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Despite its name, it may be assumed that the Japanese string tree (bot.: Styphnolobium japonicum or. Sophora japonica) not from Japan, but originally from the dry forests of China. Nevertheless, its natural range extends from all over China to Korea and Japan, where the Japanese cord tree is not only appreciated for its almost majestic appearance, but also because of the supposedly beneficial effects of its flowers. In addition, the flowers are even used in Asian cuisine.
In Europe, however, the Japanese tree is planted primarily for its undeniable beauty, although it should be noted that, due to its relatively late flowering period, it also proves to be an invaluable nursery for bees. This is also the explanation why the Japanese cord tree is often referred to as honey tree.
The Japanese string tree, which is otherwise referred to as a pearl tree, pagoda tree or sapphire tree, usually begins to flower only from the second half of the summer. Here it forms panicle-like grapes with yellowish-white flowers, which can be up to 30 cm long. Up to 8 cm long pods grow from the flower clusters in the autumn, which visually resemble ordinary bean pods. In addition, it should be noted that the Japanese string tree usually comes in the first flower from the 12th year or even later.
The Japanese string tree proves to be as frugal with regard to its location claims. So it can flourish on almost any surface, no matter whether it is slightly acidic, strongly alkaline, purely sandy, gritty or containing clay. The only important thing is that the soil is not too wet, because the Japanese cord tree is very sensitive to waterlogging. For this reason, it is also advisable to optimize the soil according to its nature to the extent that it can drain water as best as possible. However, the string tree is considered very sun-hungry, which is why its location should be as light as possible flooded. Furthermore, it should be noted that he can reach a height of 20 meters and more. In addition, pine trees form extremely broad crowns that can extend to the ground, so they should not be planted near facades or sidewalks. Apart from that, when planting, of course, care must be taken that the soil is free of water and power lines.
The Japanese string tree is a very easy to maintain plant that can easily survive even longer dry periods. As a result, at least older trees do not need to be extra-cast. In the case of young trees that have just been planted fresh, it may be advisable to wet their soil regularly, at least in the case of particularly hot and extremely dry summers. Apart from that, the tree care is limited to an on-demand clearing of the crown, although of course the Japanese lace tree can of course also be cut into shape.
The best time for this is autumn, as soon as the last leaves have fallen off. If required, another shape cut can be made in the following late summer after flowering. By a rigorous pruning in the spring, however, is strictly discouraged. For although the honey tree begins to knock out relatively late, the pressure in which the sap is transported back into the individual plant parts after the winter, should already be so high that the tree could bleed in the worst case. The only exceptions are damaged or disease-prone branches and branches, which should be removed promptly, even in spring and during flowering. After removing diseased parts of the plant, however, the tool used must be thoroughly cleaned, as otherwise further cuts could lead to renewed infection. Tip: When cutting large trees, you should always use a real lift for your own safety.
Although Japanese pine trees love sun and warmth, they are so sturdy that they can withstand temperatures from -25° C to not quite -30° C and even longer-lasting ground frost mostly completely harmless. Consequently, in older trees, no special measures for wintering must be made. In the case of young trees that have recently been planted, however, it is advisable to protect their roots from excessive cold with the aid of a thick layer of mulch which is spread over the soil over a large area of the soil.
You can multiply Japanese tendril trees by sowing their mature seeds. The best times for sowing are either late autumn or early spring. Alternatively, you can simply try to pull more string trees out of cuttings.All you have to do is cut off some fresh twigs and place them in water until roots form at the interfaces. Instead, you can of course also put the cut branches straight into the garden with their interface and then water the floor well. However, the chances of success are much worse than if you let the branches take root in a container with water. It should be noted that even in the case of preferred cuttings the soil must be wetted at least until the roots have grown properly.
Related Type: Mourning Tree
As noted previously, Japanese show trees can become very large and form huge crowns. As a result, regular showers are also recommended only for large gardens. Fortunately, there are smaller breeds and so-called Mourning Tree, which are ideal even for small and medium bones. The outstanding peculiarity of the said mourning tree is that it is much smaller than the Japanese string tree, but in no way inferior to its great role model on the part of its decorative character. It should be noted that the Mourning Tree is usually not a real string tree in the strict sense. Instead, it is usually a simple high stem, which has been refined using cord trees. As a result, among other things, the trunks of the Mourning Tree may gain in size in the years to come but will not grow any further.
frequently asked Questions
- Can I use the fallen cord tree to mulch? - You can safely use the string tree foliage to mulch your tree, provided that it is free of potential pathogens. For other plants, however, caution is required.
- Can Japanese string trees be planted in tubs? - The Japanese string tree can thrive in big buckets. However, it is advisable to take this directly to special line trees, which are not particularly large by itself and therefore have a relatively lower need for nutrients.
- Since when is there actually Japanese cord tree in this country? - According to tradition, the first Schnurbäume arrived in 1747 to Europe. But when they came to us exactly, in retrospect, can not be said incontestably.
Location and care
- The Japanese string tree is very easy to care for and grows on any normal garden soil. Waterlogging he does not tolerate like many other plants.
- A very heavy and dense soil should therefore be improved before planting to provide the necessary water removal.
- As a location, a sunny or at least very bright place in the garden is recommended.
- A newly planted tree must be watered regularly in the first time, but later it can provide itself with the necessary water. Young trees should be protected in winter by spreading a thick layer of leaves or mulch on the ground around the trunk.
- However, after the tree has grown well, it is very frost hardy and therefore no longer needs protection.
- The Japanese cord tree sprouts late in the spring, but its leaves remain hanging on the branches for a very long time in autumn.
- It blooms only in the middle of summer, but it can take many years before flowers show themselves on such a tree for the first time.
- They have a creamy white color and stand in panicles, which can have a length of up to 30 cm.
- Because of the late flowering period, they are an important source of food for bees and other insects.
- From August to autumn, long legumes form with the seeds. Their shells as well as the seeds are very poisonous.
- They taste sour, that is why the Japanese string tree is also called sour pear tree. Further names are Honigbaum and Perlschnurbaum.
- A Japanese string tree does not necessarily have to be cut, but it can be lighted if necessary.
- However, this cut should not be done in the spring, because then the plant sap, which rises up, is under high pressure and it can bleed out.
- For a pruning, therefore, the summer and fall are better suited.