The Content Of The Article:
- When and how are kiwi plants cut?
- How to cut kiwi plants properly
If your kiwi plant does not bear fruit, it usually has one simple reason: you cut it wrong. In the end, you have to pay attention to a lot.As with all fruit-bearing plants, it is also important for the kiwi plant that you cut them regularly. Not only is this important to maintain the growth habit, it also always has a positive impact on crop yield. Cut the plant regularly, and finally remove old and diseased wood, which in turn ensures that the plant stays young and strong and that the fruits can develop well. But for this to succeed, it is important to know when and how kiwifruit are cut properly.
When and how are kiwi plants cut?
In any case, it is recommended to cut kiwis twice a year, with the best times being the months
- July and August (summer cut) and
- February and March (winter cut)
be valid. Depending on the climate of the region in which the plant stands, however, there are differences in the cutting time for the winter season. So it is advisable to cut the kiwis, which grow in mild zones, as early as January, as there is a risk of bleeding due to increased juice pressure. In the summertime, however, you do not need to worry about it, because the healing of the cuts occurs much faster in the warmer months.
How to cut kiwi plants properly
Cut in the 1st year:
Kiwis should be the first years always best to grow. So you can be sure that your kiwi plants will bear fruit. Most of them start cutting wildly from the start and then wonder why their kiwis do not bear fruit. So it's best you do not make a radical cut in the first three years. During this time, however, it is important that you attach the strongest side shoots on both sides to horizontal tension wires about 80 centimeters away.
Cut in the 2nd year:
In the second year, these main shoots will then form side shoots, which you will have to shorten several times in the summer to about four to six leaves.
Cut in the 3rd year:
In the third year, the lateral shoots form the fruit shoots, which form the first flower buds in the same year. In summer it will be time to trim them. And so far that behind the last flower bud about three to four leaves remain.
Cut from the 4th year:
From the 4th year you can always make the winter and summer cuts as follows:
The fruit shoots that bore fruit in the previous year must now always be removed in February or March. They would stop forming new flowers anyway. Leave only the strongest young shoot, which has not yet formed fruit. Also, shorten these to five eyes. From this arise again new fruit-bearing shoots. The other side shoots, however, you have to cut back on 4 eyes.
Now you also have to remove old, sick and transverse branches. This also applies to susceptible water shoots. These must now be removed. In this way, you will rejuvenate the plants that will reward you with a rich kiwi harvest the following year, because the cut will help them develop better.
In summertime, it is time to cut the shoots to about eight to ten leaves after flowering immediately after flowering. This guarantees that the nutrients get into the fruits and not into the new shoots. In addition, they also liberate the kiwi plant, which allows the fruit to receive more sunlight and develop much better.