Larvae and worms in bed / bedstead - where and how to fight?

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If you "visit in bed", it has nothing to do with uncleanliness. Large cleaning is unfortunately still announced, in the article, the measures are listed to catch every larva and to prevent the next visit. Often it was; only when it crawls again, is searching for traces. For those you get the necessary material in a comprehensive list of household pests that produce worm-shaped larvae:

Where did the larvae come from and how did they get to bed?

Where they come from, is easy to answer: One of the 10 or so high 19 insects living on our earth has strayed from the rest of the world into your home (active or passive, in various ways, which are explained in more detail below).
How the insect got into your bed or your bed box, is a bit of a crystal globe show from insect view, which is not very difficult (even without entomological knowledge). After the insect has been crawled into your home, flown or transported, it will sequentially focus on the four activities that insects usually spend their lives eating, sleeping, reproducing, or moving from one place to another to do the aforementioned things.
Worms will hardly be, they have neither feet nor wings, but according to the current biological definition zero extremities (no feelers or similar). As a result, worms can only immigrate to human dwellings in domestic animals or humans, as tapeworms, roundworms, and suckerworms, but these patients are not in the mood for anthelmintics (wormers). If you have spotted "worms", they are - longer, darker - larvae, which probably originated like shorter, light larvae:
The immigrant insect will first have taken down the stomach (with all the edibles he has encountered on the way through the apartment, and that's a lot, if you're very small and eat any small-particle matter of organic origin), then take a nap have at some point during his walks through your apartment to bump into bed and bed box. If it's a female insect or a couple (a horde?), "Mama Insect" will immediately identify the bed and cot as a great nursery and leave its eggs in this beautiful spot. Now "the little ones" were born and set off on their way to... you know.

"Brush away" larvae, but right

Since you probably do not want to tolerate the nursery, so carefully laid out in the dark, warm, soft, in your bedroom, now suck, clean, wash is the order of the day:
  • Transport bedding and duvet covers in a large garbage bag to the washing machine
  • Empty garbage bag by inverting machine, wash everything at least 60° C
  • Roughly suck the bed and surroundings as far as you can
  • Then lift up the mattress, leaning upright against a wall that is as empty as possible
  • A picture on the wall, against which the mattress is leaned, does not hurt
  • But with every hurried movement insect eggs can be "thrown around"
  • Swinging against wardrobes with airy slats would be z. B. rather clumsy when hanging in the cracks eggs / larvae of textile pests
  • Pat the mattress, vacuum the floor and mattress on both sides
  • Thoroughly wet cleaned all areas
  • With basic household cleaners, the z. B. soda (sodium bicarbonate, NaHCO3, E 500ii), which also disinfected

And avoid the next visit

  • Concentrated herbal scents help against most house pests
  • Lavender, tea tree, neem, cedar wood, camphor, eucalyptus, etc.
  • What is in the house, can be spread around the bed and in the bed box
  • Quietly mixed, as long as the odors remain bearable for the bed users
  • Drizzle on cotton balls or cloth remnants, in the bed box and distribute around the bed
  • The use of insecticides is conceivable, but our government recommends maximum restraint because the problems of resistance formation only increase
  • In addition, you should always inform yourself exactly about the ingredients, especially in insecticides are often used people also harmful nerve agents
Tip: Not tolerating insect nursery in the sheep room is one thing and of course; "freak out and burn the bed" (forum post) another and possibly questionable. Often, more information about insects or the realization of the fact that we live with trillions of them in one world (thus inevitably encounter them occasionally) often leads to the dismantling of exaggerated fears.In case of doubt, help / advice should be sought before an unrealistic and lifelong attitude leads to damage (such as the threat of prolonged use of insecticides).

What can become of the larvae

If the visit of worm-shaped minis repeats, these "insect children" must have been produced by sexually mature, "large" insects (by known means). It is therefore important to keep an eye out for who likes to multiply in your bedstead - as long as adult insects use it "as a maternity clinic", you will not be spared the offspring. Where you find the adult insects and what they might be depends on the situation and bed environment. If the wooden beams of a truss structure are under the bed and the larvae appear again and again, it could be woodworms; if a little later "what flies" and a wool sweater has mysterious holes, it will probably be the larvae of clothes moths. Here is an overview of which bug-shaped insects like to nest in our homes, what they look like and their larvae, what they do, and what to do for you:

Ants, Formicidae, typically as domestic, wood and path ant

Indian meal moth

  • Appearance: Light brown at the front, darker at the back with striped pattern, wing span 2 cm, caterpillar (moths are butterflies) 2 cm long

