Salads (Lactuca)


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Type / Family: One-year-old. Belongs to the Compositae (Asteraceae)
Care: Low
Growth: Fast growing
Ingredients: Rich in various nutrients, depending on the species
Height: 10 to 30cm
Location: Sunny. Normal garden soil is enough
Planting time: Different, see below species
Partner: Make a classic trio with radishes and kohlrabi. Dill can be sown well between salads
Care: water a lot, soil should not dry out. Fertilizers not necessary
Hibernation: Different depending on the species
Diseases:
Powdery mildew: White wipeable coating. Cut off affected shoots. In case of heavy infestation, use spraying agent (observe dosage instructions). Preventively, a plant tonic can be used. Some varieties are resistant
Some species tend to shoot (see also below When the lettuce shoots): Grow resistant varieties
Particularities:
weak Zehrer
Robust and can handle cold temperatures well
Vegetables of the Year 2007, chosen by the Association for the Conservation of Crop Variety
Germans eat almost 5kg of lettuce per capita per year
species
Lettuce (Lactuca spec.)
Winter vegetables, which makes no heads. The individual leaves are harvested from outside to inside. If at harvest heart leaf is not damaged several harvests per plant are possible. Cover hibernation in cold frame or fleece until January. After that straw cover. From April with a planting distance of 25cm. Can be sown as seed from March to October in the greenhouse and directly in the field with a row spacing of 25-30cm, germination time 10-15 days at 8-16 degrees Celsius
Chicory © e
Narrow oblong, tightly closed heads with thick white midrib and light green leaves. Only small, young heads harvest, because the older ones taste too bitter. Can be sown as seed from April to May directly in the field at a row distance of 30-40cm
Iceberg lettuce (Lactuca sativa var. Capita)
Also called ice lettuce or curd salad. Forms up to 1kg heavy, closed heads. Crunchy leaves with a strong, nutty aroma contain many vitamins and nutrients. Can also be sliced ​​or partly defoliated for up to two weeks in the refrigerator. The ice lettuce is a cultivated form of the well-known lettuce and comes from the USA. Since he was previously transported to fresh keep on ice piles in other states, he got his name. From April with a planting distance of 25cm. Can be sown as seed from March to October in the greenhouse and directly in the field with a row spacing of 25-30cm, germination time 10-15 days at 8-16 degrees Celsius
'Fortunas: lap fest
'Ithaca Great Lakes: medium sized variety
'Nabucco: lap fest
Stallion: resistant to mildew
Endive - Escarole (Cichorium endivia)
Firm, curly leaves with a slightly bitter taste. Leaves are dark green, the heart is usually yellowish. It is planted in sunny spot in late July to mid-August. Can be sown as seed from mid-June to early July in the cold frame or directly in the field at a row distance of 30-40cm, germination 8-15 days at 18-25 degrees Celsius. Prefer deep, loose and moist soil. Good partners are fennel, cabbage, leek and runner beans. To improve the taste, the heart of the salad is covered in the last weeks before the harvest (November)
Corn salad (Valerianella locusta)
Nutty taste. Harvest on warm winter days until spring. Simply cut with scissors. Rich in beta-carotene and rich in vitamins. Can be sown as a seed from late July to September directly into the field with a row spacing of 15cm and a wide area, germination 25-35 days at 10-22 degrees Celsius. Hardy. Should be covered with jute sack, straw or fleece during heavy frost
'Elan: Very frugal, therefore well suited as a postculture in the fall. Resistant to mildew
Lettuce (Lactuca sativa)
Thick, firm heads with a tender light green heart. Quickly process freshly harvested heads as they wither quickly. Best kept in the fridge. Contains fiber, vitamins, minerals, citric and apple and other acids that give it a refreshing taste. Robust and can handle cold temperatures well. From April with a planting distance of 25cm. Can be sown as seed from March to October in the greenhouse and directly in the field with a row spacing of 25-30cm, germination time 10-15 days at 8-16 degrees Celsius
Attractie: Shoots rarely
'Karaganer summer 2: rarely shoots
Larissa: Schießtselten
use
kitchen
Soup:
Sauté the diced onions in fat and add the finely chopped lettuce. Douse with vegetable stock and cook with cream for a few minutes. Puree the soup and season with salt, pepper, sugar and lemon juice
Pflücksalat
Rather loosely rosettes and small heads with ruffled leaves, often reddish on the outside. Planting distance 25cm. Good partners are bush beans, dill, fennel, cabbage, radishes, radish, beetroot, rhubarb, beets, salsify, asparagus and tomatoes
'Lollo Bionda: Green variety. Resistant against lettuce aphid
'Lollo Rossa: Red variety
'Onyx: Green variety. Resistant against lettuce aphid
Radicchio (Cichorium intybus)
Most famous red salad with a rather bitter taste. Planting time from July to August. Can be sown as a seed from late April to early July in the cold frame or directly in the field at a row spacing of 30cm, germination time 10-16 days at 16-20 degrees Celsius
Romaine lettuce
Requires eight weeks to mature. Mini-Romanasalats are a healthy treat and mostly resistant to mildew. In addition, the mini-heads did not shoot. Until the end of July it is possible to sown again and again until October to be permanently supplied with the little delicacies. The row spacing should not be fertilized at 25-30cm and the soil previously. The fine salad hearts are delicate, crisp and slightly sweet in the taste
'Attico: Mini variety. Resistant to mildew
Baby Star: Mini variety. Resistant to mildew
'Brun dhiver: Can be sowed broad-leaved and young as cut salad (baby leaf salad) to be harvested
Pinocchio: Mini variety. Resistant to mildew
'Ronda: Mini variety. Resistant to mildew
'Valmaine: Can be sowed broad-leaved and young as a cut salad (baby leaf salad)
'Xanadu: mini variety. Resistant to mildew
arugula
Was formerly called Rauke, today as a rocket in fashion. Rich in vitamins. Slightly sharp taste. Can be sown in smaller portions as seeds every 14 days, germinates very fast. Can be cultivated on the windowsill from February. Cover seeds with soil only slightly, harvest after about five weeks
Leaf lettuce
Can be grown from seeds by yourself, to sow every 14 a few grains
When the salad shoots
Head and iceberg lettuce and endives like to shoot early in order to form flowers, the leaves become bitter and bitter. Thus, he is inedible.
The cause of this is usually dryness and great heat. If the roots dry out several times, the salads want to form flowers in order to be able to quickly form seeds against the supposed death. After all, everyone wants to multiply! Regular casting can therefore usually prevent shooting up.
However, heat at night can also be blamed, so healthy heads should be planted in a breezy bed where the heat of the day does not build up.
In addition, it is possible to make the yield safer with the help of certain chip-resistant varieties.
In endives, a shot can be avoided if you sow them in the middle of June in the open

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