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Klimme, Zimmerwein or Cissus - behind this name hides a decorative creeping plant, which is ideally suited for the culture in the room. With proper care, whole Raumentrenner can pull out of the Klimme. She is undemanding and quick to satisfy.
The Klimme is a fast-climbing plant that can become a green jewelery wall indoors and outdoors. She forgives mistakes, adapts well and is otherwise a frugal growth. This is the room wine, as the Klimme is also called, ideal for inexperienced hobby gardeners. And all those who, instead of meticulous plant care, prefer lush growth without much effort. In spite of their unpretentious character, the measures must of course be exactly to the Klimme fit.
The Klimme can have an increase of up to 90cm per year, so in the choice of the location should therefore be considered primarily the space requirements. Added to this are the demands on light and temperature. The room wine tolerates a very bright location, but daily only a few hours of direct sun. A light room is well suited, but it does not have to be a window seat. In the light shade, the cissus can also stand, it is too dark, but it loses its leaves. The temperature is ideally between 20 and 25° C from spring to autumn. Normal room temperatures get the room wine so good.
Due to the very high heat requirement, a permanent outdoor culture is not possible. In summer, however, the Klimme may like to go outside when it is in a sheltered location and the temperature is right. Their size can be problematic. Remedy a pot or bucket on wheels and a firmly anchored climbing aid.
The choice of the right substrate for the Klimme is very simple. Commercially available potting soil or a substrate based on compost are suitable. Optimal would be an additional admixture of sand, gravel or coconut fiber, to loosen up the soil and make something permeable.
Casting the cissus is also easy. The room wine is watered whenever the surface of the substrate is slightly dry. Even moisturizing in very warm and bright locations is also possible. Low-calorific water at room temperature is best. Tip: The Cissus discolor likes it a bit drier than its relatives. Therefore, the substrate may even dry up to half of it before it becomes necessary to water it.
- Due to their strong growth, the Klimme requires correspondingly large amounts of nutrients that the substrate alone does not provide.
- Fertilization is recommended from March to September, which takes place every 14 days.
- Ideal is the use of a commercial liquid fertilizer for green plants.
- If the room wine in the summer in the open air, it can also be fertilized with mature compost.
A regular blend is useful in the Klimme. On the one hand, to ensure denser growth. On the other hand, to keep the room wine on a room-compatible size. The blending is ideally placed in the spring, right after hibernation. The plant can be shortened by one third. Blinding, old branches could even be cut back even more radically - this measure has a rejuvenating effect.
A hibernation is not essential, but it does the room wine well. Optimal is a bright location where temperatures of 12 to 15° C prevail. During the cool rest, the fertilizer is completely adjusted. Casting is only reserved, so that the root ball does not dry out completely. Tip: If the leaves fall off the Klimme at the winter location, that is no cause for concern.
Again due to the strong growth, a frequent repot is recommended in the room wine. This may initially be required annually. The distances between the pot and substrate changes can be extended by sufficient fertilization. If roots are at the bottom of the pot, however, it is high time for an enlargement. The best time for repotting is the end of hibernation, so falls as well as the blending on the March.
Cissus can be multiplied in the spring by cuttings and sinkers. The simplest and most successful variant is the formation of sinkers.
For this purpose, planters with potting soil or a mixture of peat and sand are placed next to the Klimme. Individual tendrils are placed flat on the substrate and either lightly pressed or weighted. After about four weeks, rooting begins at the contact point between substrate and branch. If strong roots have grown, the shoot can be separated from the mother plant and planted separately. For the propagation of the Klimme by cuttings 10 to 15 centimeters long shoot tips are cut off, at the lower end of the leaves freed and put in potting soil.For improved rooting, the interfaces can be provided with root assistance and the cuttings can be covered with transparent foil. If a new shoot, it is time for the change in the normal plant substrate.
Typical pests, diseases and care mistakes
Overall, the room wine is resistant and robust, diseases and pests occur therefore only rarely. If the Klimme is too moist, rot can develop. Especially Cissus discolor is affected more frequently. If the attitude is too dry, the appearance of the red spider is possible. It is characterized by fine webs and bright leaf spots. Preventively, the humidity should be increased. To combat it is recommended to use mechanical control by lukewarm showering and the use of insecticides. If woolly or mealy lice appear, which express themselves through coverings, the same control plan can be used. At an outdoor location, however, it makes more sense to use natural enemies of the lice. These include lacewing, ore wasps and parasitic wasps.
Frequently asked questions
- Is the wine of the room poisonous? - Cissus is not toxic and therefore harmless to households with children and pets. However, it is not intended for consumption.
- Does the Cissus really need a climbing aid? - As the Klimme grows so strong, a climbing aid makes sense. If she does not receive them, she will be knotted without a word or just looking for support herself. As an alternative to tendrils, the room wine can also be planted in a traffic light.
Climps occur in many ways. So there are cliques with green and differently colored leaves, they are available as climbing or hanging plants and of course with different care needs. But how can we take care of the Klimme?
- When casting, it depends on a steady rhythm. This means that the soil of Russian wine should neither swim nor dry out. A healthy mediocrity should be found here.
- Of course, warm climbers must be poured or moistened more often than those in partial shade or lower temperature rooms.
- And that would be us already at the site: You can not generalize for all Klimmen. Therefore, you should be advised when buying the plant exactly how they like it.
- As a rule, however, the representatives of the Cissus antarctica should be in bright light, but should not be exposed to the blazing sun or heat. Partial shade is best recommended here. In winter it may be a bit cooler for the Klimmen.
- After the winter, ie between April and August, is the growth phase of this plant. At this time you should diligently and - as with the water supply - fertilize regularly.
- Broken and overgrown shoots can be cut off and removed to make room for new ones.