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The lawn is not always as juicy and green as you would like it to be. Bald spots, matted areas, dying plants or poor growth are just a few of the problems that can arise. Then it does not help to scarify or fertilize the lawn, here you have to go deeper into the matter. But it is not always clear at first glance what the lawn is hurting. Here's how you can understand and identify issues and what you can do about them.
Clover and weeds
Weeds are certainly the most common problem a lawn and its owner face. They are also not overlooked and fall on pretty quickly. Clover growth indicates lack of nutrients in the lawn, it is worth determining the soil standard by a rapid test.
RemoveThe simplest but certainly the most expensive method is the cutting out of unwanted plants. You should definitely do this with dandelion plants that appear occasionally, but it is time-consuming and strenuous for large lawns.
- Dandelion has long taproots, which must be removed
- Clover often grows on highly compacted soil, providing good soil aeration and sufficient nutrients for the turf roots
- Check pH value, possibly lime
- resort to weed killer only in case of heavy infestation
It is known that so-called hexene rings can also occur in home gardens. This is a circular occurrence of different fungi, the diameter of such a hexene ring can be several meters. Frequently, the first damage is already indicated by a darker circular discoloration in the lawn, later the fungus appears.
RemoveThe mushroom mycelium can lead to dense matting in the lawn and the ground.
- be sure to aerate the soil, improve nitrogen supply, possibly puncture affected areas, water well and sow again
- If you do not want to cut out the mesh, make sure to pierce the mesh so that nutrients and water get into the soil
- Hexene rings often appear on dry, sandy soils, improving soil with humus
- Take countermeasures in spring or autumn
Often moss grows on acid soil and matts the lawn plants. It forms dense cushions under which the turf roots can even die off. Moss can be recognized by the density of the vegetation and yellowish discolorations in the grass.
- check the pH value in the soil, optimally it is 5.5 to 6.5, in case of need limescale
- Mow regularly, but not too short, 4 - 5 cm are optimal
- In case of heavy infestation, a turf cure can help to increase growth
- Enrich soil with humus, possibly use commercially available agents against moss
- In the case of moss infestation, it is essential to scurify it in the spring, to aerate it in case of heavy infestation, to fill the ventilation holes with sand
If there are gaps, this can have several causes. At this point, the lawn only grows sparsely, appears dry or sick. There may be a lack of water or nutrients here. Especially in long dry periods in summer, dry weather can occur in unfavorable, especially sunny spots. Nutrient deficiency shows the same symptoms, then regular fertilization is required. Under certain circumstances, waterlogging is responsible, here can aerification and filling the holes with sand remedy.
- be sure to follow dosage instructions when fertilizing, do not overdose, this damages the lawn
- Water grass only in the evening, so that in the blazing heat no sunburn develops
- use a lawn-soil activator, he gives extra strength
- loosen up completely bare areas and sow again
- Mowing grass regularly, it can regrow evenly
The lawn clearly shows burnt spots, dries off, cares or grows only unevenly. Here it may well be that you have blasted in blazing sun and the sun burned the plants. Drops of water in bright sunlight look like burning glasses. This can also be the case for other plants.
- absolutely avoid pouring and blasting in blazing sun
- water in the evening, so the water can be better absorbed
Sometimes circular, sometimes irregular, bald and brown spots may indicate fungal disease. Rust mushrooms, for example, often appear after long periods of drought, this should be done quickly. Fungal diseases show through clearly visible discoloration and speckled spots on the individual stalks. Pay attention to the correct nitrogen content of the soil, fertilize regularly according to regulations and mow the lawn at least once a week.
- In case of fungal attack do not throw the grass clippings on the compost, the spores could redistribute
- In case of heavy infestation, carry out a soil analysis, adjust the fertilization to the soil, possibly in autumn Kali-stressed fertilization
- generously remove at limited affected areas, fill in new soil and sow again
When fertilizing, there can be too much or too little too quickly, so just just lawn should be treated exactly according to regulation. If you are unsure what soil quality is, you can have a thorough soil analysis done by soil sampling, or you can do a home test yourself. In spring, nitrogen fertilizer may be needed, while more potash should be used in the fall. However, it is a mistake to just fertilize fertilizer well, which can lead to permanent damage. Pale grass may need iron fertilizer. Due to these different requirements, a test may be necessary.
- Fertilize with fertilizer three times a year, at the beginning of the vegetation, in late summer, in the autumn before the resting phase
- fertilize with slow-release fertilizer only once a season
- fertilize after mowing
- well after fertilizing
Lawn problems can have many causes. That is why it is important to recognize damage early and act quickly. If you want a nice, rich, green lawn, you should fertilize regularly, but not excessively, aerating the soil well and strengthening the plants with regular mowing. With good soil conditions, the removal of weeds and moss, as well as an optimal pH, you will enjoy your green oasis for a long time.
Worth knowing about turf problems soon
As beautiful as a well-kept lawn in your own garden or on your own yard is, often a nice new lawn does not stay as long as it pleases us. Every turf will cause problems sooner or later. Probably the most common problem is moss in the lawn, everyone knows that, but weeds are also very common, such as clover. But for every problem there is a cause: improper mowing, poor ventilation, wrong fertilization or lack of fertilizer. There is also a solution for every problem.
- Against mushrooms on the lawn creates a soil loosening with a grave fork remedy. This destroys the underground mushroom netting.
- In addition, you can work a little sand into the ground to make it looser.
- On a loose ground, you should always pay attention, because then the grass grows better and is then beautiful.
- If you have weeds in the lawn, you could assume that the nutrient supply in the soil is rather poor.
- Clover, for example, also grows too high a pH. Here lime helps to normalize the pH.
- In addition, you should not cut the lawn too deep, because that weakens the grasses. Optimal are about 5 cm, in the shade a little more.
- Too much lime on the lawn can result in insufficient nutrients remaining in the soil.
- Also, blue-green algae can occur in the lawn, one observes in this case a dark almost black surface between the grasses in the lawn.
- The causes for this are in turn in the nutrient supply or in the calcium deficiency.
- Waterlogging or too dense soil can lead to blue-green algae.
- The algae coating can be removed with the scarifier.
- The soil structure is improved with a thin layer of sand spread over the lawn.
- Incidentally, you should never forget to aerate the soil regularly, and then the grass grows more beautiful and even.