the ground, the plant makes no great demands. A clay-rich and nutrient-rich soil accelerates the growth. It is advisable to loosen the substrate sufficiently before planting and enrich it with compost or peat. Then the Japanese carnation cherry already receives a long-term fertilizer with the planting.

" Tip: The soil should not be too compact, then the deep root has a hard time developing its root system and grows more slowly because the roots then have to find a way into the latitude.

In the form of a cure:

✔ fresh
✔ wet
✔ nutrient-rich
✔ containing clay
✔ easy

❍ Planting instructions:

❶ best planting time - autumn
Wäss Water rootballs
Aus Dig out the planting hole at least twice the width and depth of the root ball
An Enrich soil with compost
Lock loosen hard floors
Einsetzen Insert root ball
Auf Fill the earth
And Press the floor well
Ang plenty of watering and pounding
Anlegen Create pouring edge around the plant

This is how to properly cultivate the Japanese carnation cherry

Japanese carnation cherry blossom

❍ pouring:

After planting, the Japanese carnation cherries need uniform irrigation. Otherwise, no special criteria must be taken into account when casting. The plant does not like waterlogging, nor should the soil dry out. By leaving the leaves hanging, the plant indicates when there is an additional need for moisture in hot summers. In summer, it is advisable to create a pouring edge around the plant so that the water can be distributed evenly. Gießränder be created when planting the carnation cherry and are regularly provided with a mulch layer. This protects against weeds and stops the evaporation of water on hot days.

& raquo: Tip: The Japanese carnation loves watering with lime-free rainwater.

❍ Fertilize:

The Japanese carnation cherry has no increased nutrient requirement. To get a particularly expressive flowering, many hobby gardeners use a phosphorus fertilizer. But since many domestic garden soils are more likely to have a surplus of phosphorus, a more economical fertilization is recommended. Certainty brings an analysis of the soil. Synthetic fertilizers are usually rich in nitrogen, which can also have a negative impact and encourage sprouting rather than lush flowering. Compost and other organic fertilizers are available, which the plant can fall back on if necessary, without over-fertilization.

Some species can also be cultivated in the bucket. Container plants have an increased need for water and nutrients. The bucket should be big enough to give the roots enough space. The substrate should be enriched with compost and during the flowering period a liquid fertilizer with a high phosphorus content may additionally be used.

❍ pruning:

The clearing of the Japanese carnation cherry can take place immediately after flowering. The branches are cut for this purpose directly on the trunk and not only proportionately shortened. In the first years of cutting measures is to be foreseen. For cuts, the summer months are to choose the cropping in winter is not tolerated. As the plants develop a lot of plant juice in the cold season, they would bleed heavily, which has a negative impact on growth and can lead to winter damage.

" Tip: First cutting measures should be carried out on plants of at least three years old.

During the first pruning, special care should be taken to remove only the oldest shoots. These are usually easily recognizable on a darker bark. If there is already a wide branching, the side shoots can be shortened, so that an attractive growth habit can be maintained.

For older plants, an annual pruning in summer is appropriate. Use clean and sharp cutting tools. Cutting measures are stressful for the plant and can damage it. In addition to dead branches, branches and shoots that have grown too fast and thus affect the shape of the plant should also be removed.

" Danger: The Japanese carnation cherry is sensitive to cutting measures. Therefore, a wound closure agent should be applied to the affected branches after the cut.

❍ increase:

Socket timbers have proven to be a successful method of propagation. This will be successful even inexperienced hobby gardeners. When the leaves have fallen off and there is no frost, the best time to cut the wood is. It lignified shoots are chosen, which should be about 15 inches long.

" Tip: Pay attention to the presence of several pairs of eyes, so that later new shoots can develop there.

If you want to accelerate the rooting, rubbing the lower ends of the woods with a root powder can be helpful.The sticks are now placed in potting soil. The distance should be about ten centimeters. Alternatively, individual planters can be used. The Steckhölzer can remain over the winter in the field, because most
Varieties of ornamental cherries are hardy.

With a successful multiplication new impulses should show up in the spring. Choose particularly strong plants and place them in a suitable location. Propagation, however, is not always successful. Another disadvantage is the flowering, which appears in cuttings only after a few years. If you bring less patience and would like to enjoy the flowering as soon as possible, you should fall back on the grafted plants offered in the specialized trade.

❍ overwintering:

The Japanese Clove Cherry is hardy and needs no special protection during the cold season. Young plants should be protected from major changes in temperature during the first winter. Container plants are more susceptible to frost and can be protected from frost by being wrapped in a garden mat. Placing the planter on a styrofoam pad also prevents the frost from attacking the roots of the plant.

Detect and combat pests and diseases

The Japanese carnation cherry proves to be generally easy to care for. Taking into account the location, soil condition and casting behavior, the plant will prove robust and resilient.

Nevertheless, the carnation cherry is not completely spared from pests and diseases.

May occur:

  • tip burn
  • Shotgun disease
  • Winter Moth

The lace drought - danger to the shoots

This fungal disease is also known under the name Monilia and leads to a death of the shoot tips. Often the disease is observed immediately after flowering. Affected branches are to be cut back into the healthy wood. As long as brown spots still show in cross-section, the infestation is not completely eliminated and another pruning is necessary.

" Danger: Varieties with thin shoots are more likely to be attacked by lace drought, than ornamental cherries with stronger shoots.

The shotgun disease - danger to the leaves

If unsightly holes appear in the leaves of the Japanese carnation cherry and reddish to brownish spots appear, these are signs of shotgun disease, an infestation with the fungus Stigmina carpophila. As the fungus overwinters in the leaves, the disease usually occurs in spring. The shotgun disease usually affects already weakened plants and is a frequent consequence of care mistakes. Even with a too humid climate an infestation occurs more frequently. Diseased leaves should be removed and should not be disposed of on the compost. Spraying with a brew of field horsetail has also proven itself.

The frost tensioner - danger to the entire plant

If you can observe a balding sensation of the leaves in the spring, the frost tensioner was probably at work. The caterpillars of the Frostspanner are particularly voracious and those who do not react in time, will soon have a bare tree in front of them. The collection of the animals is only partially successful and extremely laborious, especially in older plants. With glue traps to be attached to the trunk, the females are prevented from reaching the treetop and laying eggs there.

Keep the Japanese carnation cherry as bonsai

Ornamental cherries are popular bonsai plants. The most popular bonsai varieties come from Japan. The bonsai needs a bright and sunny location. The blazing sun in summer is to be avoided. When casting tact is needed, waterlogging is just as little tolerated as ball dry of the plant gets. From the flowering period until the end of August can be fertilized. When cutting, pay attention to the flower buds. These form already in the fall. After flowering, the pruning can be done down to the old wood. Every two to three years, the bonsai should be repotted. For this a special bonsai mixture is to be used. The design has no limits, all styles can be realized. When wireing the sensitive bark should be wrapped with bast to protect the bonsai from injury. Even in winter, the bonsai needs protection.

Video Board: How to Grow and Care Carnation Flowering Plant // कारनेशन की देखभाल.

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