Ornamental fir - care, propagation and wintering

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Ornamental fir - Araucaria araucana

Meanwhile, the species is protected, but can usually be admired only in national parks.


The jewelry fir is very slow growing is usually between 10 to 30 cm high. In Germany it will be as small tree between 5 to 10 meters high and three to four meters wide. However, at particularly good locations, the jewelry can also be up to 25 meters high. In protected front gardens, the jewelry fir can therefore be annoying, especially female trees can be large and expansive male trees remain rather small and low.
The jewelry fir impresses with its unusual needles or leaves. The piercing, broad triangular needles or leaves are arranged spirally on the branches. The branches are horizontally arranged in a circle on the trunk of the jewelry fir, thereby creating ever new floors on the tree this can be seen especially in young jewelry firs. The fir tree is an exotic winter-hardy eye-catcher in local gardens and is very popular with hobby gardeners.



The jug bears flowers only after many years, usually in the thirtieth year. Flowering time is in summer from July to August. Special feature, in the jewelry fir, there are male and female trees. The flowers of the female trees stand as 15 cm large spherical pegs upright on the branches, in male trees hang cylindrical cones on the branches. After one to three years, the cones decay and release the ripe seeds. The seed of the fir is up to 4 cm long and even edible, even the Indians estimated the seeds of the fir as a particularly protein-rich food.


The fir tree prefers very bright and sunny locations. The soil should be slightly permeable but still moist, low in acidity, moderately rich in nutrients. Waterlogging must be avoided at all costs. Interim grafting does not tolerate the plant very well. In particular, the risk of hurting the roots is quite high. Anyone planning to plant a Chilean fir in the near future will surely find it interesting that he adds one of the oldest living plant species to his garden.


During the growing season the jewelry fir must not be dry. The jewelry fir must be poured abundantly and regularly. Important: Waterlogging must be avoided, therefore, only pour when the upper layer of soil is dry again. The jewelery fir tolerates dryness rather than wetness. As long as the jewelry fir is still in a planter it should be fertilized every 2 - 3 weeks with a commercially available fertilizer.


The young jewelry fir does not tolerate frost very well, so it is advisable to have a good antifreeze or the hibernation in a planter in a frost-protected place. Older jewelry firs are hardy to -15° C, but these low temperatures should not last too long. In general, the Christmas fir is sensitive to the winter sun in winter.

Ornamental fir - Araucaria araucana

Longer periods of frost can add to the jewelry fir. She is very sensitive to cold frost and simultaneous winter sun. Unfortunately, this leads to evaporation while the soil is still frozen and can not absorb water. In the worst case, the whole tree dries up, or individual leaves (needles) can die off. In Germany, it is therefore rather advisable to plant the jewelry fir on the north side in the garden. In addition, you can protect the jewelry fir by attaching a thick layer of straw on the trunk, thereby preventing the soil completely freezes.
In winter you should check the fir regularly and keep an eye on. Mostly, the jewelry fir is kept at a young age in a planter to the tree for the winter to get into the house. After a relatively long life, the jewelry fir flowers and can even relatively easily multiply. As a threatened species, the fir is protected in your home and there almost exclusively in the National Park to find.


The fir propagates through seed sowing in late autumn, only note that the seed must never be dry and can only tolerate freezing cold down to -15° C. Seed the seed immediately after the tire. You can also overwinter the seed in moist sand in a plastic bag in the fridge. Please keep seedlings bright.


In your home trees are said to be up to 1,000 years old. Therefore, it is good to consider whether you want to plant this beautiful exotic in the local garden because the tree is extremely durable. In the age the Schmucktanne far above is free of branches.


The fir is very sensitive to waterlogging, this manifests itself in brown needles usually the tree is then already infected by a fungal disease.Once struck by a fungus, the fir tree is beyond saving, the fungus attacks the roots and causes root rot which sooner or later leads to the death of the tree. Therefore, waterlogging must be avoided at all costs. Therefore, rather less than pour more.

Worth knowing soon

Surely you have ever seen a jewelry fir. The unusual form of the tree, which is often found in urban parks or separately in front gardens, attracts curious glances easily. Broad, flat leaves are typical of the jewelry fir, whose almond-shaped seeds are also pretty pretty.

Ornamental fir - Araucaria araucana

The fir tree, under the botanical name Araucaria araucana is often found in northwestern Europe. Originally home, however, the species known as Andean or Monkey Tail Tree is in warmer climes. So she actually comes from Chile. Particularly striking is, as described above, the peculiar, compared to other firs almost bizarre shape. However, the extravagant look of the jewelery fir makes it a popular tree in this country as well. Related is the pretty fir, which is often planted individually, with the room fir.
  • Andean fir is a bit more expensive than comparable firs of the same size. Extravagance has its price. Smaller copies (25 to 30 cm) of the Schmucktanne are offered in local garden stores or online shops for around 30.00 euros.
  • Larger monkey tail trees, which measure around 50 to 60 cm, are available for about 75.00 - 85.00 euros from specialist retailers.
  • If you decide on a small tree, you should first consider that Andean fir grows quite slowly. 30 cm per year are to be regarded as approximate. Nevertheless, when planting the jewelry fir a lot of space must be included, since it can be quite between 10 and 15 meters high.
  • well drained soil
  • Avoid waterlogging.
  • protect against frost and winter sun in winter
  • pour less than more
  • as long as the jewelry fir is grown in a bucket, fertilize every two to three weeks with a commercially available fertilizer
  • young trees are not hardy

Video Board: Propagating Emerald Green Arborvitae from Cuttings.

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