Lantana - Checklist to overwinter


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Lantana - Checklist to overwinter: bright

The Lantana camara belongs to the family of vervain plants and is still a very popular ornamental plant. The approximately 150 species are from Central America and southern North America. The flowers are yellow to orange, sometimes white and later turn reddish to purple. The changing flower color of the umbels gives the plant the characteristic colorful appearance and its name.
All parts of the plant are poisonous, especially their drupes.

The wintering quarter

Lantana is not difficult to hibernate if you have the appropriate hibernation quarters and observe a few things. During overwintering the lantana usually loses almost all or sometimes all leaves and looks pretty miserable. That is quite normal. In the spring, the plant usually drives well again.
  • Lantana must be allowed before the first frost!
  • The location must be bright and cool! - Temperatures between 5 and 10 ˚C are ideal.
  • Cool staircases, winter cold houses in the garden or on the terrace and similar quarters are well suited.
  • From February / March the plant is warmer again.
  • Before the shoots are shortened by about a third or even half.
  • Very little is poured.
  • The cooler the wintering quarter, the less water is needed.
  • When the leaves are gone, no more water evaporates and therefore hardly any more needed.
  • Without leaves, the lantana may also overwinter darkly, e.g. in a cool cellar. At the end of February turn bright and warmer again!
  • Do not fertilize until the new shoot has formed correct leaves to begin with!

care errors

  • Too much irrigation water is absolutely harmful. The soil must be properly dried before re-casting.
  • Too much water definitely does more harm than too little.
  • To late pruning delays the flowering.
  • Without cut, there are hardly any flowers.
Editorial tips
  • In winter quarters, white flies and other pests often appear. You can deal with soap and white oil remedies. It is important to check regularly for pest infestation.
  • Shoots that formed during hibernation are cut away in the spring. They are weak and rarely form flowers.
  • Only after the Eisheiligen again into the outdoor place!

The wintering

The attractive ornamental plant as an evergreen plant is quite sensitive and does not like cold weather.
Even a slight frosty breath means the dying of the leaves and shoots. It would be impossible to save. Therefore, before the first winter freezing temperatures, the lantana must be brought to its winter quarters.
This can be either a frost-free greenhouse, a cool windowsill or a bright conservatory. For ideal conditions for wintering it may be bright, dry and sunny. The little bush likes temperatures around 10 degrees Celsius, but also 5 degrees Celsius are still appropriate. However, they should be the exception, because even more coolness does not tolerate the tropical plant. The low temperatures prevent strong growth and serve for hibernation.
If the lantana drops the leaves, it is no cause for alarm. It can now stand the winter in a dark room, because it no longer needs light. The root ball should not dry out. If the lantana was planted in the garden or on the balcony in the summer months, it must now be cut out of the ground with a sufficiently large root ball and potted in a not too small planter. Maybe some potting soil can be added to cover the root ball.
It is useful to cut the shoots by about a third before hibernation. But the careful linking of the branches is another possibility. This prevents a strong evaporation over the leaves. The lantana must continue to be poured, but only moderately. It does not tolerate waterlogging, but should not dry out. Fertilizer can be dispensed with during this time. From February to March the hibernation is completed. From the bare, unsightly and wintered plant it drives out soon again. She should now be brought back to a bright, warm location.
Another pruning is important so that the lantana flowers on the newly growing shoots many flowers. This is not the case with older shoots. If the plant has new and well-formed shoots again, it can be poured and fertilized normally.

Lantana


By nature, as an evergreen tropical plant, lantana needs no rest in the wintertime. In a heated living room or flower window, it will bloom even in the winter months. Then it also demands normal water and fertilizer.Unfortunately, lanterns, which do not hibernate over the winter, are more susceptible to pests during the summer months.

The most important thing about wintering

- in a nutshell -
  • Before the first frost bring the plant into a cool, bright or dark winter quarters.
  • not much, but not too little.
  • The root ball must not dry out.
  • Do without fertilizer.
  • Shorten shoots before winter hibernation.
  • From February to March return to a warmer and lighter place.
Conclusion
The lanterns are in their way a great flower decoration for rooms, balcony, terrace or garden. If it is planted in the discounts or in a bed, it is advantageous to put some bark mulch around the root area. This keeps the soil moist longer and protects against dehydration. In the bucket, the effect is achieved by planting. These are low summer flowers, such as the deep blue Männertreu. It is important to remove the deceased regularly because that is the strength of the plant.
The lantana also attracts many butterflies with its beautiful flowers and is a durable, robust and durable classic that is just back in fashion.

Temperatures and pruning

  • It should be light and dry for optimal conditions for hibernation
  • The Lantana likes temperatures of about ten degrees, but also up to five degrees are acceptable. It should not get colder, however, of the tropical plant.
  • For wintering you can already cut back the plant a bit. This is useful, for example, if you want to save some space. But also the careful binding of the branches is a possibility to bring the lantana in a compact form.
Normally, the plant needs no rest and is dependent as an evergreen plant in a bright location. On the other hand, if you put her in a dark room, such as a cellar, where there are five to ten degrees, she usually survives the winter harmlessly.

Brightness and watering

  • however, in a dark location, the lantana behaves like a resting phase and discards all the leaves. This is not unusual during the hibernation.
  • It does not matter if the lantana is bright or dark: it still needs to be poured, albeit moderately. It should not get wet, but it should not dry out.
  • On the fertilizer you should completely abstain.
Until the spring is only the skeleton. Soon after, when the plant is brought to a warmer and brighter place, the branches should quickly drive out again. As soon as the first buds show, you can cut back the branches a lot. About half to one third may stop. This is important for the plant to flower vigorously. Older shoots turn out less and less flowers over time. Once the new shoots have been formed, the plant can be watered and fertilized normally. The plant should be bright and warm as possible at the beginning of February, so that it vigorously expels.

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