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The bark of the plant is medically available by infusion as a laxative. In the past, the charcoal extracted from the decay tree was used as the basis for the production of black powder. Tip: Robust, fast-growing and easy-care, but winter-rugged plant that is suitable for less talented hobby gardeners who want to achieve the greening of their garden with little effort.
- Name: Buckthorn, powderwood, Rhamnus frangula
- Growth form: unreinforced shrub, occasionally small tree, upright, broom-shaped, slender shape
- Family: Buckthorn Family
- Leaves: ovate to broadly elliptic, wavy at the margin, two to seven centimeters long, at most five centimeters wide, but usually smaller
- Fruits: drupes (inedible to humans), classified as toxic
- Use: Bark (as a tea infusion against constipation)
- Reproduction: self, foreign or animal pollination
- Root type: deep root
If the buckthorn tree is to be planted by sowing seeds from the garden center in your own garden, this seedling is recommended in late autumn. Otherwise, when sowing the undemanding buckthorn tree, nothing should be noted, except that this should of course already the preferred half-shady location should be selected.
- partially shaded location for sowing
- Sowing always in the fall
The location of the decay tree in the garden is a damp soil as well as a partially shaded spot. Overall, the decay tree is very easy to care for, which is very pleasant for the gardener, because he needs no special attention in the care. Due to its robustness and its constant growth even under adverse conditions, the decay tree was considered a very useless weed for a long time. If the decay tree in the garden is partially shaded, it has no further demands on its location. Basically, the plant grows as a single-shrub shrub, however, it can form on very wet soils also several strains.
It must be considered when selecting the location of the buckthorn tree that it can reach a height of up to two or three meters. In very good conditions, as far as the ground and the lighting conditions are concerned, the decay tree can grow to a size of seven or eight meters. Here it is then to choose the right location or to meet the growth with thorough cutbacks. If you want to provide perfect conditions for the buckthorn, you will get an acid loam-clay soil, which the tree also has in nature in sparse forests as well as in watercourses or moors, where it prefers to settle. Otherwise, the decay tree is very undemanding and it can be found in the Alps due to its unpretentiousness and robustness even at altitudes up to 1,000 meters.
- damp ground
- partially shaded location
- easy-care plant for inexperienced gardeners
- reaches high altitudes - which already take into account when choosing a location
- perfect is an acid loam clay soil as a substrate
Planting should be preferred to the robust and very easy-care shrub shrubs in late spring into summer. The planting can be done as a cutting. The shrub then grows loosely with a final height of on average three meters. First, the bush in summer has a greenish berry formation, which then assume a reddish-black color and turn out to be approximately pea-sized.
As easy as the buckle tree shows, it is so easy to maintain when it comes to watering. If it has its half-shady place in the fundamentally moist soil, then it only needs to be watered in extreme heat periods of the summer. Otherwise, the plant, which also grows abundantly in nature, accepts the water supply that nature offers.
Hardly any other plant is more modest in terms of fertilization than the buckthorn. He practically fertilizes himself, because he uses his own leaves for nutrient recovery for the new season. In autumn, the bush loses the leaves. In the garden, these can then be piled directly on the trunk. As soon as the leaves begin their natural decay process, the soil and thus the root area receive the necessary nutrients in sufficient quantity. An additional fertilization, for example, with commercial liquid or rod-long-term fertilizers, is not required in this plant.
A regular shape cut does the lushly growing plant, especially in their own garden very well to keep them in check and prevent excessive proliferation. The shape cut should ideally take place in the spring and during this time should also be thorough. If necessary, however, the decay tree can be cut into shape again and again.
- Regular cutting is recommended to keep the plant in check
- Form cutting in the spring, then at any time possible corrections
The decay tree maintains its unproblematic character also with regard to wintering, because it is absolutely hardy as a naturally occurring plant. A special preparation for the cold season is not required here.
The decay tree can be multiplied by cuttings. This is particularly common in the US, while in this country, the propagation of seeds is more common. For the insertion of the cuttings is the ideal time from July to August. The removal of shoots for cuttings should be done by cutting, not tearing. Thus, the wound surface of the mother plant remains smaller and rooting works easier. Rooting hormones favor rooting. Here you should get advice in the garden shop market, better still in the landscape gardener. Tip: try out the rather unusual propagation by cuttings in this country, because it is uncomplicated and shoots of the mother plant can be used!
In general, the plant is robust and undemanding. However, it can be a popular host for the so-called Gespinstmotte under unfavorable care conditions. With optimal care, disease and pest infestation is rather unlikely.
frequently asked Questions
- Is the plant also suitable for an environment with children? - The berries of the tree are very poisonous and should never get into children's hands! The plant should therefore not be planted out of the reach of children or in a child's environment at all!
- What causes the decay tree as a well-known medicinal plant? - In the drug range of the buckthorn belongs to the anthranoids. Through these substances, a chemical process is set in motion, in which bacterial enzymes are split off from the sugar in the body. As a result, the storage of water and salt in the intestinal mucosa is reduced, which in turn regulates the defecation or rather accelerates greatly - thus helps against constipation. For a short time, preparations from the buckthorn bark can counteract these problems. The decay tree has long been considered a very effective natural remedy for constipation, which also acts promptly and intensively.
Find out more about the buckthorn in a nutshell
- The buckthorn is a shrub that is native to many areas of Europe. He belongs to the Kreuzdorngewächsen.
- At favorable locations, however, it can also grow into a small tree with a height of up to eight meters.
- He got his German name because his bark has a slight smell of decay.
- The botanical name Frangula, derived from the Latin word for break, refers to the brittleness of the branches of this shrub.
- A buck-tree gets about two to three meters high and usually has only one trunk.
- He can also have several in particularly damp locations.
- It has bright green, alternate leaves, which have an oval shape and are slightly pointed or round at the end.
- From the end of May until September, it forms small, rather inconspicuous flowers in a greenish-white color.
- Its fruits are berry-shaped and have two or three seeds.
- They are initially green, turn red later and are black when they mature in August.
- Because this shrub blooms for a very long time, you can usually find fruit in different colors.
- They fall from the bushes in the fall and are eaten by birds, which carry the seeds through it.
- Thorns has no this shrub.
- From the wood of the buckthorn tree, charcoal can be produced, from which black powder was once made.
- For this reason, this shrub is also known as powder wood.
- The bark is used in medicine as a laxative and for the treatment of flatulence.
- Its effect has been known for many centuries in the field of medicine.
- However, fresh bark of the decay tree is just as poisonous as the leaves and berries of this shrub.
- It can cause nausea, stomach pain and bloody diarrhea.
- Because of the beautiful berries, it is therefore advisable not to plant a decaying tree where children often reside.