  • Way into the house: If introduced with food, in which voracious caterpillars develop, also white spiders and Kotkrümel in the stocks are indicia

  • damage: Caterpillars eat grain and pasta, legumes and nuts, chocolate and animal feed and much more that is not protected by a glass or thick-walled plastic packaging

  • fighting: Dispose of contaminated food, repackage unaffected glass or plastic containers (all, otherwise the feeling of not being able to get rid of the moths in this life), siphon cabinets thoroughly + wipe off with soap solution, install sticky insects as infestation indicator and, if necessary, parasitic wasps (Tricho -gramma cards)

Fleas, Siphonaptera

  • Appearance: 80 mostly brown-transparent species with a length of 1-4 mm, with about 6 mm "huge", bright larvae

  • Way into the house: Accompanies a dog or cat or flies out of a bird's nest, larvae live in cracks and joints, mattresses and other textiles

  • damage: The bloodsuckers do not stop in front of people and miss them itchy stitches and wheals, they do not transmit diseases in Central Europe, but stitches like to ignite a little after scratching

  • fighting: Suck several times daily for a week, then place mattresses + bedding in the sun, attach anti-flail products for pets to them and distribute them generously in / around the infested area, spray suspicious joints with saline solution and briefly seal with adhesive tape (few days)

Common bug beetle, Anobium punctatum

  • Appearance: Yellowish brown, densely hairy elytra (looks like striped), 3 to 5 mm long, larvae (known as woodworms) to 6 mm, yellowish white

  • Way into the house: No cockroach migrates into normally insulated and heated flats, because it can develop well only in cool, damp rooms (and there, for example, pews, church art or food boxes perforated). It can only be carried in as an egg in antique furniture, but its absence is usually guaranteed when buying antiques.

  • damage: Larvae eat their way through the wood, leaving circular holes of 1 to 2 mm in diameter and produce down-to-earth wood flour (holes alone usually do not contain any living larvae)

  • fighting: Consult an antique dealer / specialist for old wooden furniture, occasionally dispose of old wormwood wood books and books, or grill them in aluminum foil at 48° C for 150 minutes in the oven. Impoverished roof trusses are removed from the woodworm by special heat treatment

Khapra beetle, Trogoderma granarium

  • Appearance: Introduced Indian bacon beetle, which bears a kind of brown leopard skin, 2 to 3 mm in size, larvae yellow-brown, hairy, up to 5 mm long

  • Way into the house: More annoying beer brewers in malt stocks of breweries, where the ideal warm-dry living conditions and great food are offered, can at most times with the purchase of craft beer in a microbrewery in the budget

  • damage: In the absence of malt, the larvae eat grain, rice, tea, herbs, spices, legumes and peanuts in the household

  • fighting: Dispose of contaminated material, warm to 60° C in the oven or freeze for a few days. Extract the storage cupboards to the smallest cracks and wipe them out with tea tree oil or neem oil

Clothes Moth, Tineola bisselliella

clothes moth

  • Appearance: Monochrome light yellow to dark brown shiny, wingspan 1 to 1.5 cm, caterpillars yellowish white and about 0.5 cm long

  • Way into the house: Get active in the flight time from May to September or as egg in textiles in the house, z. B. after shopping in cheap stores, which are also cheap cleaned and maintained

  • damage: Larvae eat all textiles including carpets and upholstered furniture, real and false furs and feathers, otherwise neither health nor hygienic concern

  • fighting: Wash textiles at a minimum of 60° C, hang in the sun or freeze for a few days. Klebefallen warn of persistence of infestation, patchouli oil, lavender, cedar wood, neem oil keep moths away (commercially available moth papers often contain harmful nerve agents for humans), if necessary, parasitic wasps make the matter permanent

Buckel beetle, Gibbium psylloides

(also known as a beetle, but this lives in the shore area in mud and gravel)
  • Appearance: Spherical and nocturnal, shiny reddish brown, 2-3,5 mm, larvae white 3,5 mm, resemble Egerlingen (dreaded larvae, as one still sings "Maybug fly!")

