The Content Of The Article:
- The espalier education
- The cut 1 × 1 on the model of grapevine
- The easy way
- Why should kiwi berries be cut?
- How can the fruit size be improved?
- Cutting measures for diseases
Of course, those who plant the kiwi berries want to harvest the best possible crop. For this to succeed, the kiwi berry must be cut regularly. Find out here what to pay attention to here.
The kiwi berry proves to be a vigorous liana plant. If you do not want to be suddenly in a jungle of sprawling scrub in your home garden, annual cutting measures are essential. Not only are the long tendrils not aesthetically pleasing, but they will not be able to convince them of high yields, as they invest all their energy in the formation of meter-long and shapeless shoots.
In the cutting measures, the hobby gardener can orient himself to the grapevines.
The espalier education
In order to keep the effort as low as possible and still to achieve the best possible crop yield, offers the linguistic education. In this case, a stable trellis is provided with four horizontally extending wires. The top wire should be approximately 1.5 meters high. Attach the bottom wire to about 30 centimeters high and the two remaining wires are placed in between.
After planting, only the strongest shoot is left on the plant. The shoot is shortened to about 50 centimeters and perpendicularly attached to the bottom of the tension wires.
" Tip: For attachment, a soft PVC hollow cord should be used so as not to injure the plant.
Within the growing period the shoot extension develops. This is again guided perpendicular to the next tension wire and tied there. About 15 centimeters above the tension wire, the shoot is shortened. Soon, new side shoots have formed. Only the strongest of the new shoots are left on the plant and guided horizontally along the lower wire.
At this Leitrieben further side shoots will form, which represent the basis for the flowering and later maturation of the fruits. The shoots are cut in mid-summer in about five leaves behind the fruit. Once the mini kiwis have been harvested, the shoot can be cut back further. One to two buds should be preserved. To ensure that the leading gears do not grow unnecessarily, they too are cut back every year.
" Tip: Kiwi berries should be cut preferably in summer or autumn. A pruning in spring would cause severe wounds and cause the plant to bleed heavily.
The cut 1 × 1 on the model of grapevine
- Young plants are prevented from winding up in an uncontrolled manner.
- Attach one to two shoots to the trellis and lead vertically upwards.
- Initially remove all side shoots.
- Thin shoots of less than five millimeters in circumference are removed.
- Shortening of the whip shoots - July to August
- In the fourth year of operation, thin and rotating shoots are being cut out in late winter
Female plants can be educated without much effort. For the growth-intensive male plants, hedge trimmers should be used after a few years.
The easy way
For hobby gardeners, to whom the caterpillar education seems too elaborate and complicated, it is also different. However, this is likely to impact on crop yields.
Kiwi berries can be treated as normal climbing plants. For this, let the plant grow along a pergola. The main drives are led up in different directions. Once the fruits have been harvested, the mini-kiwi is slightly lighted.
" Tip: Kiwi berries usually tolerate a pruning very well and during the growing season can be pruning too long or disturbing shoots at any time.
Why should kiwi berries be cut?
- Kiwi berries are very vigorous.
- Kiwi berries can proliferate unchecked.
- Kiwi berries need an annual pruning for an attractive appearance.
- The pruning promotes flowering
- The pruning promotes the visual appearance of the plants.
- The pruning removes old and sick parts of the plant.
How can the fruit size be improved?
On perennial side shoots form so-called Achseltriebe. Here are the flowers. To improve the quality of the fruit, the old fruit wood has to be cut back on the young fruit wood. This process is called fruit wood rotation. Preferably, these cutting measures are carried out in the summer. The kiwi berries can also be cut in January or early February when the plant is in its resting phase. Since the interfaces would bleed heavily in March and April due to the sprouting of plant sap, cutting measures should be avoided at this time.
Cutting measures for diseases
Although the kiwi berries are known as quite robust plants, now and then diseases or pest infestation can occur. One cause of this can be caused by a too wet location occurring root rot or infestation with scale insects. While lazy roots often get help too late, the plants can usually be rescued from fungal diseases or pest infestations by pruning. Cutting measures should be taken immediately if any ill parts of the plant are noticed. The mini kiwis are very good cut tolerant and will have recovered in a short time and train new shoots.