Cutting jasmine plant properly - Jasminum officinale


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jasmine

The jasmine plant is an attractive and cut friendly climbing plant with slender and angular shaped shoots, which should ideally grow on a trellis. In the course of late summer, caterpillars develop on the plant, which are provided with strongly fragrant flowers. These flowers are in the Jasminum officinale of a bright white color. The jasmine plant grows relatively fast and must therefore be cut regularly. In addition, a pruning is also important for the promotion of instinct formation and the preservation of abundance of flowers.

Characteristics

The jasmine plant is a dainty olive tree and is originally from China, but it is also wild in Ceylon and India. The fast-growing climber needs a regular pruning to bloom and grow long-lasting magnificently. The Jasminum officinale is not hardy due to its origin from warmer regions and must be kept in a planter. The following aspects are important in the jasmine plant:
  • in this country exclusively for the Kübelhaltunggeeignet
  • completely green only in the summer months
  • Flowering period from June to September
  • unfolds strongly fragrant and white flowers
  • dark and narrow leaves, very similar to the leaves of the olive tree
  • Blossoms are surrounded by five elongated leaves that diverge in a star shape
  • Petals have a long stamp in their center
  • In the summer you can sit outside on the balcony, the terrace or in the garden
  • needs a bright place to spend the winter, with temperatures between 5° -10° C
  • without a cool period of rest in winter, the flowering stops
  • bind long shoots to a round arch or trellis
  • as a container plant in the room usually about 0.5-2 meters high
  • with a climbing aid, the plant can grow 4-8 meters in height
  • very cut compatible plant, copes with almost any cut
Tip: Not only the shoots grow vigorously and quickly, but also the roots. However, the repotting should always be done with a sufficient distance to the pruning, so that the jasmine plant has sufficient time to recover.

time

The right time to pruning is crucial for the development of the jasmine plant, both for the formation of the shoots and for the wealth of the flowers. Ideally, the Jasminum officinale is pruned in early spring so that the plant can develop magnificently in the early summer. The later the pruning is applied, the later the climbing plant will blossom. Without pruning, the jasmine plant becomes lazy, as the flowers mainly form on the new shoots. The following aspects should be noted at the time of editing:
  • Cut early, ideal is March
  • cut back just before the shoot
  • for regions with mild winters, pruning is already possible in February
  • do not prune during flowering and resting

Real or wrong jasmine?

Of course, to be aware of the peculiarities of editing, you need to know exactly which jasmine you actually have in front of you. For a gift z. For example, this is not always clear:
  • The real jasmine or Jasminum officinale belongs to the family of olive trees. He comes from warm areas of China and Japan and grows now also on the Mediterranean, as an olive tree plant only natural. The true jasmine is green only in the summer, and its dark and narrow leaves look quite similar to those of an olive tree. Its flowers are white with five elongated leaves that diverge in a star shape and have a single long pistil in the middle.
  • The wrong jasmine or pipe shrub or Philadelphus coronarius, on the other hand, belongs to the family of hydrangea plants, which originate from colder regions and therefore feel well in German gardens. He has slightly lighter, slightly velvety and serrated leaves, and by its flowers, he is probably more clearly distinguishable from the genuine jasmine, namely, have small and almost round white leaves with many short yellow stamps in the middle.
Because of the fragrance, the two Jasmine can not be differentiated: The false jasmine got this name just because of the similar to the Jasminum officinale fragrance.

Cut jasmine officinale

jasmine

If you do not have a Philadelphus, but a real jasmine, of course, just needs his cutback. Although this real jasmine is not particularly closely related to the pipe shrub, as illustrated below, he has at least one thing in common with his namesake: He likes to be trimmed with good success. However, you should pay attention to some subtle differences:
  • With real jasmine, you should really take the care cut seriously, because this plant, which we usually keep in the tub, takes some time to develop into a nice, expansive shape.
  • Although true jasmine can withstand a rough cut, it would be a pity, because it takes quite a long time until the bucket looks really decorative again.
  • That's why the real jasmine gets a cutback every year just before budding, and really every year, and you should take some time for this cut.
  • For this plant, you must be careful to give it as much as possible, otherwise this jasmine will tend to use flowers only at the outer ends.
  • However, this jasmine always needs a new and larger bucket, if its roots already take almost the whole pot. The repot should then be made in any case at a time interval to the cutting measures, both at once would stress the plant too much.

