The Content Of The Article:
- Lily species and their colors
- care Tips
The list of lily species is very long, with only three species native to Germany, the Lilium candidum, the Lilium martagon and the Lilium bulbiferum. These onion plants grow upright and persistent. Their inflorescences consist of large single flowers, which may be filled or unfilled depending on the variety. The stature heights vary between 20 and 180 cm. The greatest danger for lilies is voles, they like to eat onions. But even the lily chicken can cause great damage.
Lily species and their colorsTurkish lilies - Lilium martagon
The Turquoise-headed Lily is one of the stately lilies with heights between 70 and 150 cm. Their paniculate inflorescences are composed of up to 16 fragrant and nodding flowers that appear between June and August. They are usually purplish pink rarely spotted white and burgundy. The bracts are strongly rolled outwards, creating this typical turban shape. The most red-stained stems are densely foliated below. A rarity among the Turkish lilies is the variety Lilium martagon var. Cattaniae with dark purple flowers. Lilium martagon album is a rare pure white variety.
Tiger lilies - Lilium lancifolium Syn. L. tigrinum
Tiger lilies are among the most adaptable lily species. They thrive in almost every location and are getting more and more beautiful from year to year. They are mainly due to the striking spotted flowers. These appear from August to September and are usually red-orange with purple spots. They are between 80 and 150 cm high.
Two beautiful filled varieties are tigrinum 'flore plenum' with orange, black spotted flowers and 'Double Sensation' with dark pink flowers, white center and white tips. The most well-known variety is 'Splendens' with particularly large orange, black spotted flowers.
Tip: Tiger lilies are often infected with a virus that can be deadly to other bulb flowers. Accordingly, you should always plant them about 30 meters away.
Madonna Lilies - Lilium candidum
Madonna lilies are among the most attractive species of lilies. Their inflorescences consist of up to twelve, sometimes up to 20 funnel-shaped bright white single flowers with golden yellow stamens. In addition, they exude a pleasant spicy fresh scent. Madonna lilies bloom from May to August / September and can grow between 80 and 150 cm high.
Fire lily - Lilium bulbiferum
- Fire lilies are rarely 20 to 90 cm tall and up to 120 cm tall.
- The stems are spotted red or black.
- On the stems sit 1-5 flowers in doldigen inflorescences from May to July.
- Flowers have six upright inflorescences.
- The flower color is yellow-brown to orange with small black spots.
- The Feuerlilie is a fragrance-free lily.
Trumpet Lilies - Lilium regale
Trumpet lilies have emerged from crosses between Lilium formosanum, Lilium longiflorum and Lilium phillippinense. They are about 100-120 cm high. Typical of trumpet lilies are the hanging flowers, which are mostly white. Through further crossbreeding of oriental and trumpet hybrids, many more extraordinary colors and larger flowers have emerged. 2-3 stalk-shaped flowers sit on a stalk.
Asian hybrids are crosses of Lilium cernuum, Lilium concolor, fire and tiger lily and other species. They develop more than 5 flat and star-shaped flowers per plant, with rather smaller single flowers. Typical of these hybrids are the upright flowers. Main bloom is in July. The flowers are very strong and contrasty patterned. These lilies reach stature heights of 90 to 100 cm. A special feature are the filled varieties that have no pollen plants and bloom a little earlier.
Oriental hybrids are predominantly cultivars of Lilium rubellum, Lilium nobilissimum, Lilium japonicum, Lilium japonicum and the magnificent lily (Lilium speciosum). They develop strong stems with up to 5 wide-open flowers about 20 cm in size. Characteristic of these species are the horizontal sitting flowers. The edges of the petals are usually curly or wavy. The flower colors range from white and yellow to pink. Some species form on the flower stems and in the leaf axils Brutzwiebeln. Oriental hybrids can grow between 90 and 130 cm high.
Location claims and soil conditionsLilies usually prefer a warm and sunny location, with the Turquoise-headed Lily feeling the best in light shade or partial shade.The soil should be loose, nutrient-rich and humus-rich, with the Turquoise bunch lily well on base-rich and moderately acid clay and loam soils and the Madonna lily prefers calcareous soils. By incorporating compost or cow dung pellets, the soil can be improved. Compacted soils should be made more permeable to sand before planting.
Tip: Particularly high types of lilies require appropriate supports to protect against strong winds.
- The onions should be planted promptly after purchase.
- Most lilies are planted in a planting depth between 20 and 25 cm.
- For tiger lilies, planting depths of 12-15 cm are recommended.
- Madonna lilies are set only 3-4 cm deep.
- For several onions, distances of 15 cm must be observed.
- 20 cm are recommended for large onions
- They should always be planted with the top up.
Pouring and fertilizingLilies feel most comfortable in fresh and slightly damp soils. You pour depending on the weather and in the summer if necessary a little more. Waterlogging should be avoided, as it causes the onions to rot. To keep the moisture in the soil longer, a mulch layer of coarse compost or chopped leaves on the planting area is recommended. In the spring, a commercially available liquid fertilizer or plenty of compost is administered for optimum nutrient supply. Further fertilization is not required.
Tip: Lilies are among the bulbous plants that can stay at the same location for many years.
Cutting and winteringLilies should be cut off like other bulb flowers only when the leaves are completely withered. This allows the onion to extract important nutrients from these parts of the plant, which it needs for the winter and the next flowering. Lilies are hardy. Nevertheless, a protective layer of grass clippings, humus or bark mulch on the planting area is advisable. The shoot tips of some lily species are late frosty and should be protected accordingly. Lilies in the tub are frost prone. Accordingly, the bucket is protected with a fleece and covers the root area with straw or brushwood. You can also overwinter the onions in the pot frost-free.
Tip: If, for example, you want to let the fire lily grow wild, the stems should not be cut off, because in the leaf axils sit the bulbs, over which the plant multiplies.
Lilies are especially popular with voles and lilies. To protect against vole, put the onions in a fine-meshed wire mesh in the ground. Lily chickens are red beetles that can cause great damage with their larvae. It is best to collect them regularly and uses natural predators such as lacewing larvae and parasitic wasps. Also coffee grounds should be helpful if you distribute it in larger quantities around the plants.
Lilies are among the most beautiful ornamental plants with their impressive biodiversity. They can be combined with each other but also with other plants very well. As far as care is concerned, you really do not have to do more than pay attention to correct planting depth and planting distances and avoid waterlogging. Especially important is the protection against vole, because they can destroy entire stocks.