Lawn Seed: It's the right mix


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Fast green and as easy as possible: If you want such a lawn, you should focus on quality when buying the lawn seeds - and this is definitely not the cheap semen mix from the discounter. We'll tell you what makes a good grass mix, how you recognize quality and why it always pays off in the long run to spend a bit more on top quality lawn seeds.

A seed mixture consists of different types of grasses, which take on different functions in the lawn. If you save on the purchase of lawn seeds at the wrong end or select a lawn mixture that is not suitable for actual use, the turf is not properly sealed and soon, the first weeds spread.

English lawn

A perfect English lawn can only be achieved with a good quality seed mixture

That's what makes high quality grass seed mixtures

Good grass seed mixtures are characterized by slow, dense growth, high tread resistance and good tail formation. They contain specially bred varieties of a maximum of three to four types of grass: perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne, very resilient), meadow panicle (Poa pratensis, dense growth, resilient), red fescue (Festuca rubra, fine leaf, tolerates deep cut) and Bouquet grass (Agrostis, shoots, tolerates wetness). The intended use determines the proportion of turf grasses in the mixture: A turf usually contains higher proportions of perennial ryegrass and meadow panicle. Thanks to these two types of grasses, the lawn becomes dense, firm and therefore hard-wearing. In a pure ornamental grass, however, dominate fine-leaved species such as red fescue and ostrich grass, which is why he makes higher demands on the care. Shadow grass seed mixes contain high levels of grasses that can cope with less light than many other turf grasses. These include the lager panicle (Poa supina) or the grass Schmiele (Deschampsia cespitosa). Important to know: Although such species for the shade also grow in poorer locations, the result is - in terms of both use and appearance - not comparable to a full-sun turf. A shade lawn should not be mowed too deep and too often (at least five inches high) and emerging mosses should be fought in time before they take over.

Grass seed label of the composition

The exact composition of the seed mixture is usually found on the packaging

That's how you recognize good quality grass seed

When buying your lawn seeds, make sure that the packaging has the abbreviation RSM. This abbreviation stands for Rule Seed Blend. When using such a mixture, one has a guarantee for the quality of the seed. RSM contains only grass seeds of high-quality grasses that have been specially bred for use as turf. The minimum germination capacity is usually higher than required by law and the varieties have been extensively tested. Full-bodied sounding names such as "Berliner Tiergarten", "English Lawn" or "Prince Pückler" or even names such as "tread-proof" and "easy-care" are no guarantee for good lawn seeds. The green label on the packaging indicating the exact composition of the mixture gives the buyer the real information about the quality.

Stay away from the "Berlin Tiergarten"

Anyone who stands in the garden shop in front of the shelf with lawn seeds, the designation "Berlin Tiergarten" quickly catches the eye. Many think: If you've heard of it before, it can not be that bad. But many garden owners have regretted this mistake sooner or later. Because the "Berlin Tiergarten" mixture is by no means the seed mixture of a well-known manufacturer such as Compo or Wolf Garden, which was extensively tested before the market launch. The name "Berliner Tiergarten" is not even protected, so basically everyone can sell their grass seed mixtures under this name - no matter how they are composed or what quality they have. Because of its fame cheap grasses are sold under this apparent brand name. They grow strongly, do not form a dense sward and are therefore unsuitable for lawns. With the "Berlin Tiergarten" you can buy a real surprise bag. By the way: The name "Berliner Tiergarten" is due to the grass seed mixtures of Peter Joseph Lenné, who in the middle of the 19th century was the first to plant large lawns in the Tiergarten in Berlin by sowing "hayloft chaff" and deviating from the formerly common turf method. The new technique of grass seed was initially regarded by experts with skepticism. However, as we now know, it has prevailed. The name "Berliner Tiergarten" simply got stuck.

Why it pays to put quality on lawn seeds

Although grass mixtures for lawn and grassland are largely of the same species, completely different varieties are used. Both the grass varieties and their mixing ratio make the difference in the end. Of course, the cheap price for many hobby gardeners is initially tempting, but the price difference between the "Berlin Tiergarten" and the grass seed mixtures of brand manufacturers has a simple reason: In the cheap mixtures are often included many grasses that were actually bred as cattle feed. These agricultural grass mixtures are converted in large quantities, while the areas where proper lawn seeds are used, are relatively small. Therefore, for grasses for turf, the cost of developing new varieties per unit of packaging sold is much higher.

Cross section through a lawn

High-quality lawn seed forms a particularly dense sward

The investment in real lawn seed pays off quickly, because you have to invest much less time and money later in the weed control and reseeding of bald spots. The lawns created with high-quality, slow-growing lawn mixtures from Wolf Garten or Compo and other Rule-Seed mixtures form a dense sward in the long term, in which hardly any weeds can establish. Although the grass varieties cultivated as livestock feed in cheap seed mixtures produce a lawn that grows rapidly, it must be mowed as often as possible and still remains loose. In these gaps, mosses and weeds can spread in an instant.

Seed mixtures with a certain extra

Fertilization with a starter fertilizer is essential in order to provide optimal starting conditions for your lawn after sowing. Experts recommend the use of a phosphorus-based fertilizer. Before fertilizing, however, you should do a soil analysis to find out how high the nutrient content of your soil already is. In the meantime combi blends are available, which in addition to the lawn seeds also contain a starter fertilizer. Products such as Compo's "Lawn Reward Mix" already contain a long-term fertilizer that covers the nutrient needs of the grasses in the first three months. In order for the turf to develop quickly, some lawn blends also contain live microorganisms that promote root growth and make the lawn less susceptible to disease.

Video Board: Preparing Grass Seed for Quick Germination.

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