The Content Of The Article:
- climbing aid
- to water
- Cut and harvest
Home gardeners with a penchant for natural medicinal herbs and decorative indoor plants have the Jiaogulan plant in the heart closed. The Asian climber scores with effective healing powers, which she owes the name 'herb of immortality'. Their lush growth with densely leafy tendrils and delicate flower spikes is the key to growing in the room. This guide guides you step by step through skilful care and successful multiplication.
LocationA look at the climatic conditions in their habitats reveals the ideal light and temperature conditions for the cultivation of a Jiaogulan plant in the room. Home to the perennial climbing plant in the thickets and mountain forests of Asia. Its distribution area extends to India and throughout the Malaysian region. A warm and humid climate without bright sunlight is very appealing to the primordial herb of immortality. Although a Gynostemma pentaphyllum tolerates short-term frosts to - 15 degrees Celsius, it unfolds its optimum in the typical rainforest climate. The following criteria characterize the perfect location:
- Shady to shady location on the east or west window
- Temperatures between 15 and 30 degrees Celsius
- Humidity of at least 60 percent
- Optional from May to September on the balcony in the warm, sheltered, partially shaded location
Tip: Already at the time of the Ming dynasty around 1400 after Christ, the healing effect of the Jiaogulan plant was known to the Chinese. The scholar Zhu Xiao pointed 1406 in his writings out that mountain farmers in the distribution areas of this climbing plant more than 100 years old. Daily a cup of tea with the herb of immortality is the secret for a good old age in health.
substratumThe ideal substrate is equal to a loose, well-drained forest soil. Over the path of the countless leaves, the climbing plant evaporates abundant moisture, so that the potting soil should also have a high water storage. Conventional potting soil from discounters meets the requirements only hinted. The high peat content affects the storage capacity of the water and is also highly questionable from the point of view of nature conservation. So the best possible potting soil should be structured for a Jiaogulan plant:
- Nutrient-rich potted soil with wood or coconut fiber as peat substitute
- Addition of quartz sand, lava granules or perlite respiratory flakes to optimize permeability
- pH between 5.5 and 8.0 (ideally 6.5 to 7.0)
Considering its impressive size with up to 300 cm long tendrils and a correspondingly large root ball, the pot for a Jiaogulan plant must not be too small. We recommend for the cultivation in the room a vessel volume of 10 to 20 liters, at a depth of 30 cm. Ideally, the planter is made of plastic because clay tubs cool the root ball very quickly when temperatures drop. Pot size increases proportionally to growth over the years. It is not uncommon for an adult immortality herb to be displayed in a powerful bucket of more than 50 liters in volume.
climbing aidThe Jiaogulan plant is not equipped with adhesive organs, as is the case with ivy. For the tendrils to gain in height, they depend on a climbing aid. In its Asian homeland, the immortality herb uses the trunks of trees or tall shrubs to grace the sky. There are various options available for in-room installation that are as practical as they are decorative.
- Jumbo Rankturm as a plant pot with built, round climbing aid
- Bucket with integrated climbing aid, like an obelisk
- Rank-O-Twist, the extendable spiral on wooden stick with ground spike
- Plant box with integrated trellis to grow two or more Jiaogulan plants
Tip: The valuable ingredients are mainly found in the leaves of a Jiaogulan plant. However, if you try to cultivate a flowering followed by a berry stand, two Gynostemma pentaphyllum are required. As the climber grows sexually separately, please cultivate a female and male specimen in the room.
to waterA Jiaogulan plant wants a constantly moist substrate that does not dry out or sink into the water. Therefore, regularly water the plant when the surface of the soil is noticeably dry. A short finger test provides certainty about the current casting requirement. Press your thumb 1 to 2 cm into the substrate. Do not touch moisture here, pour with room-warm, stale water until the coaster fills up. To prevent waterlogging, remove excess water from the coaster after 10 minutes.
humidityIf a location in the humid bathroom is not possible, spray the houseplant at least once a week with lime-free water. A humidifier installed in the vicinity also makes a valuable contribution to a room climate with 60 percent humidity and more. Clever hobbyists fill the coasters with pebbles and water, so that the plant is continuously covered by evaporating moisture.
