The Content Of The Article:
To reduce the richly populated plant genus of the Kalanchoen solely to the 'Flammende Käthchen' does not do justice to the many-faceted thick-leaf plants. Among the more than 150 mostly succulent species are other representatives to discover ornamental ornamental leaves, stunning flowers or a combination of both. Get to know the most beautiful protagonists from tropical climes here. A guide to the proper care of leaf Kalanchoe shows how undemanding the elegant ornamental plants are.
The most beautiful species
Kalanchoe delagoensis - Goethe plant
The poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was so fascinated by this Kalanchoe-type that he worked as a hobby gardener and documented his experiences in detail. This succulent impresses with narrow, up to 13 centimeters long Blattquirlen, at the edges of which small children develop.
- Growth height up to 90 cm
- Orange-red bellflowers at the end of winter
The majestic species from Madagascar got the catchy name because of their up to 30 centimeters long leaves with wavy edges that actually remind of the ears of an elephant. Covered with fine hair all over, the foliage is reddish brown at the top and light brown at the bottom.
- Growth height up to 200 cm
- Pink rose flowers rarely appear in indoor culture
A leaf Kalanchoe, which impressively stages itself with mighty, blue-gray, spotted ornamental leaves. The inverted-egg-shaped contour is provided with a toothed edge.
- Growth height 50 to 130 cm
- White flower crowns are rare
This species captivates with a beautiful leaves dress in inverted-egg-shaped silhouette. Eye-catching are the gray-green leaf blades, which run to the edge into the reddish.
- Growth height 75 to 150 cm
- Yellow, radicular flowers in April and May
Here you will encounter one of the few shrub species within the succulent genus. The decorative, elongated leaves have a felty coating, which is dark red to brown-red along the toothed edges. Due to the rosette-like arrangement of foliage, this species appears very dense and compact.
- Growth height 80 to 100 cm
- Yellow-brown to purple urn flowers from April
The star within the Kalanchoen species may not be missing in this overview. As a flowering potted plant, the flaming Käthchen brings lush flowers into the dark Christmas season. In addition to the bright red flowers, it impresses with thick, fleshy leaves, dark green with red edge. Meanwhile, the trade holds numerous hybrids ready with white, red, yellow or pink flowers that are filled with opulence hard to beat.
- Growth height 15 to 25 cm
- Classic short-day plant
The worldwide popularity of the Kalanchoen has been greatly helped by the uncomplicated handling of their care. The decorative leaves dress remains even when it comes to a longer drying time or the location has no tropical humidity. Under what conditions the exotic beauties pull all the stops, explains the following instructions in detail.
Kalanchoen are recommended for all year round room culture, as well as for a place on the balcony, the terrace or in the garden during the frost free time. In contrast to most other thick-leaf plants, they accept after a habituation phase even the blazing midday sun. The Succulents do their best under the following light and temperature conditions:
- A sunny place at the east, west or south window
- From May to September, a bright spot under the open sky
- Ideal in the protection of the cold frame or other rain-safe locations
- Avoid locations with damming summer heat better
- Minimum temperature is 10 degrees Celsius
- Temperature optimum at 15 to 22 degrees Celsius
As succulent plants Kalanchoen favor a humid substrate, whereby short-term dryness is easily tolerated. While the root ball dries, air penetrates to the roots, which is very beneficial for plant health. If it comes to waterlogging, threatens root rot. How to pour properly:
- Immediately pour moderately on the pot bales
- Allow the substrate to dry on the surface until the next watering
- If in doubt, wait a few days rather than pour too early
- Give preference to collected rainwater
- Alternatively, use stale tap water
Tip: The unmistakable sign of immediate need for casting is slippery leaves in the lower plant area.
A balanced supply of nutrients at a low level supports the vitality of a leaf Kalanchoe. As long as a nitrogen-stressed dosage is avoided, any commercially available complex fertilizer is suitable. Who does not shy away from the slightly higher price, decides for a special succulent or cactus fertilizer. It is recommended to always dilute a little stronger than recommended by the manufacturer's instructions. All year round in the room cultivated species are fertilized throughout. Specimens that take a winter break will not receive fertilizer at this stage.
Apart from a few exceptions, such as the 'Flammende Käthchen', a dormant vegetation benefits the Kalanchoen during the cold season. How to do it right:
- Place bright and cool from October to March
- Temperatures of 12 to 16 degrees Celsius are optimal
- Keep Kalanchoen dry
- Do not give fertilizer
The numerous beneficial attributes of Kalanchoen are complemented by a robust cut compatibility. After flowering, it is up to you to decide to what extent the plant is trimmed. For woody species, for example, the removal of the disused inflorescences is sufficient. Herbaceous succulents can be given the desired shape with a pair of scissors or a knife. As long as at least one sleeping eye persists, the leaf Kalanchoe drives it out again.
Tip: Because some Kalanchoen species are poisonous, it is advisable to wear gloves when doing any grooming.
Propagation by cuttings
The uncomplicated method of cuttings propagation preferably takes place in the spring, when the wintry growth rest is completed. To do this, cut off the desired number of shoot tips. You place the cut just below the second or third pair of sheets. Subsequently, the offshoots undergo a 10 to 14 day long drying phase, standing upright in small clay pots (without substrate). During this time, the first, delicate root strands develop at the cuts, so that a little instinct is needed in the further treatment. Follow these steps:
- Fill small seed pots half full with herb or pique soil
- Insert a cutting so deep that at least one pair of leaves is still visible
- Water penetrating for the first time after one week
Propagation by leaf cuttings
Various Kalanchoen species have the nickname 'Wonder Leaf' or 'Brutblatt'. In this way their outstanding ability is expressed that they thrive on the leaf margins daughter plants with aerial roots. If a leaf falls to the ground, the natives root there and develop into independent plants. This talent is used by resourceful hobby gardeners for propagation. That is how it goes:
- From the leaf margin with a razor blade Kindel cut off with a height of at least 2 centimeters
- Fill a pot with a mixture of peat and sand and moisten
- Press the child into the substrate with fingertips or tweezers
Anyone who appreciates the beauty of succulent plants will not miss Kalanchoen. The 'Flammende Käthchen', 'Elefantenohr' or the 'Goethepflanze' are probably the most popular species of this multi-faceted plant genus. Their fame, however, is based not only on the ornamental ornamental leaves and the charming blossom; The tropical succulents are at the same time pleasingly undemanding. Those who follow these guidelines for the care of the leaf Kalanchoe will benefit from the impressive attributes over many years.