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The Korea-Fir (Abie's koreana) belongs to the genus of firs (abies) and is assigned herein to the pine family. As the name suggests, the home of this fir is Korea, here it is at home on the island of Jeju-do. It grows there to an altitude of about 1,000 meters above sea level. Here it has a sunny location, but it can also live in the light shade.
Koreatannen were probably first introduced to Great Britain around 1913 and from there to Europe, North America and Asia spread. Meanwhile, they come in many varieties, some of which have fancy names, such as:
- 'Black Prince'
- 'Blue Eskimo'
- 'Flying saucer'
- 'Golden Dream' etc.
As a fir, it is an evergreen tree, forming a conical crown, below with horizontally protruding branches. It can grow up to ten meters high, but there are also specimens that reach almost twice the height. The size of the Korea fir is given as around 3-5 meters. However, it grows very slowly and in the year only about 10-15 cm. The individual needles of the trees are between 1-2.5 cm long and are dull. They form around the whole branch and give it a round, full appearance. They are glossy dark green on the top and white stripes from below to make the tree look white from below.
The bark of the Korea fir is colored dark olive to black and looks speckled. The branches have a pale brown bark, which can be slightly hairy. The tips of the Korean fir are from initially slightly brown to see white later.
The fir tree is also monoecious as a fir tree and has both female and male cones on its branches. The male cones are found on the branches between the pine needles and in the treetop. They are only 4-5 mm in size and round, after opening they are 1 cm long and yellow. The female cones sit on top of the branches, are 2-5 cm long and elongated. As young cones, they are yellow-green, light pink or slightly dark red. The cones of the Korean fir are already formed in young trees from 1 meter in size.
Tip: The seeds from the cones are needed for propagation.
Location for korea fires
In their homeland, the Korean fir is in mountainous heights. There she grows in sunny places, she feels well even in bright shade. The location is mostly humid and cool in this region. She likes it sheltered from the wind and wants to stand in a nutrient-rich soil. Although it is not sensitive to frost, it is sensitive to sudden and unusual frost fractures.
A Korean fir is mainly planted because of its cones, which stand upright on the branches and give a very nice picture. Because the Korean fir grows slowly, it is often placed in native gardens. But it is also very popular because of its decorative appearance, especially the bright undersides of the needles stand out. In addition to planting in the garden, it is also used for the decoration of tombs, also here, their slow growth is well received. Of course, the increasingly popular Japanese gardens are the ideal visual space for a Korean fir. The soil at the location of the fir should be slightly acidic and humus. It can also tolerate a slight amount of lime in the soil, but it does not like clay soil or compacted soil at all. Such earth should be loosened up with sand, also clay is a good addition. If the soil is always moist and fresh, the Korean fir will grow slowly but steadily.
Pour and fertilize
Of course, because of their preference for damp soil, the garden owner should make sure that the soil does not dry out in the summer. Even more so than in summer, the Korean fir must be cast in the fall, the area under the tree should be covered with a thick layer of mulch. This keeps the moisture in the soil and also ensures the typical forest climate that gets the fir very well. If manure is to be fertilized, it is particularly suitable for pine fertilizer, which contains nutrients specially adapted to this type of plant.
Tip: A Korea fir is not cut back, it is not necessary and would only destroy its overall appearance.
Propagation of the Korea fir
If you want to beautify your garden with a Korean fir, you can get by the way of propagation to a seedling, or you buy in the garden shop or in the nursery a small tree. It should be remembered that the fir grows slowly, but depending on the variety more than ten meters in height and four meters in width can take. Tip: Abies lasiocarpa compacta is ideal for small gardens, it only gets 3 meters high.Anyone who wants to raise a Korean fir from seeds needs both luck and patience. Basically, all firs also form cones with seeds that are not germinable.In addition, they should lie for a while in the cold without drying out. One way would be to keep them in the fridge in the earth and covered, another way would be to put them in damp soil and let stand outside over winter. The safest method seems to be to buy a young plant from the nursery. Here you also get different varieties, of which one should know the special features, of course. In addition, many specialist companies not only give tips for planting, but also for the care. If you have problems with the Korean fir, this expert can certainly be questioned about it.
Worth knowing about the koreatanne soon
The Korea fir is very popular in German gardens. She convinces with her beautiful growth and the great color of her needles. The fir grows compact and is well suited for smaller gardens.
- Her growth is cone-shaped. The side branches grow almost horizontally.
- The tight-fitting, dark green needles with their striking silvery white underside contribute to the attractiveness of the tree.
- Even at a young age, the purple-purple cones form in the koreatanne.
- They sit upright on the branches from about September until the winter.
- The first cones can appear at a height of 150 cm.
- A position as a solitaire is best for the koreatanne. So it looks the noblest and most conspicuous.
- The location should be sunny. Even shadows are tolerated. It is important that the tree is protected from the wind.
- The fir is very hardy, but late frosty.
- The plant substrate should be humic and slightly acidic. Even light limestone soils are tolerated quite well.
- Heavy loamy soils are not suitable, as well as heavily compacted soils.
- The soil should be fresh to moist. The best are sandy-loamy or loamy-clay substrates.
- Bark lice, firefly lice and mealybugs occur as pests.
- You have to spray the tree to get rid of the pests.
- It is important to fight early, before the pests multiply too much.