  • Way into the house: Loves old buildings, v. a. their dark and moist parts rarely appear, but then often in quantities

  • damage: Larvae and adult beetles eat animal and vegetable material, so food of all kinds, textiles, wool, leather, upholstered furniture, organic cavity fillings in beamed ceilings

  • fighting: Biodegradation with Lagerzwespen (Lariophagus distinguendus), otherwise use of liquid or dust-like contact insecticides also in infill

Meal Beetle, Tenebrio molitor

  • Appearance: Black and about 2 cm tall, the larvae known as mealworms are about 4 cm long

  • Way into the house: The culture follower migrates from outside or in the evening flies towards the light and prefers to stay in dark and warm places

  • damage: Eat mainly flour and cereal products and animal feed

  • fighting: Dispose of contaminated food, heat for 1 hour at 60° C in the oven, pour boiling water over it. Terrarium owners can feed the larvae, others bring them and beetles to the open, where they feed hungry birds

Brass beetle, Niptus hololeucus

brass beetle

  • Appearance: Spherical, "spider-like" and nocturnal, shiny "pure brass" in dark reddish brown with golden yellow hair, 2.5-4.5 mm, brown larva with light (hair) stripes, around 6 mm

  • Way into the house: Like old buildings and half-timbered buildings, they nestle unnoticed in hiding places, often only appear during extensions or renovations when they crawl out of cavities in ceilings and floors

  • damage: Eating all organic materials: textiles, leather, furs, feathers, textile wallpaper, paper, dead insects and cobwebs, but usually the material damage remains low

  • fighting: Collect on wet cloths laid out in the evening, kill and dispose of them with boiling water, place kieselguhr preparations or contact insecticides in the hiding places, parasitic wasps, discard infested food; put on brass beetle in inaccessible places professional pest controllers

Fashion beetle, Latridiidae sp.

with increasing frequency as Black Moderkäfer Ocypus olens called
  • Appearance: Normal Latridius brown to black, 0.25 to 3 mm, larvae whitish-yellow, hairy and 3 mm long; Black Moderkäfer matte black and a good 2-3 cm in size, larva looks quite similar to the beetle

  • Way into the house: All the wildlife beetles live as natural detritus living well hidden in hay and straw, leaves and mounds of forests, but specializing in that they are mycetobiont, so dependent on fungi. The small ladybirds migrate into insufficiently dried out new housing and densely insulated, but not well ventilated old apartment with the mold fungus formation, black fashion beetles are often supplied with bark mulch from the forest into the house, but remain only if they wet walls, mold spores in animal feed or find something similar.

  • damage: The pests rarely cause damage when they reach food stores, they prevent the development of problematic mold infestation as a natural indicator

  • fighting: Disappears when the nourishing molds die off, before a visible "mold problem" so simply by reducing the humidity in the affected areas. Only at 65% humidity do the moder beetles die off, airing and dehydration of damp areas is recommended here anyway. Beetles and larvae can be placed in the garden (black ladybirds do not touch, the predatory mini-scorpion bites and splashes stinking liquid), where they "do their duty", larvae are supposed to be an insider's tip against slugs

Fur beetle, Attagenus pellio

  • Appearance: Black and even covered with thick fur, 3.5 - 6 mm, golden larvae about 1 cm long

  • Way into the house: As a determined cultural successor, closer to human beings than to being in the great outdoors, bird-nests and flowers in the garden also fly into the house

  • damage: Eats by name, with the larvae including stuffed animals, upholstery, woolen blankets, carpets and other textile-like materials to the furs

  • fighting: Treat contaminated fabrics chemically or freeze them for several days, plant beetles and larvae in the garden, where they disperse nectar and pollen, or remove carcasses with fur as larvae

Bacon beetle, Dermestidae, e.g. B. as a carpet beetle Anthrenus scrophulariae

Bacon beetle larva

  • Appearance: Compact, round, brown or black spotted and about 1 cm in size, larvae light brownish, hairy and a little longer

  • Way into the house: Life in the whole world and come "on foot" or with purchases (pet food etc.) into the house

  • damage: In extreme cases, the scavengers also go to skins and woolen fabrics, feathers and animal feed and can eat aisles in wood or plaster

  • fighting: Dispose of contaminated matter, heat for 1 hour in the oven to 60° C, boil in water, dry clean, freeze well for a week, sweep beetles and larvae after killing all dead insects and throw outside

If someone wants to sell products to block out insects, the following knowledge may help you in discussing / considering the usefulness of the use: From 0.1 mm, a crack or hole is large enough to allow newly hatched larvae to pass through from eggs released from eggs Mother insect as a precaution were placed next to it. In order to deny access to all insects, you would ultimately have to weld your furniture into a kind of nano-foil, but your house and yourself then probably it is also doubtful that such measures really increase the sense of living. It lives better with quite normal fly screens, which cost no enormous sums, but occasionally let an insect through.

Video Board: Home Pest Control : How to Get Rid of Bed Bugs With Heat.

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