FertilizeFor the carefree enjoyment of the rich Jiaogulan leaves as tea or pure, mineral fertilizers are taboo. For nutrient supply, preferably use an organic liquid fertilizer, such as Compo organic vegetable fertilizer or Gardol Bio herbal fertilizer. Farm worm compost on the balcony or in the garden, the resulting worm tea provides all the nutrients that naturally drive the growth of women's ginseng. So you fertilize the herb of immortality with horticultural expertise:
- Organic fertilizer from March to October
- Add vegetable or herbal fertilizer to the water every 4 weeks
- Alternatively, administer organic fertilizer sticks with long-term effects in March and June
overwinterThe light and temperature conditions during the winter time determine whether a Jiaogulan plant throws off its leaves or not. In the field grown plants pull in their leaves completely after the first frost. As over-longing organs, only the thick root tubercles hibernate deeply in the soil, from which fresh shoots sprout in spring.
If the Asian green plant stayed on the balcony during the summer, it should be given in time, so that it continues to carry its rich foliage. When the thermometer falls below the 15-degree mark, it is high time for the move to winter quarters. For the year-round cultivation in the room, no relocation is required. All options for a successful hibernation as a houseplant we have summarized for you below:
- Without deciduous leaves: bright location at 18 to 22 degrees Celsius (for example in the temperate conservatory)
- With deciduous leaves: dark and cool at temperatures just above freezing (for example in the cellar)
- Do not fertilize from October to February
Cut and harvestAs a herbaceous climber Frauenginseng is well cut compatible. Too long tendrils you can shorten at any time with a sharp, disinfected scissors. Before placing in a dark, cool room for hibernation, trim all tendrils to a hand's breadth above the substrate. After a warm winter time on the bright windowsill, cut the shoots back by up to two-thirds in the sense of a continuous rejuvenation. Subsequently, the immortality herb drives all the more vital.
The harvest of the leaves is not bound to any fixed time schedule. If you want to make a tea from fresh leaves, just pluck the required number. To dry the healing leaves, it has been proven in practice to cut shoot tips, bundle and hang upside down in the airy place.
At intervals of two to three years, the previous pot for a Gynostemma pentaphyllum is too small. If first rhizomes are growing out of the bottom opening, or if the root tubers are pushing through the substrate, turn the plant into a larger bucket. The best time for this care measure is the early spring, immediately after pruning. How to do it right:
- Lay potsherds over the bottom opening in the new pot to protect against waterlogging
- Cover the drainage with a water- and air-permeable fleece
- Fill in a few handfuls of fresh substrate and press down with your hands
- Pot the plant and shake off the discarded substrate
- Cut out dead rotten roots with a sharp, clean knife
multiplyAs soon as you grow a jiaogulan plant in your room, you can use the path of vegetative propagation to obtain additional specimens. The focus is on two methods that are as simple as they are promising. The following two short instructions explain the exact procedure:
cuttingsIn early summer is the best time to propagate the herb of immortality by cuttings. This is how you proceed correctly:
- Cut shoot tips with a length of 10 to 15 cm
- Cut just below a sheet
- Cuttings defoliate to 2 to 4 leaves at the top
- Put in a glass of soft water on the partially shaded, warm window seat
AbsenkerThe proliferation by sinkers shifts the separation of mother plant and offspring to a later date. Here's how the best practice works:
- Fill a pot with drainage and potting soil
- Put a wooden stick in the ground at the edge of the pot
- Set up next to the adult jiaogulan plant
- Pull down a healthy, non-flowering shoot and place it on the potting soil
- At the point of contact with the substrate lightly scrape the shoot with a razor blade and complain with a stone
- Tie up drive tip of lowering device vertically on wooden stick
In contrast to vegetative propagation, the generative sowing of seeds proves to be complicated and time consuming. Furthermore, it has been found in scientific studies that the leaves of seed-propagated Jiaogulan plants contain only a small proportion of curative active ingredients.