Thin out

The lightening of the jasmine plant ensures that new drives can regrow without lack of space and the desired shape is always maintained. Since it takes a relatively long time before the plant looks decorative again after a radical clearing, not too much should be cut off at once:
Auslichten during the growing season at any time
  • ideally after flowering in early autumn
  • auslichten thoroughly, otherwise there are only on the outer shooter flowers
  • Auslichtungsschnitt makes room for young shoots
  • do not cut off young shoots when making out
  • Remove old, dappled and dense shoots after flowering
  • When cutting, pay attention to a circular base
  • maintain natural cut
  • in bucket attitude, it takes some time to develop beautiful and expansive shape
  • also tolerates a clumsy cut, but better is careful approach
Tip: For propagation, cuttings can be used. so that a newly grown cuttings can train multiple shoots in a timely manner, the main drive is to be unwound from a length of about 30 cm.

pruning

The jasmine is extremely cut tolerant and needs this process necessarily for its life cycle. Conventional pruning of the jasmine plant distinguishes between two types, which are performed differently depending on the purpose of pruning. If the pruning does not take place, the summer bloomer forms in the long term only a few flowers, which form exclusively on the fresh shoots. The following criteria must be observed when pruning:
  • Caring cut annually at the beginning of spring
  • Shorten about one third of the plant
  • can be cropped without problem, as there is a constant budding
  • Pruning for the promotion of flowering
  • Cut radically and directly at the base of the shoots
  • In this way, many new and vigorous flower shoots are formed
  • Cut out woody shoots generously
  • Pruning for the maintenance of a certain size
  • for size maintenance, cut off only all side shoots leaving the main gears
  • Do not rush, but with time and leisure
  • even heavily trimmed plants willingly revive again
Tip: When pruning, it is advantageous to wear gardening gloves. Because it releases a milk juice, which can lead to unpleasant irritations of the skin.

radically cut

With a Radikalschnitt the jasmine plant is rejuvenated and flourish again much more splendidly. After that, it takes longer, but it grows completely, but the summer bloomer can recover after the rejuvenation cut on the whole line and grow back healthy and strong:
  • Do not rejuvenate until the plant is 3-5 years old
  • at the beginning of the spring
  • approx. every 2-3 years
  • When radical cutting the plant shorten vigorously
  • Shorten the longest branches, cut back every third of the oldest branches to the ground
  • over two thirds of the plant can be completely cut off
  • Ground-deep cut also completely possible
  • Jasmine is always growing strongly again
  • promotes good health and abundance of flowers
Conclusion
The jasmine plant is an extremely cut-tolerant summer flower, which enchants with sweet-smelling flowers. Due to the strong growth an annual pruning is necessary, thereby increasing the richness of the flowering phase. The lightening can be done at any time during the growing season if necessary, however, the Jasminum officinale should be able to rest in winter without disturbances. A radical cut provides for the rejuvenation and strengthens the health of the plant. A more radical cut can cut up to two-thirds or even all the way to the bottom, but then it takes longer for the plant to flower again.

Worth knowing soon

  • We know as jasmine the pipe shrub (Philadelphus), which is also called False Jasmine.
  • Real jasmine can only be kept in the bucket with us and is not very widespread.
  • Much more common is the false jasmine. This blooms on the new shoot (this year's drive).
  • As with most summer flowering plants, the pruning is done just before budding in early spring.
  • When editing it depends on why you cut. Should the plant be downsized or only be stimulated to flower?
  • If the size is to remain, only all side shoots outgoing from the main shoots are cut off radically right at the base.
  • For rejuvenation you can cut down the plant vigorously. Jasmine tolerates every cut and willingly drives out again.
  • It is best to cut back to one third. But you can also cut floor to floor, so radical.
  • Of course, it then takes a long time until a beautiful bush has grown again, which shines with many good smelling flowers.
  • You should cut as early as possible. The later you cut, the later the jasmine flowers.
  • Without pruning, the plant is lazy, especially the fresh shoots are blooming.
  • Many gardeners also cut their jasmine after flowering. The Auslichtungsschnitt serves to make room for the young shoots.
  • When cutting, pay attention to a nice circular base. This is how the shrub looks nice, of course.
  • When cutting you better wear gardening gloves, because the exiting milk juice can cause skin irritation.

Video Board: How to grow jasmine plant from cuttings.

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